Table of contents:
- The main characteristic of helminths
- Some representatives of these helminths
- Pathological manifestations of infection
- The consequences of the penetration of helminths into the body
- Clinical manifestations of parasitism in the body of tapeworm larvae
- Activities that are carried out with a therapeutic purpose
- Drug treatment
- Preventive actions
Video: Cure For Tapeworms In Humans: Tablets And Drugs
Tape worms belong to the group of dangerous parasites that can be localized in the human body. They differ in a wide variety, and this quite often confuses even doctors. This is because in the case of a person's treatment with infection, it is necessary to determine the belonging of certain representatives to a certain class. As for the treatment, it takes a long period of time. In order for drugs for tapeworms to be effective, the doctor, first of all, must have information about what the causes of infection may be and what exactly contributes to the parasitization of these helminths in the body.
- 1 The main characteristics of helminths
- 2 Some representatives of these helminths
- 3 Pathological manifestations of infection
- 4 Consequences of the penetration of helminths into the body
- 5 Clinical manifestations of parasitism in the body of tapeworm larvae
- 6 Activities that are carried out with a therapeutic purpose
- 7 Drug treatment
- 8 Preventive measures
The main characteristic of helminths
If we compare roundworms and tape parasites, then we can say with confidence that tape worms are not so common. But one must remember that these parasites can cause irreparable harm to the body. Infection with this type of helminths can lead to unpredictable consequences, and in some cases even death.
Differentiating tapeworms from pinworms and roundworms is not difficult at all, because there are significant differences in their external structure. They are endowed with an oblong body, distributed into several parts, in the form of a flattened ribbon. The head of parasites is located at one end of the body and has a large number of suckers and tentacles, which provide the ability to attach to the mucous membrane of the walls of internal organs.
Some representatives of these helminths
Tapeworms are considered to be quite common and well-known representatives of this class of parasites, namely:
- Bullish - it is extremely large, its length can reach ten meters. Infection most often occurs due to the consumption of fish or meat dishes that have not undergone sufficient heat treatment. Very often, infection occurs due to the fact that people, especially women, are accustomed to taste it when cooking minced meat.
- Pig - although it does not reach such a grandiose size as the previous representative, however, this worm is a great danger to human health.
As for the infection, it occurs in the same way as with the bovine tapeworm. Treatment is considered long-term, drugs are used in a complex, and their appointment occurs in several stages.
- Wide tapeworm - the parasite is striking in its size, because its length is equal to fifteen meters. Fish and seafood are believed to be the source of infection.
- Dwarf tapeworm is considered the smallest representative of its class, because its size does not exceed six centimeters. In most cases, infection occurs due to the fact that children do not follow the rules of hygiene, use contaminated common household items or toys.
Pathological manifestations of infection
It is possible to detect the presence of tapeworms in the early stages only by performing laboratory diagnostics. But you can also suspect the presence of such uninvited guests in the body by changing the general condition. Will be observed:
- muscle spasms in the arms;
- manifestations of a different nature, indicating the presence of allergies;
- increased body temperature;
- neurological disorders;
- sudden and dramatic weight loss;
- the addition of an additional infection of bacterial origin.
The consequences of the penetration of helminths into the body
Please note that a certain danger is posed by the ingestion of not only adults, but also their larvae. Being in the developmental stage, worms , having penetrated the body, can lead to the occurrence of diseases that require long-term treatment. For example, dwarf tapeworm leads to the formation of a disease called hymenolepiasis. This pathological condition is accompanied by rather severe disorders of the functioning of the nervous system and digestive organs. It is considered characteristic that the disease most often affects children.
Another disease that forms as a result of the penetration of larvae is teniasis. Its causative agent is pork tapeworm. Clinically, astheno-neurotic disorders and malfunctioning of the digestive tract will be observed. In rare cases, the disease can lead to complications such as cysticercosis of the brain.
The broad tapeworm has the ability to cause a disease such as diphyllobothriasis. Intestinal and neurotic disorders will be observed, up to intestinal obstruction. That is why such patients often require surgical intervention.
Clinical manifestations of parasitism in the body of tapeworm larvae
It is the larval stage of echinococci that is best treated. The main characteristic feature of this stage is considered to be a high level of toxicity. This is explained by the fact that, being in the larval stage, worms produce a large amount of poisonous products of their existence, and this, in turn, affects the general condition of a person. The appearance of the following will be characteristic of this period:
- feeling tired;
- loss of strength;
- an allergic rash that will be localized on the surface of the skin.
The intoxication of the body, which occurs as a result of parasitizing the larvae of helminths, can also be evidenced by such pathological manifestations as:
- bitter taste in the mouth;
- rotting smell from the mouth;
- constipation, which appears quite often and alternates with diarrhea;
Activities that are carried out with a therapeutic purpose
Treatment for tapeworms should begin as early as possible. Of course, removing the tape-like parasites is not an easy task. The problematic nature of this issue is also based on the fact that their long-term parasitism in the body makes it impossible to make a correct diagnosis, and, accordingly, to prescribe an adequate and effective (for this case) medicine. This happens because a long stay in the body of these worms is not accompanied by any pathological manifestations.
If the formation of a cyst caused by echinococcus is observed, then the only way out of the situation is the operation. Therefore, if any pathological symptoms appear, it is imperative to consult a doctor for advice.
The difficulty of drug treatment is that tapeworms have a high level of resistance to the use of certain drugs. That is why there may be cases when the doctor offers the patient to eliminate helminths by surgery. This method of treatment is considered effective and justified if the parasites are localized under the skin. The essence of the operation is the excision of the affected areas.
If the parasitization of helminths in the body is detected in time, then they can be removed with the help of a medicine. Adults are prescribed tablets, and children are prescribed drugs in the form of a suspension. And now we will consider several of their types, which are distinguished by a high level of efficiency for expelling tape parasites from the body. These medicines include:
- Praziquantel. It is necessary to use this tool at the initial stages of infection. The action of the drug is based on the weakening of the helminth, which occurs as a result of accelerating the contractions of the muscles of the respiratory organs.
- Albendazole. The destruction of helminths occurs as a result of changes in biochemical processes and inhibition of glucose utilization.
- Nitazoxanide. These tablets have a broad spectrum of action. The death of worms after their use occurs due to the absorption of enzymes that are considered necessary for the existence and reproduction of parasites.
Note! The selection of the drug should be carried out only by a qualified specialist, and the patient's task is to strictly adhere to the indicated dosage (without increasing or decreasing it). This is due to the fact that anthelmintic drugs have a high level of toxicity, and each of them has its own contraindications and characteristics of administration.
As already noted, tape worms require compulsory and long-term treatment. But it is better and easier (in any case) to prevent a disease than to cure it. Therefore, it is recommended to follow these simple guidelines:
- meat and fish should be well heat treated;
- you need to drink only boiled or well-purified water;
- wash your hands as often as possible, especially after using the toilet and before eating;
- wash vegetables and fruits before eating;
- try not to swim in questionable bodies of water;
- be examined for the presence of worms in the body at least once every twelve months.
After analyzing the information, you can find out which drugs for tapeworms in humans are used most often, and which remedy is considered the most effective.