Demodectic Mange Of The Scalp: Treatment And Symptoms

Table of contents:

Demodectic Mange Of The Scalp: Treatment And Symptoms
Demodectic Mange Of The Scalp: Treatment And Symptoms

Video: Demodectic Mange Of The Scalp: Treatment And Symptoms

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Pet Care: Demodex (a common mite found in dogs) 2023, February
Anonim

Demodectic mange of the head develops on the hairy areas of the skin. The cause of the disease is microscopic demodex mites. The waste products of harmful mites irritate the skin, rash and swelling appear. Moreover, the risk of an allergic reaction is high. The demodex mite can be transmitted from one person to another, for example, when combing with one comb. Subcutaneous mites are a fairly common occurrence; almost every person has them. In order to prevent the development of the disease, prevention must be observed.

Content

  • 1 Demodex mite
  • 2 Demodecosis
  • 3 Symptoms
  • 4 Treatment
  • 5 Diet
  • 6 Shampoo for demodicosis
  • 7 Prevention

Demodex mite

Demodex is a worm-like parasite with microscopic jaws and claws. For normal life, parasites need areas of the skin where there are many sebaceous glands, since the mite feeds on sebum. In this case, the scalp is the ideal place. Oily and porous skin promotes the active development of the parasite.

The demodex mite, which is the cause of the disease, is microscopic in size; it will not be possible to distinguish it with the naked eye

The hair mite does not always lead to pathology. The parasite can reside in healthy skin cells and not manifest itself in any way. The human immune system allows you to keep the parasite under control and prevents it from actively multiplying. With a decrease in immunity and disruptions in the endocrine system, the number of parasites increases, mites begin to penetrate deeper into the skin tissues, which leads to the development of demodicosis.

Scalp peeling, dandruff, hair loss in most cases indicates a progressive demodicosis.

Demodecosis

To determine the disease and make a final diagnosis, you will need to study its symptoms, as well as conduct a special examination using magnifying equipment. Scraping from the scalp is taken for analysis, as well as the secretory fluid of the sebaceous glands. Both mites and eggs can be found in these tissues and fluids.

Image
Image

Tick ​​activity occurs under the influence of the following factors:

  • weakened immunity;
  • the presence of HIV infection;
  • trichomoniasis;
  • a disease of the digestive system;
  • improper nutrition;
  • stress and depression;
  • smoking;
  • frequent visits to the sauna and solarium, where, under the influence of heat, parasites begin their activity;
  • metabolic disease.

In those areas of the skin where mites have settled, the skin becomes bumpy, it swells, becomes inflamed, and may become covered with a rash.

Demodectic mange has a negative effect on the condition of the hair:

Image
Image
  • swelling and induration appear at the hair roots;
  • hair becomes dull and brittle;
  • hair at the root is covered with white scales;
  • hair begins to fall out first in certain areas, then over the entire head.

Most often, women are exposed to the disease. Improperly selected cosmetic preparations, hormonal imbalance, chemicals that are part of hair dyes complicate the course of the disease.

Ticks show their activity mainly in the summer, when the air temperature rises, while in winter they almost do not cause trouble

Scalp demodicosis is a contagious disease. Ticks can be transmitted through household contact. Therefore, it is not recommended to use someone else's comb, a shared towel.

Symptoms

Demodectic mange progresses when parasites begin to actively develop and multiply. At the initial stage, the disease is treatable. The more the disease is started, the more difficult it will be to get rid of it. In order to cope with a problem, you should know how it manifests itself.

Demodectic mange of the scalp has the following symptoms:

  • itching;
  • peeling;
  • copious amounts of dandruff;
  • hair loss;
  • seals in the form of bumps on the head;
  • hair, even after frequent washing, quickly becomes greasy.

Treatment

The correct treatment plan can only be prescribed by the attending physician. The course of therapy is complex, it is aimed at eliminating all symptoms. With demodicosis of the scalp, treatment is carried out in several directions:

Image
Image
  • destruction of the demodex mite;
  • increasing the body's immune defense;
  • elimination of the symptoms of the disease and the reasons that provoked it.

You can influence the causative agent of the disease with the help of such drugs:

  • Demalan (cream);
  • Spregal (cream);
  • Sulfuric ointment;
  • Metronidazole.

If there is a complication in the form of a purulent infection, then antibacterial drugs such as Levomycetin, Tetracycline will be required.

Most often, local drugs are used to treat the disease

In pharmacies, there are special shampoos with which you can get rid of ticks and cure the disease. These shampoos include:

  • Demodex Complex;
  • Demodex Ovante;
  • Manting.

To finally cope with Demodecosis, it will be enough to simply destroy the tick. The subcutaneous mite is very common with a high chance of re-infection. Therefore, it is important to eliminate precisely those factors that affect the activity of parasites.

Drug therapy can be supplemented with other treatments. In modern medicine, laser, cryotherapy, and nitrogen exposure are actively used to eliminate this ailment.

Diet

One of the main factors that provoke the development of Demodexes is unhealthy diet. That is why, in order to prevent the onset of the disease, it is required to revise the diet and remove some foods from it. It is not recommended to use:

Image
Image
  • alcohol;
  • spicy food;
  • carbonated drinks.

Fried and smoked food adversely affects the condition of the skin, increases the production of fat by the sebaceous glands. And this is one of the favorable factors for the development of demodex mites.

The abundance of sugary foods is also an excellent breeding ground for mites.

The condition can be normalized with products such as:

  • vegetables;
  • porridge;
  • milk products;
  • lean fish varieties;
  • iodized salt.

Drinking plenty of fluids helps cleanse the body. Green tea will be very useful in this case.

Shampoo for demodicosis

As an additional medicine, you can use a special shampoo that will help cope with the disease. To eliminate parasites in pharmacies are presented:

Image
Image
  • Demodex Complex shampoo - effectively combats parasites, it can also be used as a prophylactic agent;
  • Stop Demodex - heals the scalp, relieves inflammation and irritation;
  • Manting - shampoo from China, based on natural medicinal plants, restores hair roots and scalp, helps to deal with mites.

Do not use just one shampoo for treatment. Treatment should be comprehensive

Prevention

To avoid tick infestation, you must follow the rules of personal hygiene. In no case should you use someone else's comb, use not your own bedding and bath accessories.

It is very important to maintain normal immunity, take medications that strengthen the body.

Proper balanced nutrition will help prevent the development of the disease

Feather pillows can accumulate Demodexes. In this case, after the treatment, the risk of re-infection is very high. Therefore, it is better to give preference to pillows with synthetic fillers. After washing, the pillowcases will be ironed.

Demodectic mange is an unpleasant ailment. To prevent its development, it is necessary to follow the rules of prevention. And if you still could not protect yourself, then when the first symptoms appear, it is important to go to the doctor and start taking measures to eliminate the problem.

Popular by topic