Table of contents:
- Common symptoms with worms
- Types of tests for worms, and how to prepare for them
- Where can I get tested for worms
Video: A Blood Test For Worms: What Is The Name, Who Needs To Be Taken
Treatment of helminths can be called an easy procedure, but for this you need to determine in time whether you have parasites. And one of the methods of laboratory research is a blood test for worms. Parasites in the body, in particular, worms, are a rather urgent problem of modern society, which entails serious complications. People mistakenly assume that worms are just an annoying inconvenience, and that getting rid of them will not be difficult.
- 1 Common symptoms in the presence of worms
- 2 Types of tests for worms, and how to prepare for them
- 3 Where can I get tested for worms
First you need to understand how the parasites enter the body.
- With poorly washed or even unwashed vegetables and fruits. Everyone knows that any plant product must be thoroughly washed under running water before use, because eggs of worms can accumulate on its surface.
- With contaminated water. Swimming in reservoirs, especially with stagnant water, you can catch worms.
- Contact with animals. Pets that live for a long time in the house, which have not been tested for worms and have not been prevented from being carried out, can be carriers of these parasites.
Common symptoms with worms
So, what are the signs that appear when parasites are present in the body? Indeed, it is when the following symptoms appear that you must definitely contact a specialist and take a blood test for helminths.
It is very important to pay attention to all these manifestations in time, because the sooner it is possible to identify parasites in the body, the sooner you can start treatment and the faster you get a favorable result. The main clinical manifestations with worms:
- Significant weight loss.
- Pallor, and sometimes cyanosis of the skin.
- Chronic fatigue and decreased performance.
- Itching in the anus.
- Flatulence, diarrhea.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Frequent headaches.
- Allergic manifestations in the form of a rash on the skin.
Without fail, blood for helminths is donated annually:
- Children attending kindergarten.
- Medical workers.
- Employees of preschool and educational institutions.
- Catering workers.
It is also recommended to take an analysis for worms to any person who comes into contact with animals.
Types of tests for worms, and how to prepare for them
There are several types of laboratory tests for the presence of parasites. Here is what each of these analyzes is called:
Analysis of feces for egg-leaf
The most famous and most reliable study for helminthiases. In this analysis, the laboratory assistant detects not the parasite itself, but the eggs, which is a sign of the presence of helminthiasis in humans, since the egg turns into an adult after 1-2 weeks.
Preparation: a few days before submitting the material to the laboratory, it is not recommended to take antibiotics, anthelmintics and antidiarrheal drugs. For feces, a special clean container is taken, which is sold at any pharmacy or issued in the laboratory itself. Can feces be stored? After defecation, it is advisable to immediately transfer the material for research, but if this is not possible, then the jar can be kept in the refrigerator for up to 8 hours.
For a reliable result, it is necessary to pass feces for analysis three times, especially if the above symptoms are pronounced. Only after the third negative analysis can we say with confidence that there are no worms in the body (99% probability). The days for repeated samples after the first test should be specified by the physician.
Analysis for enterobiasis
The most common type of helminthiasis is enterobiasis. The cause of this disease is pinworm, a small white worm. More often enterobiasis occurs in young children attending kindergarten, in adults it is extremely rare. A characteristic symptom of this disease is severe itching in the anus, mainly at night, when pinworms come out and are in the outer folds of the anus.
Analysis for ascariasis
Ascariasis affects every fifth person on the planet, it is a serious disease that is caused by roundworm worms. Unlike small pinworms, roundworms are rather large parasites, their length can reach 40 centimeters. Ascariasis is dangerous with such formidable complications as damage to the liver and lungs, gall bladder and even the brain. There is a possibility of death with an advanced form of ascariasis.
The main clinical symptoms of this disease are: itching of the perianal region, fatigue and pallor of the skin. It is possible to identify roundworms in the human body by blood, more precisely, by its indicators. It is necessary to pass a blood test for antibodies to helminths, in particular, to roundworms. Such an analysis does not require preparation, it is advisable only to take it either on an empty stomach or 4-5 hours after a meal, otherwise the indicator of antibodies in the human blood will be unreliable.
Analysis for opisthorchiasis
This disease is less common than the previous ones, but has the same formidable complications. Opisthorchiasis is more common in Russia and neighboring countries. This disease is caused by eating fish that are infected with flatworms (cat fluke).
After entering the body, worms settle more often in the bile ducts, thereby causing disturbances in the functioning of the liver, pancreas and gallbladder. Clinical manifestations of opisthorchiasis are: severe pain in the hypochondrium, fever. With late treatment, a stomach ulcer, chronic gastritis develops; in more severe cases, serious damage to the nervous system.
If you suspect opisthorchiasis, it is necessary to take a blood test for antibodies, and it is desirable to take it no later than the eighth week after infection, otherwise the study will not be reliable enough, since the opisthorchiasis after this period already becomes chronic.
Analysis for trichinosis
The source of this disease is lard and meat infected with Trichinella. The egg of such a parasite is very resistant to high temperatures, so the risk of infection with untested meat is very high. The main symptoms are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Trichinella spp. Are known for choosing the so-called target organ in the human body, in which they inhabit and reproduce, thereby destroying this organ.
In addition to donating blood for helminths, specialists also prescribe a general clinical blood test. This type of analysis can also show signs that indicate the presence of worms - a high level of hemoglobin and an ESR level much higher than normal.
Where can I get tested for worms
Tests for worms can now be taken in almost any medical institution - both in a paid clinic and in a public hospital. Determining the presence of worms by a blood test is nowadays a fairly common and inexpensive procedure.