Worms In Rabbits: Symptoms And Treatment Of Worms

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Worms In Rabbits: Symptoms And Treatment Of Worms
Worms In Rabbits: Symptoms And Treatment Of Worms
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Worms in rabbits affect the breeds of these animals, along with myxomatosis, rabbit plague and enterocolitis. This ailment is often encountered by people who neglect prevention. It is one of the most common parasitic diseases in rabbits caused by protozoa of the genus Eimeria. In these animals, within the genus, 12 species of protozoa have been described, which parasitize in the mucous membrane of the intestines and bile ducts, as well as in the liver.

Content

  • 1 How the disease is transmitted
  • 2 How to recognize a disease

    2.1 The presence of parasites will show the study of droppings

  • 3 Prevention

    3.1 Preventive treatment

Next, we will consider what treatment is proposed for worms in rabbits (what anthelmintic drugs are used), whether prevention is possible.

How is the disease spread

The source of the disease is infected adult rabbits, from which the offspring subsequently become infected.

Usually, the disease flares up at a higher ambient temperature and with increased air humidity - in spring and summer. During this period, each farmer has the largest number of young rabbits and large losses.

Most often, the offspring is sick at the age of 2-3 months.

In many cases, a negative (stressful) factor contributes to the worsening of the disease, which can be one of the following:

  • weaning the rabbit from its mother;
  • changes in the quantity and quality of feed;
  • being in poor hygiene conditions (for example, in overcrowded cages);
  • untimely removal of droppings;
  • neglect of cell disinfection.

How to recognize a disease

In the acute form of the disease, which rabbits suffer from worms, the following symptoms may occur:

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  • reduced feed intake;
  • bristling hair;
  • strong-smelling diarrhea;
  • an enlarged belly;
  • weight loss.

A mild course of the disease (chronic) for the owner of the animal often goes unnoticed. Typically, this situation refers to breeding with excellent nutrition and care. The fact that there is a rabbit's disease from worms becomes apparent only after its death.

The presence of parasites will show the study of the droppings

The disease can be determined by examining feces for the presence of parasites (scatological examination). In areas where the disease occurs regularly, it is appropriate to test droppings prior to breeding season. According to the results, after consultation with the veterinarian, all necessary actions are taken.

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The disease can also be detected when rabbits are slaughtered or during the dissection of dead animals.

Intestinal forms are determined by inflammation of the mucous membrane of varying intensity. In the case of penetration of parasites into the deeper layers of the intestinal mucosa, blood is present in the inflamed tissues. There are whitish nodules or spots on the mucosa.

Prevention

Particular attention should be paid to the hygiene of the cage and to remove excrement regularly, especially in the summer. The parasites come out with rabbit droppings, which the animals tend to re-consume. This leads to the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms into the gastrointestinal tract and can enable a wider spread of the disease.

Preventive treatment

A very effective preventive method is the anthelmintic drug Sulfadimidine. This remedy can be given to a rabbit as early as the fifth week of life. The therapy should be applied to the entire breed.

  1. As a liquid, the rabbits should be given water containing the dissolved medicine for 3 days - one dose in 20 g is dissolved in 10 liters of water.
  2. Before starting to treat animals, as well as during treatment, juicy feeds are not recommended. In the rabbit's diet, hay, wheat, oatmeal should be present for the medicine to be well accepted.
  3. If necessary, if the rabbits are already showing signs of illness, the antihelminthic drug is re-administered after a three-day break.
  4. Treatment time should not be shortened despite improvement in symptoms.
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If there are no health problems, other preventive measures are unnecessary

The interval between cycles of administration for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes should be at least 2 months. More frequent administration of drugs threatens the growth of rabbits.

Granules with added antiparasitic agent

Rabbit owners are often interested in whether prophylactic feed pellets with added antiparasitic agents are effective, that is, products that are designed to minimize the incidence of disease in breeding.

For this method to be effective, 2 conditions must be met:

  • rabbits must be healthy (preventively treated);
  • the animals should be given only feed mixture and water.

If hay and carrots are present in his diet, one should not count on complete success.

The most important principle: do not underestimate prevention - it is always cheaper than treating already sick animals

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