Table of contents:
- Common types and their characteristics
- How the body becomes infected with parasites
- Prevention of worms with drugs
- Folk remedies to prevent helminthiasis
- Personal hygiene and sanitation rules
Video: Prevention Of Worms In Children: What To Give, Pills And Drugs, Admission Rules
Infection of children with worms is a fairly common occurrence. The crumbs intensively learn about the world, cannot indifferently walk past a stray dog or cat, enthusiastically tinker in the sand. Therefore, the appearance of parasites in babies occurs more often than in adults. Worms poison the body, reduce immunity, negatively affect the general condition, and for a long time they may not give out their presence at all. In the absence of timely treatment, worms appear in all family members, which is why one should not neglect the prevention of worms in children.
- 1 Common species and their characteristics
- 2 How does the body become infected with parasites
3 Prevention of worms with drugs
- 3.1 Pirantel
- 3.2 Mebendazole
- 3.3 Albendazole
- 3.4 Decaris
4 Folk remedies to prevent helminthiasis
- 4.1 Pumpkin seeds
- 4.2 Garlic
- 4.3 Carrot juice
- 5 Personal hygiene and sanitation rules
Common types and their characteristics
There are a huge number of varieties of parasites (about 100 species) that can reproduce and feel great in the human body. Worm eggs enter the soil with the feces of animals, often the source of infection is dirty water or food, with insufficient heat treatment.
For example, raw fish dishes can become a source of infection with tapeworms or trematodes, meat - "please" with trichinosis, pork or bovine tapeworm. However, most often babies become infected with pinworms and ascaris
There are 3 groups of helminths that cause helminthic invasions:
- Children are most often infected with nematodes or roundworms. These are pinworms that cause enterobiasis and ascaris, the cause of ascariasis.
- Cestodes or flat tapeworms are called bovine and pork tapeworms, as well as echinococci that cause echinococcosis.
- Trematodes or flukes are called Siberian flukes, the culprit of opisthorchiasis, hepatic flukes, the cause of fascileosis.
Any parasitic infection requires prompt and qualified treatment. Worms can affect adults and children, and the child usually has a more severe illness.
How the body becomes infected with parasites
A baby can become infected after contact with sick animals, playing in the sandbox, eating food taken with dirty hands. Travelers often bring rare types of helminthiases from Asian and African countries, in which case the source of infection is local food or water.
Sometimes worms appear in children in kindergarten; By exchanging toys, having not washed their hands well after a walk, children in a short time fall ill in whole groups. In this case, re-infection is possible, as the larvae can remain on toys, door handles and closets. Of course, employees of preschool institutions are engaged in the prevention of helminthic invasions.
Stool tests and scrapings for enterobiasis are a measure to prevent the spread of diseases. By the way, kindergarten workers are regularly checked for helminthiasis.
Prevention of worms with drugs
Since any medicinal antiparasitic drugs are toxic, experts do not recommend taking them, much less giving them to a small child for preventive purposes. For effective treatment, you need to know exactly what worms are present in the baby's body. The prescribed dose also depends on the age and individual characteristics of the child.
Parents should, at least 2 times a year, take an analysis of feces for worm eggs with the child and check it for enterobiasis. In case the baby, together with adults, visited exotic countries, be sure to consult a specialist after arrival to make sure that everything is in order with the child.
If the family has pets (cat, dog, ferret), they are regularly - 3-4 times a year, shown to the veterinarian and worms.
Of course, if the baby has become lethargic, whiny, has lost his appetite - this is a serious reason to contact a specialist, he will advise what and in what doses to give the child. With enterobiasis (pinworms), the baby is often worried about itching in the anus, as pinworms come out at night to lay eggs.
Since infection occurs very quickly, treatment is given to all family members. For the treatment of young children, tablets are not prescribed, most anthelmintic drugs are produced in the form of a suspension with a pleasant taste. Such a medicine is easy to give to a baby. Some of the preparations are suitable for babies up to 2 years old.
It is an effective anthelmintic agent, available in the form of tablets and suspensions. Acts on adults and larvae, acting on the muscles of the worms and immobilizing them. It is applied when:
- non-coronary disease.
It is used to treat children from 6 months of age. For treatment, the prescribed dose of the drug is taken once. The suspension bottle must be shaken before taking the drug. 2-3 weeks after treatment, the tests are repeated and, if necessary, you can proglist the child again, repeating the reception. Children over 6 months old are prescribed 5 milliliters of syrup for every 10 kilograms of weight.
A drug for the treatment of helminthiasis with a wide spectrum of action. It is used in the treatment of mixed helminthic invasions. Available in the form of tablets and suspensions. Effective in treating:
It can be prescribed to children from 2 years of age. The dosage is determined by the doctor, according to the indications, all family members are treated. A week after treatment, tests are prescribed to assess the effectiveness of treatment. If necessary, an anthelmintic agent is prescribed for repeated administration.
An antihelminthic drug used to get rid of round and tapeworms is effective for mixed helminthic infestations. Applies in case:
- ascariasis, enterobiasis, opisthorchiasis;
- non-katorosis and other parasitic infections.
The dosage of medications is determined by a specialist, depending on the type of parasite, weight and age of the child.
A highly effective antihelminthic drug, available only in tablets, has a large number of adverse reactions, which are leveled by a competent selection of the regimen. It is used to treat children over 3 years old, at this age it is no longer difficult to persuade the baby to take a pill.
Dekaris is similar in action to pyrantel, but the latter has fewer contraindications.
Remember: the use of antihelminthic drugs can make the child dizzy, nauseous and weak; these are temporary phenomena that pass quickly
Before taking the medicine, you should not do an enema or follow any diet.
Folk remedies to prevent helminthiasis
There are many folk remedies for preventing helminthic invasions. They are safe and have been used to prevent disease for centuries.
To enhance the effect, pumpkin seeds should be crushed together with the peel and given to the child on an empty stomach from 70 grams of the product, depending on age. Sometimes ground seeds are mixed with a small amount of honey, of course, only if the child is not allergic to this product. After taking it, it is recommended to give the baby a laxative. Such treatment is carried out within 3 days.
This product is effective in preventing helminthiasis, but it is best not to give it to children to avoid developing gastritis.
Another way: the head of garlic is peeled and crushed, after which it is poured with a glass of boiled warm milk and insisted for a day. Children take 1 tablespoon before bedtime, adults - 150 grams. A weekly course is conducted.
Grated carrots and carrot juice are suitable for combating parasites. The remedy is simple and effective, it is used for the treatment and prevention of helminthic diseases, in addition, it enriches the body with vitamins. Within 2 days, the child should be given grated carrots and carrot juice, without restrictions.
Personal hygiene and sanitation rules
You should teach your child to wash their hands thoroughly after walking and going to the toilet. Systematically wash toys, cut baby's nails.
Always pay attention to warning signs on bodies of water. Avoid swimming in unfamiliar places with not too clean water.
Do not allow your baby to stroke stray cats and dogs, regularly worm pets.
Do not buy meat and fish from spontaneous markets - such products usually do not pass mandatory veterinary checks. When preparing food, use different knives and cutting boards for boiled and raw foods.
Damp your home and change your bedding regularly. In kindergarten, periodically ask how children wash their hands and perform hygiene procedures. Wash your baby and change her panties daily.
Of course, systematically (at least 2 times a year) take tests with the child for eggs, worms and scrapings for enterobiasis.
The rules are simple and easy to follow, they help develop healthy habits in adult family members and the baby, and this can significantly reduce the risk of infection with helminths.