Cure For Malaria: Tablets And Ointments, Effective Remedies

Table of contents:

Cure For Malaria: Tablets And Ointments, Effective Remedies
Cure For Malaria: Tablets And Ointments, Effective Remedies
Video: Cure For Malaria: Tablets And Ointments, Effective Remedies
Video: How to Treat Malaria 2023, February
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Malaria is a protozoan disease, and is carried by blood-sucking insects belonging to a particular species. It is because of the high mortality rate that the disease poses a serious danger to humans, and when the first symptoms appear, a cure for malaria and timely treatment are required.

Content

  • 1 About drugs and their methods of action on parasites
  • 2 Description of drugs

    • 2.1 Mefloquine
    • 2.2 Chinocid
    • 2.3 Bigumal
    • 2.4 Primaquine
    • 2.5 Doxycycline
    • 2.6 Fansidar
    • 2.7 Acyclovir
    • 2.8 Chloridine
    • 2.9 Chloroquine
  • 3 How to treat children
  • 4 About preventive measures

The pathogen has different hosts, and each has a specific role in the parasitic life cycle. For the tropical strip, malaria is a real disaster. More than 100 million cases of this disease with a large number of deaths are recorded annually. The disease is in the nature of an epidemic, which is most relevant for Africa, some Asian regions, South America.

About drugs and their methods of action on parasites

Medicines for malaria can be divided into several groups:

  • schizontocidal - means destroy the schizont, which is in the liver;
  • hematoschizotropic - fights against plasmodia that have entered the erythrocytes;
  • gametocidal - destroys gametocides;
  • hypnoiticidal - drugs of this group allow you to prevent re-infection;
  • sporocidal - interrupt the sexual phase in parasites that feed on blood.

Unfortunately, scientists have not yet developed drugs that can destroy sporozoites that have entered the bloodstream

Before starting treatment for malaria, it is essential to consult an infectious disease specialist. Drug therapy can be classified as protective agents that protect, treat, and prevent the spread of disease.

Description of drugs

Malaria can be treated with both ointments and tablets. Let's take a closer look at the most common drugs that help fight the disease.

Mefloquine

Included in the group of antibacterial agents of artificial origin. Fights parasites and the disease itself. The remedy has one significant drawback - the causative agents of the disease very quickly get used to it, and the medication ceases to act on them.

In the absence of the possibility of contacting a medical institution, doctors advise using the remedy as an emergency aid in case of infection with malaria. One of the contraindications is an allergic reaction to the constituent components, mental illness, pregnancy or the patient's age. Cannot be given to children under the age of two.

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Quinocid

The action of this drug is to destroy the infectious agent. In addition to the main purpose of use, it can be used to prevent relapse, and as a prophylactic agent. Allowed for children whose infection occurred at birth. In this case, the dosage is determined by the attending physician.

There are side effects:

  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • headache;
  • lips turn blue;
  • sudden changes in temperature in the patient.
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The product must not be used if a course of treatment with other drugs aimed at combating malaria has been started. This medicine is not used for people with kidney disease or heart and vascular problems.

Bigumal

It is an anti-malarial agent, available in the form of tablets and powder. Appointed only in the case of tropical malaria. The drug has a slow effect, it is quickly excreted by the body, moreover, parasites are able to develop protection against the active substance.

In powder form, the remedy can be given to babies under one year of age. In severe malaria, Bigumal's solution is administered intravenously. The great advantage of the drug is that the body does not give side reactions to it.

Primakhin

This drug for malaria has the ability to stop the reproduction of carriers of the infection. It can be used for any type of disease. A positive effect was noted as a prophylactic agent, as well as a drug that can prevent relapse.

There are several side effects:

  • headaches;
  • pain in the abdomen;
  • cardiac disorders;
  • blue lips;
  • Iron-deficiency anemia.

Cannot be used for diseases of the circulatory system and kidney ailments

Doxycycline

It belongs to the tetracycline group and is a group of antibiotics with a wide range of effects. It is used when an infection occurs that is caused by microorganisms sensitive to the agent. The medicine is used after meals and should be taken with plenty of water.

The ointment of the same name has a good effect. It acts as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent. Apply to the skin with insect bites. Cannot be used by children under the age of nine and women during breastfeeding. The remedy can be used up to 4 months of pregnancy, but first it is recommended to consult a specialist.

Fansidar

Included in the antibacterial group of artificial origin. Has action against malaria and parasites. Used in case of infection with infections transmitted through insect bites.

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The medicine is taken with food and with a liquid, it is best to use water. It can be given to children whose weight is more than 5 kg, but it is necessary to consult a specialist about the dosage.

The tool is used as a prophylactic. As soon as the course of admission is completed, it is necessary to take tests for research.

Acyclovir

The drug is aimed at combating viruses.

Available in the following forms:

  • pills;
  • ointment;
  • powder for solutions.

The ointment did not show any side effects after use, unlike the tablets. The patient may experience nausea, vomiting, weakness. After applying the powder solution, liver enzymes are often activated, which leads to changes in blood tests.

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Cannot be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Chloridine

Very often this agent is used to fight malaria. When toxoplasmosis occurs, it has the greatest effect. A good result is achieved by combining chloridine with sulfonamide and hingamine. The medicine is applied once a day.

Chloridine is used to treat children, the amount of the drug is calculated by the doctor based on the weight of the child.

Not recommended for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Chloroquine

The drug acts in a depressing way on the parasite, and at the same time has the ability to relieve inflammation. It can be used in case of an acute form of the disease or for prophylaxis before traveling to a country that is unfavorable for malaria.

The drug is dosed, depending on the severity of the case. The term of admission is three days in acute form.

It is used as a prophylactic agent for a week, however, a long course can provoke the appearance of dermatitis. With the identification of the latter, you need to reduce the dosage or stop taking it.

How to treat children

If a child is diagnosed with malaria, only a doctor should treat him. With self-medication, difficulties may arise that can harm health in the future. Children can use drugs that can interrupt the parasitic reproduction cycle.

Most often they use Rezokhin, Chloroquine, Delagil. Together with the general therapeutic course, children are prescribed drugs that increase the functioning of the immune system and relieve the symptoms of the disease.

About preventive measures

Prevention of malaria requires measures to prevent the disease in disadvantaged areas.

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This includes:

  • the use of medicines for prevention;
  • ointments that help kill blood-sucking insects;
  • products that can prevent mosquito attacks.

To date, scientists are developing a vaccine for this disease, and many studies are being carried out on this score. So far, drugs against malaria are used as the most effective means of prevention.

Together with this, you need to try to create maximum protection against blood-sucking insects:

  • use the developed tools;
  • use electric fumigators indoors.

In areas unfavorable for the disease, it is impossible to wear open clothes, a person must be protected as much as possible. The body is treated with repellents before going outside.

The following are used as comprehensive preventive measures:

  • therapeutic treatment of the sick;
  • active methods of combating the spread of the disease;
  • protection from bloodsuckers;
  • prevention using chemicals.

After recovery, a person must be registered with a dispensary. People need to be tested if their body temperature suddenly rises.

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