Table of contents:
- Ways of penetration into body cells
- Variety of species
- The manifestation of the disease
- Diagnostic measures
- Therapeutic actions
Video: Chlamydia: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Of The Disease
2023 Author: Riley Dean | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 09:15
Special pathogens - chlamydia, penetrating into the human body, cause a disease such as chlamydia. Any internal organ can be affected, but the genitourinary system is the most vulnerable point. Chlamydia symptoms are not pronounced, so it is difficult to immediately identify the disease.
- 1 Ways of penetration into the cells of the body
- 2 Variety of species
- 3 Manifestation of the disease
- 4 Diagnostic measures
- 5 Therapeutic actions
Ways of penetration into body cells
What is chlamydia? This intracellular parasite infects any mucous surface inside the human body. They are small, rounded microorganisms. Common chlamydia is caused by unprotected sexual intercourse with a sick partner. Chlamydia becomes the causative agent of chlamydia.
What is Chlamydia? Chlamydia chlamydia - This is a group of infectious diseases that can occur in the acute and chronic stages.
The most frequent and main route of transmission of chlamydia in humans is sexual. Initially, the vagina begins to suffer. Gradually, the infection spreads to other organs of the reproductive system, from which adhesions arise. The situation threatens the development of infertility, cystitis, and inflammatory diseases of the uterus. Any unprotected intercourse becomes a source of infection inside.
Infection can occur from a sick mother to a child during its passage through the birth canal. Chlamydial conjunctivitis or pneumonia is very common. There is a possibility of transmission of infection during the gestation period.
The transmission of chlamydia infection by contact and household means is not excluded. The use of other people's personal hygiene items, dirty unwashed hands, visiting public toilets can cause illness. Bacteria can retain disease-causing activity outside the human body for up to two days.
Variety of species
In chlamydia, symptoms and treatment depend on the type of bacteria identified. There are the following types of chlamydia.
- Where does Chlamydia psittaci come from? This type of bacteria is transmitted by airborne droplets or through dust from birds. It is they who become carriers of the disease. The patient may develop inflammatory processes in the joints (arthritis), respiratory organs (pneumonia, bronchitis), kidneys (pyelonephritis), heart disease.
- Chlamydia pneumoniae is transmitted by airborne droplets from an infected person to a healthy person. Most often provokes respiratory infectious diseases.
- Chlamydophila felis primarily infects cats, causing runny nose and conjunctivitis. Can also be transmitted to humans.
- Most people are infected with Chlamydia trachomatis. This type of chlamydia leads to diseases of various body systems. The most common result of chlamydia trachomatis is damage to the urogenital organs.
Identifying the type of bacteria will help to further determine the way how chlamydia can be treated.
The manifestation of the disease
Diagnosis of the disease is difficult due to the fact that the symptoms of chlamydia are almost always absent. But the danger to the body is not reduced by this. The latent course of the disease leads to the development of severe consequences. Only a small percentage of the infected population show chlamydia symptoms.
In chlamydia, the incubation period can last from two weeks to a month. After this time, unpleasant symptoms may appear. How long does chlamydia manifest after sexual intercourse with a sick partner? Signs may appear after 10-14 days, provided that a condom was not used during intercourse.
The life cycle of chlamydia will look like this.
- Contact of microorganisms on the mucous surface of internal organs.
- Penetrating into the cells, chlamydia begins to multiply actively. After a couple of days, the cell in which the bacteria were active dies off.
- After the cells die, new microorganisms enter the space between the cells. Here the short cycle of chlamydia development continues. After that, they begin to invade new cells. In place of the dead cell, an inflammatory process occurs.
When chlamydia trachomatis is detected in women, the following diseases can develop.
Inflammation of the vaginal mucosa leads to the development of colpitis. The main signs of colpitis are painful, unpleasant sensations in the vaginal area. The disease can manifest itself as burning, discomfort, itching, discharge, pain in the lower abdomen and lower back. Body temperature rises slightly.
Damage to the cervix leads to cervicitis. A specialist on examination can note the increased size of the cervix, its swelling and inflamedness. A complication is the development of erosion.
There are several distinctive features of how chlamydia manifests itself.
- The acute period of the disease is characterized by the fact that the body temperature for a long time is kept at around 37.5 degrees.
- Pains of varying intensity appear, periodic or constant in the lumbar region and the tender part of the abdomen.
- Signs are associated with a violation of the urinary organs. Frequent, painful urge to urinate, stinging and tension at the end of urination are noted.
- Purulent vaginal discharge may appear. Sometimes the discharge can be yellowish or white. They are accompanied by an unpleasant pungent odor.
Chlamydial infection in men is characterized by pain not only in the abdomen, but also in the scrotum or testicles. Pain and burning during urination. Discharge may be detected, especially in the morning. With chlamydia trachomatis, the body temperature rarely rises above 37 degrees.
How to identify chlamydia? Conventional tests will not detect the disease. Most often, scraping is taken in the laboratory, but other diagnostic methods can be distinguished.
- There is a mini test for chlamydia that can be bought at the pharmacy. You can do the test at home. But the reliability of the results is low, only 15-20%.
- A general smear taken from the urethra in men, and from the cervix, vagina and urethra in women.
- Chlamydia in the blood is detected by ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The detected titer makes it possible to judge what stage of the disease occurs at the time of the test: chronic, acute, or the stage of remission.
- The detecting PCR method has the highest reliability (polymerase chain reaction).
- If chlamydia is found in the blood of the IgM group, it means that the disease is just beginning to gain momentum, and the acute phase begins.
- IgA titers indicate that the disease is progressing.
- If chlamydia is detected in the blood of the IgG group, one can judge the onset of the chronic stage.
The study takes an average of 5 days. Based on the test results, one can judge the stage of development of the disease. In accordance with this, the doctor prescribes treatment for chlamydia.
The treatment regimen for chlamydia depends on the state of immunity, intestinal microflora, and the presence of concomitant diseases. Chlamydia can be cured with a competent therapeutic approach.
Chlamydial infection is a bacterial disease, so antibiotics will be the mainstay of treatment. You need to choose only that treating antibacterial drug that acts at the intracellular level.
Treatment regimens for chlamydia, depending on the prescribed medication.
- How to get rid of chlamydia with Doxycycline? The medicine is used for uncomplicated forms of the disease. On the first day, take 0.2 g. Then, for 7-14 days, take 0.1 g twice a day.
- Treatment of chlamydia with Azithromycin is effective if the disease is sluggish. On the first day of treatment, 1 g is prescribed, on the second and third days, the dosage is reduced to 0.5 g. From 4 to 7 days, it is enough to drink 0.25 g.
- Helps with Chlamydia Erythromycin. Prescribe 500 mg up to 4 times a day. The duration of treatment is not less than a week.
- Ofloxacin is prescribed at a dosage of 300 mg twice a day. The course of treatment is a week.
- During chlamydia treatment, the drug Roxithromycin may be prescribed. He is prescribed 150 mg twice a day.
- Spiramycin is prescribed 3 million units three times a day for 7 days.
- If the chlamydial infection proceeds in a complicated form, then the drug Ciprofloxacin can help. In the first dose, the dosage is 500 mg, for the remaining nine days, 250 mg are taken.
Can chlamydia be cured forever? If the disease was detected in the early stages, then with effective treatment, after three weeks you can forget about the disease.
Is chlamydia permanently treated with a chronic course of the disease? If treatment is started late or is not carried out correctly, then the immune cells are depleted and stop fighting the infection. In this case, in addition to antibiotics, it is necessary to use immunomodulators (Interferon, Immunal), vitamins and anti-inflammatory drugs.
How to cure chlamydia requires an integrated approach. Antifungal medications, such as Nystatin or Fluconazole, are often needed together with antibiotics for a complete cure. Local antiseptics are prescribed. To eliminate the symptoms of dysbiosis, prebiotics are prescribed (Bifidumbacterin, Linex).
Do not self-medicate or change your doctor's recommendations. Modern medicines can cure the disease forever. Do not forget about preventive measures.
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