Table of contents:
- The structure and general characteristics of the parasite
- Life cycle
- How does infection occur
- Whipworm infestation symptoms
- Why is the pathogenic action of the parasite dangerous?
- Treatment methods
- Preventive actions
Video: Vlasoglav Human: Symptoms And Treatment Of Trichocephalosis In Adults And Children
Symptoms of human infection with whipworm are specific; it is advisable to start treatment of the disease after the first signs appear. Headaches, bouts of nausea and decreased performance are what you should pay attention to. How to understand that an infection has occurred, how dangerous it is for the body, and what complications can it lead to with prolonged inactivity?
- 1 Structure and general characteristics of the parasite
- 2 Life cycle
3 How does infection occur
- 3.1 From animals to humans
- 3.2 From person to person
- 3.3 Through food and water
- 4 Symptoms of whipworm infestation
5 Why is the pathogenic action of the parasite dangerous?
- 5.1 For an adult
- 5.2 In a child
- 6 Diagnosis
7 Treatment options
- 7.1 Using medicines
- 7.2 Using folk recipes
- 8 Preventive measures
The structure and general characteristics of the parasite
Parasites have a special structure that allows them to attach to the wall of the cecum and begin to cause serious harm to the body.
What are the structural features of the helminth, or what it looks like:
- It resembles a hair or a thread - very thin and long.
- Attached with a sharp head to the intestinal wall.
- Expands slightly towards the bottom.
- The size of the parasite is 5 centimeters, females are slightly larger than males.
The main problem is that whipworms are very productive, they produce a large number of eggs, as a result of which several mature individuals can be in the human intestine. This aggravates unpleasant symptoms and significantly weakens the body.
Helminth eggs are excreted in the feces, they are clearly visible during laboratory tests
What do whipworms eat:
- Useful substances: vitamins and minerals.
- They receive them along with human blood.
The egg, before the appearance of the larva, must be in certain conditions. A humid and warm environment is ideal.
The ripening period depends on several factors:
- availability of suitable temperature conditions;
- compliance with a certain humidity.
The peculiarity of whipworms is that they do not need an "intermediate carrier" - eggs ripen successfully in soil at a temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius. But the larva appears after entering the intestines, where it is able to receive food.
The development cycle lasts several weeks, if during this time the helminth egg does not enter the human intestine, then the larva will die.
On average, one sexually mature female whipworm is capable of laying 1 thousand eggs per day. The average lifespan of an individual is 5 years. During this time, the worm is in the intestines, sucks blood from a person, causing irreparable harm to him.
How does infection occur
The spread of helminths occurs in several ways; parasites can enter the body under various conditions. Most often, a person becomes infected with trichocephalosis as follows:
- Eats substandard foods. We are talking not only about unwashed vegetables and fruits, but also about meat products that have not been properly processed. Storing food under improper conditions also has detrimental consequences.
- A feature of trichocephalosis is considered the ability of infection through water that has not undergone sufficient heat treatment. If water is taken from wells or reservoirs, it is not allowed to drink it raw - only after boiling.
- You can also get infected if you do not follow the rules of personal hygiene; often the reason for everything is animals, which act as carriers. Less commonly, infection with trichocephalosis occurs through contact with a sick person.
Attention! You can get infected with parasites by shaking hands, visiting a public toilet. Therefore, do not neglect the rules of personal hygiene. This will help reduce the risks.
From animals to humans
Trichocephalosis in pigs is a common disease, because these animals are not very picky about food and often come into contact with the soil. It is difficult to get infected from a pig, but the risk of developing a parasitic disease persists if:
- a person takes care of animals, has contact with his feces;
- does not differ in cleanliness, and after contact with animals is in no hurry to wash his hands;
- eats pig or ruminant meat without properly processing it.
If it turns out that the animals have helminths, you will have to carry out the appropriate procedures for getting rid of them. We'll have to give the pig antiparasitic drugs.
Help: when a piglet sneezes and coughs, while he has no visible signs of illness - contact your veterinarian. Chances are good that the cause of everything is helminths.
With trichocephalosis, therapy is carried out in several stages. The drugs are given at least 2 times and the condition of the animals is constantly monitored.
From person to person
With trichocephalosis, this infection is less common, but you should avoid:
- Contact with an infected person.
- Visiting public toilets.
- Cafe and other catering establishments.
Through food and water
Whipworm eggs enter the soil and water with feces, and under suitable conditions, they begin to develop.
Infection occurs according to the following scheme:
- a person takes a vegetable from a garden or picks up a fruit lying on the ground;
- does not wash it or does it not thoroughly enough;
- eats a fruit or vegetable and becomes infected with parasites.
Thorough washing of the fruit and good personal hygiene will help to avoid contamination.
How is infection through water:
- A person collects water in a natural reservoir (well, column, stream, source).
- Writes it out without subjecting it to any processing.
Attention! The statistics on parasitic diseases are frightening. If you believe her, then 95% of the population of our planet is infected with helminths.
Whipworm infestation symptoms
Usually, the patient develops specific symptoms, but until a certain time it may be absent. If trichocephalosis continues for a long time without signs, then it causes serious harm to the body.
The main manifestations of the disease:
- headaches and dizziness, with the appearance of characteristic weakness;
- general malaise, increased fatigue with adequate nutrition and rest;
- frequent allergic reactions that occur for unknown reasons;
- disruption of the digestive system with the development of diarrhea and bouts of nausea;
- problems with immunity, frequent diseases of a viral and infectious nature;
- in women - menstrual irregularities.
Symptoms vary, but in different patient populations, the "key signs" are:
- Pain in the abdomen that occurs before and after eating; they increase with poor nutrition, up to the development of colic and seizures, loss of consciousness.
- Anemia - detected by laboratory analysis.
The signs are most pronounced in children. Babies have a hard time tolerating the disease and begin to complain:
- discomfort in the stomach and intestines;
- frequent problems with stool, the appearance of a specific taste of iron in the mouth;
- on a rash on the skin that resembles a small rash like urticaria.
As trichocephalosis develops, the symptoms intensify, it affects the work of the whole organism. But the digestive tract, liver and immune system are affected the most.
Why is the pathogenic action of the parasite dangerous?
With a long course of the disease leads to a number of consequences.
The danger lies not only in the fact that the whipworm feeds on human blood, as a result of which it does not receive the amount of nutrients and trace elements, but also in the fact that it constantly loses biological fluid, is poisoned by the waste products of helminths, which are toxic.
For an adult
In adults, the following problems most often occur:
- Serious disturbances in the functioning of the liver and organs of the digestive tract.
- Increased fatigue, severe weakness, loss of strength, up to the development of a depressive state.
- Anemia of varying severity, especially often diagnosed in women.
A characteristic feature of parasitic anemia is considered the inability to normalize the level of iron in the blood, even when taking medications.
The signs have their own characteristics, they gradually increase, leading to a general deterioration in well-being. In the absence of adequate therapy, trichocephalosis progresses, leading to severe complications that are dangerous to life and health.
The child has
In children, the situation is even more complicated, since an unformed organism has a hard time coping with whipworms and does not tolerate infection by them.
In most cases, this group of patients has the following manifestations of trichocephalosis:
- frequent headaches and dizziness;
- stool disorders with the development of prolonged diarrhea;
- the child's lag in physical and mental development from peers;
- severe anemia and general weakness of the body.
As part of the diagnosis, only 1 laboratory analysis is carried out - they donate feces for research, which makes it possible to identify the presence of helminth eggs in it.
A laboratory examination of a patient takes several hours, the result can be obtained the next day. Within its framework, the following procedures are carried out:
- Donate blood for biochemistry.
- Do an ultrasound of the digestive system.
When the diagnosis is made to the patient, a specific therapy is prescribed. It consists in taking certain antiparasitic drugs and monitoring their effectiveness, carried out by passing tests.
With the help of medicines
The most commonly prescribed pills are:
In the fight against these drugs, the above drugs are considered the most effective, but, in addition to these drugs, it is permissible to prescribe:
- Sorbents, because they absorb toxins and help to naturally cleanse the stomach and intestines.
- B vitamins and drugs that help to cope with anemia and support the body.
A pill can kill a helminth, but often they are resistant to one or another agent, in which case trichocephalosis is treated in a complex, with several drugs. The therapy continues for 3 days. A month later, you will have to go to the doctor again and take the feces for analysis.
The use of folk recipes
Vlasoglav is not sensitive to garlic, onions and hot spices. An antiparasitic enema will not help to eliminate it from the body.
Among the folk remedies, only one recipe should be noted: brew, insist and drink a strong decoction of St. John's wort. Repeat the procedure daily, and combine it with taking medications
As part of prevention, it is recommended to carry out a number of procedures that can prevent or timely recognize infection with helminths:
- wash your hands at least 2 times before eating;
- do not eat dirty fruits and vegetables;
- thoroughly heat the meat;
- avoid contact with infected animals and people;
- do not drink raw water from natural reservoirs;
- visit a doctor 1 time in 6 months and donate feces for analysis.
Trichocephalosis, like other parasitic diseases, is dangerous with complications. It can cause ulcers in the intestines, tumors of the liver, kidneys, and other vital organs. It provokes the appearance of polyps and cysts and significantly reduces immunity.
To avoid this, you will have to adhere to the rules of prevention, timely treat the disease in case of its signs.