Table of contents:
- The provoking factors of the disease
- Characteristic manifestations
- Research in laboratory conditions
- Therapeutic actions
- Preventive measures
Video: Ureaplasma In Women: Symptoms And Treatment, From Which It Appears
The pathogenic microorganism ureaplasma provokes inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system. In some women, these bacteria are part of the natural microflora of the vagina and do not pose a health hazard. But if immunity decreases, the number of bacteria begins to increase. Ureaplasma in women can be asymptomatic for a long time.
- 1 Provoking factors of the disease
- 2 Characteristic manifestations
- 3 Research in laboratory conditions
- 4 Therapeutic actions
- 5 Preventive measures
The provoking factors of the disease
What is ureaplasma? This is a microorganism that is part of the pathogenic sphere. It takes an intermediate place between viruses and bacteria. As a rule, it causes inflammatory diseases of the reproductive and urinary organs.
Symptoms and treatment are in most cases similar to those of any other bacterial infection. If the immunity is strong, there are no chronic diseases, the intestinal microflora is normal, then women will not have symptoms of ureaplasma.
Ureaplasma appears in a healthy person through unprotected intercourse with a sick partner. There is a possibility of transmission of infection from mother to fetus during pregnancy, as well as during the passage of the child through the birth canal. Rarely, but it is possible, contamination by contact and everyday life. Often ureaplasma, mycoplasma and chlamydia exist in the body at the same time.
The risk of infection with this pathogenic microorganism increases with frequent use of antibacterial drugs, in the presence of inflammatory diseases of the genital organs or sexually transmitted diseases.
All women who have colpitis, cervicitis, adnexitis, cystitis, pyelonephritis and other diseases are given a direction to identify ureaplasma.
What are the similarities and differences between ureaplasmosis and chlamydia? You can get infected both through household and sexually. The genitourinary system is mainly affected. But unlike ureaplasma, chlamydia can affect the mucous membrane of all internal organs. These bacteria lead to serious complications, including infertility. In addition, the female body becomes unable to bear the child normally.
There are several reasons why ureaplasma in women becomes pathological and causes ureaplasmosis:
- decreased immunity caused by frequent illnesses;
- may appear as a result of hormonal disorders;
- surgical interventions on the reproductive organs;
- the presence of an intrauterine device;
- frequent change of sexual partners;
- the appearance of pathogenic microorganisms is associated with repeated miscarriages or abortions.
The incubation period is long. The first signs may appear only after three weeks, or even several months. The symptoms of ureaplasmosis in women are not specific, therefore, additional examination is required.
The following main types of ureaplasma can be distinguished.
- Ureaplasma parvum in women belongs to opportunistic bacteria and can be found in the body of a healthy person. The bacterium is slightly larger than the virus. The habitat is the mucous membrane of the genitourinary organs. With a decrease in immunity, long-term chronic inflammatory processes develop.
- Ureaplasmosis in women of the urealiticum species. Microbes of this class can penetrate blood cells and reproductive organs. Often the consequence of this type of microbes is infertility and the destruction of immunity.
Regardless of the type of bacteria, the most common symptoms of ureaplasma in women can be distinguished. They are no different from the symptoms of chlamydia.
- Burning, discomfort, pain during urination.
- The main symptom of any infectious and inflammatory process of the genital organs in women is discharge. With ureaplasma, white or colorless discharge of varying intensity is observed.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, lower back.
- Rarely, there is an increase in body temperature up to 37-37.5 degrees.
- Discomfort may appear during sexual intercourse.
Symptoms in women may worsen with the onset of the menstrual cycle, when estrogen is actively produced.
The course of chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis depends on many factors. The disease can progress against the background of constant nervous stress, colds, frequent use of antibiotics.
Ureaplasma and infertility are two interrelated things. A chronic inflammatory process in the fallopian tubes leads to the fact that the sex cells stop actively moving along them. Often with ureaplasmosis, an ectopic pregnancy is diagnosed. While carrying a child, there may be a miscarriage or premature birth.
Research in laboratory conditions
Ureaplasma in women, like other infections transmitted during sexual intercourse, is detected in the study of biomaterial in laboratory conditions.
- A general smear taken from the mucous surface of the urinary tract, vagina and cervix.
- The ELISA method (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) detects antibodies to the pathogen in the blood.
- Bacteriological culture is performed on the basis of a smear taken from the cervix. The study also determines the sensitivity of microbes to antibiotics. The result of the analysis will have to wait about a week.
- The most reliable and reliable method for detecting chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, is the PCR method (polymerase chain reaction). The result can be obtained on the day of the analysis.
The norm is when the number of titers does not exceed 10 4 CFU per 1 ml. If the value exceeds this indicator, then they talk about the pathological activity of bacteria. A normal PCR result indicating recovery should be negative.
Treatment of ureaplasma parvum in women is based on antibiotic therapy. You need to treat only with those antibiotics that act on intracellular microorganisms.
- Tetracycline antibiotics: Tetracycline, Doxycycline.
- Macrolide group: Azithromycin (Klacid, Sumamed).
- Lincosamides: Clindamycin, Lincomycin.
The treatment regimen for ureaplasma depends on the prescribed antibiotic.
- Doxycycline is taken twice a day, 100 mg for a week.
- Azithromycin on the first day is prescribed once 1 g. During the remaining 6 days they drink 0.5 g once a day.
- Josamycin is drunk for a week twice a day for 0.5 g. This medicinal drug can be prescribed during pregnancy.
- Erythromycin is prescribed 0.5 g four times a day. The duration of treatment is 7-10 days.
In the presence of ureaplasma in women, symptoms, treatment should be comprehensive. In addition to antibiotics, the treatment of ureaplasmosis includes other drugs:
- immunomodulators (Interferon, Viferon, Lysozyme, Cycloferon).
- antifungal and antiprotozoal drugs (Nystatin, Fluconazole).
- agents that improve the intestinal microflora (Linex, Bifiform, Bifidumbacterin).
- vitamins and minerals.
Treatment of ureaplasma in women is often accompanied by the use of rectal and vaginal suppositories. Genferon, Terzhinan, Geksikon are often prescribed.
- Genferon relieves inflammation, fights bacteria and improves immunity. Reduces the manifestations of burning, cramps.
- Suppositories Geksikon have antiseptic properties.
- Suppositories Terzhinan have antibacterial and antifungal properties. It also contains components that relieve pain and inflammation.
During the period of treatment, you must follow a diet. Products that create a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria (fried, spicy, salty, smoked foods) are excluded. Sexual intercourse is excluded.
Ureaplasma is a sexually transmitted infection. There is primary and secondary prevention.
Primary prevention includes rules that apply to all other sexually transmitted infections.
- The use of condoms during intercourse.
- Having a permanent partner.
- Exclusion of promiscuous sexual intercourse.
- After unprotected intercourse with an unverified partner, an antiseptic should be used to irrigate the vagina.
Secondary prevention is based on increasing immunity:
- compliance with the rules of personal hygiene;
- proper, nutritious food;
- the use of vitamin complexes;
- preventive examination and examination by a gynecologist.
Taking care of your health will help you avoid many diseases. Do not panic with a positive test result. Modern medicines will help you quickly get rid of pathogens.