Chlamydia Pneumonia In Children: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention

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Chlamydia Pneumonia In Children: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention
Chlamydia Pneumonia In Children: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention

Video: Chlamydia Pneumonia In Children: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention

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Video: Pneumonia In Children - Signs, Causes & Prevention 2023, February
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Chlamydial pneumonia is a very dangerous disease of an infectious and inflammatory nature. This disease in newborns is a consequence of the transmission of chlamydial bacteria from mother to child during the passage of the baby through the birth canal or due to intrauterine infection. Chlamydial pneumonia manifests itself as a respiratory disease, accompanied by an unproductive cough, febrile and low-grade fever, and extrapulmonary symptoms.

Content

  • 1 Symptoms of chlamydial pneumonia
  • 2 Treatment
  • 3 Prevention of chlamydial pneumonia
  • 4 Conclusion

Chlamydial pneumonia symptoms

Unfortunately, this disease in the initial stages has similar symptoms with many respiratory diseases, so the following diseases can be misdiagnosed:

  • tracheitis;
  • rhinitis;
  • bronchitis
  • ARI.

The main symptoms in the presence of a disease in a child's body are:

  1. Profuse and unproductive cough that appears approximately 3 to 5 days after suspected infection. Initially, there is a dry and hard cough, which can subsequently transform into a wet cough with a clear hearing of phlegm. With the aggravation of the disease, coughing attacks become more frequent and prolonged.
  2. Mild fever. It can only last for a few days, usually in older children. Over time, the temperature independently normalizes without any reason, but as the disease progresses, the temperature rises again to subfebrile.
  3. Frequent headaches of varying intensity, which can be deployed both in the frontal and occipital lobes, and in the temporal, ear region.
  4. Noticeable malaise and joint pain
  5. Pain in the chest, aggravated by coughing. When listening, you may experience wet wheezing just above the lungs.
  6. In some cases, there is a rash covering the eardrums and mucous membranes.
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Unfortunately, the symptoms of chlamydial pneumonia are so similar to many other respiratory diseases that, without additional tests, it can very easily be confused with ordinary acute respiratory infections. Nevertheless, it is a sharp and hacking cough that is considered the main symptom by which a specialist can recognize chlamydial pneumonia developing in a child's body. In almost 50% of diagnosed cases, children have concomitant conjunctivitis of the eye, which only confirms the diagnosis.

Treatment

In fact, there is simply no single treatment regimen for chlamydia pneumonia in children, since many factors must be taken into account in the fight against this disease. The treatment process will directly depend on the age and weight of the potential patient, the medical history and health status of the child, as well as the possible presence of other concomitant diseases.

In most cases, a minimum of two weeks of antibiotics are prescribed, selected in such a way as to minimize the possible negative side effects on the child's body. After undergoing a two-week antibiotic treatment, if necessary, treatment continues with the change of drugs to another group of drugs.

Macrolide antibiotics are used to treat babies up to 6 months of age. These drugs are considered the safest and are allowed for infants and pregnant women with little or no complications. They act in such a way that they disrupt protein production in the cells of harmful microorganisms. In addition, macrolides work as immunomodulators and are able to have an anti-inflammatory effect on the body, increasing the fidelity of the complete destruction of harmful microorganisms. With the help of drugs of this type, certain oxidative processes that affect tissues and the pathological microorganisms themselves are inhibited.

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Treatment of uncomplicated forms of chlamydial pneumonia in most cases lasts up to 3 weeks, and medium dosages of drugs are prescribed. Reducing antibiotic use bypassing specialist prescriptions increases the likelihood of relapse.

If the disease becomes severe, then drug treatment is recommended with the introduction of drugs intravenously. Since chlamydiae can affect the anti-infectious resistance of the body, proper functioning of the humoral and cellular immune systems is important for a complete cure from the disease. This is due to the fact that these pathological microorganisms can be located not only inside cells, but also directly on their surface, thereby complicating the fight against the disease.

Prevention of chlamydial pneumonia

Unfortunately, there is no vaccine against pathogens of this kind of pneumonia, this is due to the fact that chlamydial pneumonia has a high immunogenicity of antibodies. That is why, in order to avoid infecting a child with such a disease, it is necessary to exclude communication with a sick person, since this disease is easily transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one. It is also necessary to pay special attention to thorough and frequent washing of the child's hands after public transport or crowded places.

In order for the child's body to be able to protect itself from infection with chlamydial pneumonia during unplanned contact with a carrier of the disease, it is necessary to regularly strengthen the child's body and increase immunity. The use of foods with a high vitamin content in the child's diet is considered a prerequisite for protecting the baby.

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If a disease is diagnosed, all the prescriptions of a specialist should be followed and all the necessary tests should be passed, since it is on the basis of the results obtained that a treatment regimen will be drawn up. In order for the scheme to be effective, it must be carefully followed. This is an important measure to further exclude relapse and protect the child from unwanted complications that may be caused by poor adherence to the treatment schedule.

Output

Chlamydial pneumonia is a very serious disease that has many ways of transmission from a sick person to a healthy person, and it is quite difficult to diagnose. To keep the child safe, it is very important to follow the rules of personal hygiene and carefully, and most importantly, often wash the baby's hands after visiting crowded places and public transport.

In order for the child's body to be able to fight infection during transmission from a sick person, it is necessary to increase immunity and use foods with a high content of vitamins in the diet. You cannot ignore the recommendations of specialists, and if necessary, do not refuse an additional list of analyzes. It is important to remember that the child's health is in the hands of the parents.

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