Antiparasitic Drugs For Children: The Best Medicines

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Antiparasitic Drugs For Children: The Best Medicines
Antiparasitic Drugs For Children: The Best Medicines

Video: Antiparasitic Drugs For Children: The Best Medicines

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Video: PARASITE | WORMS | ALBENDAZOLE MEDICINE :Indication,Dosage,Side-effect Prevention for worms disease 2023, February
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Helminths are called parasites that carry out their livelihoods at the expense of the host. At the same time, they actively emit toxic substances, harm the internal organs and systems of the human body. Children are most often susceptible to infection with pinworms and ascaris. The presence of these parasitic organisms in a child's body can adversely affect the development and general health of the baby. Therefore, when diagnosing this ailment in a child, parents should give their child pills prescribed by a doctor for parasites for children.

Content

  • 1 Antiparasitic medicines for children
  • 2 Effective medicines

    • 2.1 Albendazole
    • 2.2 Piperazine
    • 2.3 Levamisole
    • 2.4 Mebendazole
    • 2.5 Pirantel
  • 3 Concomitant therapy

Antiparasitic medicines for children

The best option for using antiparasitic drugs for children is their exact match to the type of helminth that affects the body of the crumbs. Therefore, before taking any medicine, you should show your baby to a doctor. It is worth considering that only the attending physician should prescribe a remedy for parasites. This is due to the fact that they are all characterized by toxic effects on the body.

Usually, to eliminate parasites, doctors prescribe:

  • Dekaris;
  • Pirantel;
  • I fed.

A little less often for treatment are recommended:

  • Levamisole;
  • Nemozole;
  • Mebendazole;
  • Nourished;
  • Albendazole;
  • Helmintox;
  • Vermox;
  • Nemocide.

On the territory of the Russian Federation, Piperazine, which is characterized by a low toxic effect, is in special demand, but such a drug is ineffective. The process of eliminating parasites in the human body is considered safe only if, when taking, a clear dosage of the drug is observed, determined by the doctor based on the severity of the pathology. It is because of this factor that the dosage often differs from the recommended instruction.

Many doctors advise children to carry out antiparasitic prophylaxis every six months. This is especially true for preschoolers who attend kindergarten. Before giving a baby a remedy for worms, parents need to pay attention to the general condition of his body. Antihelminthic prophylaxis can be completely abandoned if the child does not have the following symptoms:

  • nausea;
  • unhealthy complexion;
  • the skin has acquired a pale shade;
  • itching appeared in the anal ring;
  • loss of appetite;
  • no weight gain with normal appetite.

And if any of the listed symptoms appear, the baby should be shown to the doctor in order to diagnose the presence of pinworms or ascaris in his body.

Effective medicines

It is worth considering that therapy will be effective only in the antiparasitic treatment of all members of the family unit of society, even if the disease is diagnosed only in the baby. After detecting parasites in children, the doctor is able to prescribe various antiparasitic agents based on the age data of the crumbs, its body weight and the severity of the parasitic lesion.

Albendazole

Children over 2 years of age can be treated with Albendazole. This medication is characterized by a wide range of effects on parasitic protozoa. It is recommended to use it for giardiasis, trichinosis, gnatostomiasis, teniasis, cutaneous moving larvae, ascariasis, hymenolepiasis, enterobiasis, toxocariasis, noncatorosis, capillariasis, trichinosis, clonorchiasis, ankylostomiasis.

Albendazole is the strongest remedy for parasites in the body of the crumbs, but it has an abundant list of side effects:

  • the development of fever;
  • the appearance of dryness in the mouth;
  • disorder of consciousness;
  • burning sensation in the stomach;
  • development of stomatitis;
  • headache;
  • bouts of nausea;
  • increased activity of flatulence;
  • the development of hallucinations;
  • disorientation;
  • severe vomiting;
  • upset stool;
  • itching of the epidermis;
  • hepatitis pathologies;
  • the appearance of painful sensations in the abdominal region;
  • disruptions in hematopoiesis;
  • constipation;
  • sleep disorders;
  • convulsive reflexes;
  • dizziness;
  • decreased visual function;
  • dermatitis.

In no case should the drug be taken during the period of gestation by the expectant mother and its subsequent feeding, for crumbs up to two years old, as well as during pregnancy planning.

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Piperazine

This baby remedy is a suspension designed to make it easier for babies to take. The drug has a narrow spectrum of activity. It acts exclusively on individuals of pinworms, ascaris, provoking the development of paralysis of their muscles. Piperazine has an effect only on adults, while parasitic larvae and eggs do not react in any way to the active components of the drug. The non-toxic effect of the drug is determined by the fact that with paralysis of helminths they do not die, but, leaving behind a large volume of toxic substances in the host's body, they simply leave with the feces.

Among the side effects from the action of the drug are:

  • nausea;
  • diarrhea;
  • painful sensations in the abdominal region;
  • headache;
  • in the presence of renal failure, tremors may occur;
  • decreased visual function;
  • the appearance of hallucinations;
  • euphoria;
  • muscle weakness.

Piperazine is prescribed only for weak invasion and during pregnancy. In case of severe infection, the medication is not able to provide a full therapeutic effect.

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Levamisole

Recommended for admission from 3 years old. Has a similar therapeutic effect with Dekaris. Levamisole is prescribed for ankylostomiasis, ascariasis, necatorosis, pinworms and for mixed invasions.

Of the side reactions of the drug on the human body, the most common are:

  • vomiting and bouts of nausea;
  • indigestion;
  • headache;
  • sleep disorders;
  • dizziness;
  • convulsions;
  • soreness in the abdomen.

If the drug is used for a long time, it can provoke malfunctioning of the liver, kidneys, the development of hallucinations, flu-like syndrome, allergies, stomatitis, arthralgia, as well as speech disorders and nervousness.

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Mebendazole

This drug is recommended for use from two years of age. Mebendazole has several analogues:

  • Wormin;
  • Telmox;
  • Mebex;
  • Vermacar;
  • Vermox.

When using, the following side effects may occur:

  • failures of liver function;
  • dizziness;
  • soreness in the abdomen;
  • anemia;
  • leukopenia;
  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • upset stool;
  • increased body temperature;
  • skin rashes;
  • hair loss;
  • eosinophilia.

This medication should not be drunk with Crohn's disease, as well as ulcerative colitis.

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Pirantel

This medication is recommended for use from 6 months. The tool has several analogues:

  • Helmintox;
  • Combantrine;
  • Nemocide.

This medication is prescribed for the purpose of eliminating enterobiasis, hookworm disease, ascariasis, as well as noncatorosis. When the body is affected by pinworms, roundworms, doctors recommend taking Pirantel twice a day, and the second pill is taken a few weeks after the first. During treatment, parents must carefully iron the bed and underwear of their child, monitor their compliance with hygiene standards.

Among the side effects of the drug may appear:

  • restless sleep;
  • painful sensations in the abdominal area;
  • extreme sleepiness;
  • decreased appetite;
  • the appearance of regular vomiting and nausea;
  • dizziness and headache;
  • disorder of concentration of consciousness;
  • itchy sensations;
  • rash on the epidermis.

Pirantel should not be drunk if kidney function is impaired. Also, it should not be taken during pregnancy and lactation. This drug is usually prescribed between the ages of 2 and 3.

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Concomitant therapy

After death, the worms release a large amount of toxic substances in the host's body, so antiparasitic drugs can provoke severe intoxication. In view of this effect, in addition to the main treatment, therapy with enterosorbents is required.

Such treatment should be carried out one day after taking anthelmintic drugs. Of the medicines, doctors usually prescribe Polysorb, activated carbon or Polyphepan. Also, during the period of removing worms from the body, antihistamines should be taken, for example, Clarisens, Loratadin, Erius, Cetrin, Zodak, Zyrtec.

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If you find the symptoms of a parasitic presence in the body of your child, you should fly to the doctor as soon as possible and pass all the necessary tests. In no case should you give medicines to children without consulting a doctor, as they can be dangerous to the child's body. If in the near future it is not possible to get an appointment with a doctor, you can try to overcome the parasitic organism with the help of pumpkin seeds.

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