Table of contents:
- Ways of infection and signs of disease
- The most common drugs in suspension
- Important recommendations
Video: Suspension From Worms For Dogs And Puppies Of Small Breeds
Dogs constantly need to walk on the street, therefore they are susceptible to infection with worms. There are many ways for parasites to enter the body. They pose a danger not only to the animal, but also to all family members. Modern anthelmintic drugs can quickly expel parasites. There are medicines separately for small breed dogs and for large dogs.
- 1 Ways of infection and signs of disease
- 2 The most common drugs in suspension
- 3 Important tips
Ways of infection and signs of disease
Helminthiasis in dogs can be recorded at different ages. At the same time, smooth-haired breeds become infected less often than animals with long fluffy hair.
Worms can enter the dog's body in several ways:
- licking outdoor objects, drinking water from puddles and open bodies of water;
- fleas, ticks are carriers of larvae;
- contact with strangers or stray sick animals;
- infection of puppies can occur in utero or during breastfeeding;
- feeding your dog raw meat or fish.
You should contact your veterinarian when the following symptoms appear:
- the dog is not active, plays little and sleeps a lot;
- loss of appetite;
- puppies stop growing and physically develop;
- the condition of the coat deteriorates, loss is not associated with the shedding period;
- the dog often hiccups, vomits;
- diarrhea opens, which can be replaced by constipation;
- distended belly, painful to the touch;
- the dog itches.
A wide variety of helminth species can be found in dogs. All of them can be divided into three groups.
- Cestodes include tapeworms. A dog can become infected by swallowing fleas, lice or ticks by licking its fur. These parasites can be up to several meters long. The habitat is various parts of the intestine.
- Roundworms belong to the group of nematodes. Infection can occur through eating food, contact with sand or soil. Puppies are especially sensitive to the disease - they lose weight, stop developing, look drowsy and lethargic.
- Trematodes represent a group of flukes. You can get infected by eating raw fish or meat. The organs of the digestive system are affected, first of all, the liver and gallbladder are affected.
If the invasion spreads, the respiratory, cardiac, digestive and endocrine systems begin to suffer.
The most common drugs in suspension
Worm suspensions for dogs are usually prescribed for small puppies, but they can also be prescribed for small breed dogs. Suspension from worms is prescribed in order to prevent infection or quickly get rid of the disease. Prevention helps to reduce or eliminate the risk of helminth infection. Treatment is carried out according to a certain scheme, taking into account the age, weight and health of the pet.
For small breed puppies, low toxicity antihelminthic drugs may be prescribed. The dosage in most cases is equal to 1 ml per 1 kg of body weight of a pet.
Drontal junior. A drug based on three active ingredients rarely causes side effects, therefore it is often prescribed by veterinarians. Leads to paralysis of round and tapeworms, which then naturally come out. You need to give along with the food, you can enter the root of the tongue.
Dirofen. Anthelmintic drug is active against nematodes and cestodes. It leads to paralysis of the muscular apparatus and further death of parasites. The suspension additionally contains pumpkin seed oil, which enhances immunity and improves intestinal motility.
Prazitel. Anthelmintic drug that is active against many types of parasites. The suspension is produced especially for puppies of large and small breeds. Acts against mixed helminthic invasion. It leads to disruption of metabolic processes and paralysis of helminths. If the puppy weighs less than 1 kg, then the dosage is 0.1 ml per 100 g of body weight.
Prazicide. An antihelminthic drug that is active against round and tapeworms of various forms of development. Small breed puppies are prescribed 1 ml per 1 kg of body weight, large - 1 ml per 2 kg.
Helminthal. Once in the body, the drug instantly leads to paralysis of the neuromuscular system and the death of parasites. The dosage is 1 ml per 10 kg of pet's body weight. Used to treat puppies over three weeks old.
Caniquantel. The combined anthelmintic drug is allowed to be taken from three weeks. Prescribe 0.5 ml per 1 kg of body weight of a puppy or small dog. The suspension is produced in special sealed droppers with a dispenser.
Prokoks. Anthelmintic should not be given to puppies under 2 weeks of age, or to dogs with liver and kidney disease. Assign 2 ml per 1 kg of animal body weight. The drug leads to paralysis and death of parasites. It is recommended to give 0.5 ml per 1 kg of body weight.
Azinox. The anthelmintic drug is produced in pill form, but for small dogs and puppies, the recommended dosage can be converted to suspension. Previously, 1 tablet should be crushed and diluted with 10 ml of water.
Febtal combo. Suspension leads to paralysis of a large number of various tape and roundworms. Recommended to be given in the morning with food. If the puppy weighs less than 500 g, the suspension is diluted with 0.3 ml of water.
Without following the rules, the treatment will be ineffective, and in some cases will harm the dog's health.
- The suspension should be purchased from specialized veterinary pharmacies. Do not give animals anthelmintic drugs intended for humans.
- It is advisable to establish the type of parasites that live in the pet's body.
- If there are fleas or ticks, get rid of them a few days before the start of deworming.
- At the time of treatment, the dog must be healthy.
- You can not independently reduce or increase the dosage.
- During the course or after it, hepatoprotectors should be given, which will protect the liver from toxins.
- 4 hours after taking the medicine, any enterosorbent should be given.
If, after taking an anthelmintic drug, a large number of killed parasites come out along with feces and vomit, the situation indicates a strong invasion. A repeated dosage should be taken after 2 weeks.
Preventive measures will avoid re-infection:
- avoid contact with street, stray dogs;
- it is impossible for the dog to drink from puddles, eat raw meat and fish;
- you need to cleanse the pet's fur from fleas in time;
- outdoor shoes should be kept out of the reach of the animal.
If you follow the rules of hygiene and start treatment on time in case of infection, you can preserve the health of not only the dog, but also all family members.