Table of contents:
- What is the relationship between cough and worms?
- Parasites that cause cough
- Features of cough with helminths in children
- Treating a cough caused by helminths
- Possible complications
- Prevention measures
Video: Cough With Worms: Can It Be, Symptoms And What Worms Cause
The defeat of the human body by helminths is called helminthiasis. Infection is caused by annelids, round worms and flat worms (worms) that affect the main vital organs of a person, parasitizing the liver, kidneys, lungs and other parts of the body. The disease proceeds in an acute or chronic form, depending on the body's resistance and the extent of the lesion, causing a characteristic cough during the migration of worms.
- 1 What is the relationship between cough and worms?
2 Parasites that cause cough
- 2.1 Ascariasis
- 2.2 Enterobiasis
- 2.3 Toxocariasis
- 2.4 Giardiasis
- 2.5 Paragonimiasis
- 3 Features of cough with helminths in children
- 4 Symptoms
- 5 Diagnostics
6 Treatment of cough caused by helminths
- 6.1 Medication
- 6.2 Folk remedies
- 7 Possible complications
- 8 Preventive measures
What is the relationship between cough and worms?
The appearance of a dry, asymptomatic cough, accompanied by irritation of the throat and upper respiratory tract, is the first signal of the possibility of the presence of parasites. Most consider such symptoms to be the beginning of a respiratory illness or a cold, starting to treat it on their own, using folk remedies or advertised medications. An incorrect attitude to the signs of the disease that has appeared will cause its progression and lead to a deeper damage to organs.
A timely visit to a doctor and an adequate examination will help to identify the true cause of the cough and start correct and effective treatment. Many people ask the question: for what reason do worms cause a cough. The parasite larvae, moving, enter the respiratory tract and impede normal air circulation.
If coughing is accompanied by the release of sputum clots, this is a sign of the development of an inflammatory process associated with the vital activity of helminths.
Cough caused by parasites is divided into two types:
- mechanical, due to the movement of larvae and their effect on the bronchi;
- allergic - a reaction to intoxication with the waste products of worms.
Note! Treating a cough by any known method will not bring the desired result. It is necessary to accurately identify the type of parasite causing the symptoms in order to prescribe the appropriate drug treatment
Parasites that cause cough
A cough with helminths occurs when the parasites leave the intestines and are carried by blood to the respiratory system. More than two hundred and fifty varieties of helminths are known, the most common are fifty species that parasitize in the climatic conditions of Russia. Learn more about parasites that cause coughing.
It is caused by the human roundworm, a roundworm with a permanent habitat in the small intestine. The helminth has an absolutely smooth body, without villi and suckers, therefore it is not able to catch on to a specific area, but is forced to be in constant motion.
The parasites are reddish in color; males grow up to twenty-five centimeters in length and up to four millimeters in width. Females are twice as large. After death, the bodies of the helminths acquire a beige tint. Females are very fertile: a female is able to lay about a quarter of a million eggs per day, more than a third are fertilized.
The development of the embryo is characterized by the following stages:
In the absence of a male, fertilization does not take place and the embryo does not develop. Once in the intestines, the egg shell dissolves, releasing viable larvae that migrate through the blood vessels to the liver, heart, and pulmonary arteries.
With a prolonged period of damage, respiratory failure develops. The risk group includes children and people with low immunity.
The causative agent of enterobiasis is a round worm, oxyurid pinworm. Adults reach ten millimeters, females are three times more than males, with a whitish body pointed towards the end, vesicles on the side of the head, with the help of which helminths are attached to the intestinal walls.
The life span of the parasite is from one to two months, during which the worms lay up to ten thousand eggs at a time, moving through the rectum to the anus, after which they die. The incubation period for laying is about five hours. After this, the parasites become active and begin to irritate the anus.
By combing or touching an infected place, a person spreads the larvae of worms, which, falling on hands, bedding, toys, food and other things, enter the mouth, causing re-infection. In the intestine, eggs turn into larvae, which develop into adults capable of reproduction. Outside the human body, eggs can survive for up to twenty-five days, after which they die. The risk group for infection is people in contact with the infected.
Caused by a parasite carried by dogs and other related animals. The female toxocara worm lays up to thirty million eggs in her life. The maximum lifespan of a female is up to six months.
Infection occurs through personal contact with an animal or contact with the places of its defecation:
- when using poorly washed dishes;
- as a result of non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene (hand washing).
Man is a dead-end branch of the toxocara life cycle: the parasite is not able to develop while in our body. It develops into a larva, but does not reach sexual maturity. The hatched larvae, passing through the intestines, enter the bloodstream and are carried along the internal organs.
Due to their small size (up to 0.02 millimeters), moving along the blood vessels, they are introduced into an organ suitable for habitation, creating protective capsules. In this way, the larvae exist for many years, releasing waste products of the life cycle that poison the body. Sometimes the capsules burst, and the larvae are again carried by the bloodstream, spreading to other organs. Penetrating into the lungs, they cause a cough in a person.
The immune system is unable to detect Toxocara capsules. Sometimes the impact of helminths leads to malfunctions of the immune system, which begins to attack the cells of the human body. Some people (up to fourteen percent of all inhabitants of the planet) have antibodies to these parasites.
The risk group includes:
- children who do not follow the rules of hygiene;
- workers of veterinary clinics, utilities;
- vegetable sellers;
- gardeners, dog breeders;
- people whose lifestyle does not ensure compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.
The severity of the lesion depends on the number of eggs trapped in the body, the extent of distribution and the importance of the infected organs.
Unlike other diseases, it is caused by protozoa - lamblia, which affects the small intestine.
Sources of infection:
- an infected person;
- cats, dogs, chickens;
Giardia, excreted with feces, penetrate the human body through dirty hands, contaminated water, unwashed food, and untreated children's toys. Despite the high degree of infectiousness, cases of relapse are rare, with the use of adequate and timely treatment. But if the infection is not detected in time, the disease turns into a chronic form that threatens health in general.
Note! Cough with giardiasis is allergic in nature and is not relieved by expectorant drugs until the main problem is eliminated - the destruction of parasites
It is caused by helminth - a pulmonary fluke that lives in the lungs, brain, less often in other organs. The manifestation of his vital activity is frequent bronchitis, pneumonia, hemoptysis, in some cases accompanied by pulmonary hemorrhage.
This helminth is a brownish-red flat worm in the form of a lemon seed; length - up to twelve millimeters. Differs in a thorn-shaped cuticle, is able to stick to organs through the oral and abdominal suction cups. Refers to hermaphrodites, fertilizing eggs on their own.
Development continues in molluscs and crustaceans, from where the parasite is able to enter the body of the main host - a person or an animal. Infection is also possible from contaminated water from an open reservoir. Once in a favorable environment, the larva penetrates the small intestine, discards the membrane, and is carried by the circulatory system to the vital organs.
Features of cough with helminths in children
Many parents, noticing a minor cough in a child, tend to regard it as a cold disease, completely rejecting the possibility of infecting children with helminths. But if this phenomenon occurs in the absence of symptoms of a respiratory infection, you should think about taking tests to identify worms.
The cough is caused by the presence of foreign particles in the lungs and occurs reflexively. In this way, the body tries to remove foreign bodies outside. Suddenly arising, the symptom similarly disappears after the parasites pass from the lungs to the intestines. But after five to ten days, the problem arises again due to the development of the next generation of worms. In a situation with a pulmonary fluke settling in the lungs on a long-term basis, the cough is constant, accompanied by prolonged attacks with the release of sputum, pus and blood.
Helminthiasis is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- severe chills, fever with a sharp increase in body temperature;
- painful sensations in muscle tissues;
- inflammation of the lymph nodes;
- nausea, vomiting and diarrhea;
- enlargement of the spleen and liver.
Exposure to the nervous system leads to rapid fatigue and decreased activity.
The disease is diagnosed by analyzing the material of the scraping for the ovum leaf, helminthicoscopy, enzyme immunoassay, immunofluorescence reaction, feces histology. The method of examination is determined by the doctor, based on the results of the initial examination of the patient.
Treating a cough caused by helminths
To get rid of a cough caused by worms, the underlying problem must be addressed. Treating the symptoms will not work.
Depending on the nature of the infection, the following drugs are prescribed, taken orally:
- Nemozol and others.
Important! The drug should be prescribed by a doctor, taking into account the diagnosis and the individual characteristics of the patient.
It is allowed to resort to folk remedies at the initial stage of infection, proceeding in a mild form.
- a decoction of fern or tansy leaves;
- pumpkin seed;
- freshly squeezed garlic juice.
With a strong infection, you should not rely on alternative methods of treatment, so as not to aggravate the course of the disease. It is necessary to consult a doctor in a timely manner to apply adequate measures.
If the infection is not stopped in time, the patient may experience the following complications:
- problems with the gastrointestinal tract;
- putrid odor from the mouth;
- chronic runny nose and cough;
- the formation of warts, moles and papillomas.
Long-term infection with helminthic infestations causes damage to vital organs, up to anaphylactic shock.
To prevent infection, the following preventive measures must be taken:
- regular hand washing with disinfectants, especially before meals;
- do not put your hands in your mouth;
- carefully pre-process food;
- exclude raw meat or underwent insufficient heat treatment from consumption;
- do not take water procedures in reservoirs that do not meet sanitary standards;
- do not drink raw water;
- be examined annually for the presence of parasites;
- take synthetic drugs prophylactically on a quarterly basis;
- in the presence of pets, regularly carry out preventive measures with them;
- avoid contact with stray animals.
As can be seen from the presented material, infection with worms is a dangerous disease. But the main factor providing reliable protection is cleanliness.