Anisakidosis: Treatment, Symptoms And Diagnosis In Humans

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Anisakidosis: Treatment, Symptoms And Diagnosis In Humans
Anisakidosis: Treatment, Symptoms And Diagnosis In Humans
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Where did this disease come from, and how is anisacidosis treated? The source of the disease is fish infected with helminth larvae, both freshwater and marine, as well as crabs, mussels and shrimps.

Content

  • 1 The main clinical symptoms of this disease
  • 2 Principles of treatment of anisacidosis
  • 3 Alternative medicine for anisacidosis

This disease has been quite common for the last 10-15 years, and this is due to the fact that Japanese cuisine has been very relevant in the last decade, and most of its dishes consist of fish products that do not require proper heat treatment

The main clinical symptoms of this disease

Further manifestations and symptoms of anisakidosis directly depend on in which part of the body, in which organ the helminth is localized and parasitized. If it is mainly the stomach, then the infected person shows the following symptoms:

  • acute or spastic pain in the epigastric region;
  • nausea, vomiting, sometimes small blood clots can be seen in the vomit;
  • an increase in body temperature, first to small numbers, but gradually to 39-40 ° C, fever;
  • allergic rashes on the hands, neck, abdomen or lower extremities of the "urticaria" type - associated with an excess in the human body of toxins released during the life of helminths;
  • swelling of the upper and lower extremities, less often the soft tissues of the throat;
  • sore throat, unproductive dry cough - associated with the migratory activity of worms in the body;
  • pain and heaviness in the chest.

In this case, the clinical manifestations may be as follows:

  • regular cramps in the abdomen, cramps in the intestines, pain and heaviness around the navel;
  • bloating, rumbling intestines;
  • bowel disturbances, diarrhea may alternate with constipation. Blood clots and mucus can often be seen in the stool. They appear due to worms damage to the intestinal mucosa.
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It is very important to pay attention to all these manifestations and respond appropriately - immediately contact a specialist. Especially if a person is a lover of raw and semi-raw fish, then anisakidosis is the first thing that can be suspected in oneself with such pronounced symptoms.

Anisakidosis is very pronounced in the acute phase, it is simply impossible not to notice the symptoms. But it often happens that the acute period lasts for several days, then fades away, but the cause of the disease, that is, the helminth, has not gone anywhere from the infected person's body, and the disease flows into a chronic form when the infected person does not feel any unpleasant sensations. And the life of helminths goes on as usual, and the following complications gradually appear:

  • inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract - peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, colitis, enteritis;
  • acute intestinal obstruction caused by the plexus of the bodies of large individuals of helminths in a kind of tangles and blockage of the intestinal lumen;
  • peritonitis - purulent inflammation of the peritoneum caused by prolonged activity of helminths in the gastrointestinal tract and mechanical defects of the mucous membranes of the small and large intestines;
  • rashes on the skin, decreased immunity - the result of poisoning the body with worm toxins.

Treatment principles for anisacidosis

There are two types of therapy for anisacidosis:

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  1. Conservative (drug) therapy;
  2. Operative intervention.

Surgical treatment of this type of disease is carried out when the disease is at a very advanced stage, when there are severe complications - the above-described peritonitis or acute intestinal obstruction. In these cases, medications are powerless, the patient is urgently operated on.

When a person listened to his body and reacted in time, it is quite possible to cure anisakidosis with drugs. The main remedies for the treatment of anisacidosis are:

  1. Thiabendazole is a wonderful and effective modern remedy in the fight against this type of helminthic invasion. The drug not only paralyzes the helminths, but also completely blocks the flow of enzymes that the helminths feed on. Thiabendazole also interferes with the reproductive function of worms. It is necessary to take the drug one tablet three times a day. The duration of the course of therapy is 2-3 days. If necessary, treatment with Tiabendazole is prescribed again after a month - depending on the degree and duration of the disease;
  2. Dekaris is an equally effective drug that removes helminths even after a single use. Paralyzes the muscles of parasites, as a result of which they are unable to attach to the walls of organs. As a result of paralysis, helminths gradually die and are freely withdrawn outside during bowel movements. A single dose of Decaris for an adult is 150 mg. It is better to take it in the evening during meals and with plenty of water. If necessary, the course of treatment is repeated after 10-14 days.

Side effects of Tiabendazole and Decaris:

  • nausea, vomiting;
  • hypotension;
  • chills, weakness;
  • perverted sense of smell and taste;
  • headache.

Contraindications for use:

  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • allergic reactions to any of the components of the drugs;
  • chronic renal and hepatic failure;
  • decreased hemoglobin (anemia).

Alternative medicine for anisakidosis

Folk recipes are an excellent treatment for anisakidosis. Of course, if you correctly follow all the recommendations and do not apply all the known tips at the same time.

It is unlikely that such therapy will replace drug treatment, but if you combine folk recipes and conservative therapy, you can achieve a wonderful result. Of course, all this can be done only after approval by a specialist.

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Here are some tips for treating anisacidosis with folk remedies.

  1. Hot chilli peppers are a very effective remedy in the fight against many types of helminthiases. It is also used as a prophylaxis for helminthic invasion. Hot pepper perfectly relieves the infected body of the waste products of parasites. Of course, it must be used within reasonable limits, otherwise there is a risk of acquiring gastritis or ulcers. Contraindications to treatment with this method are: ulcerative colitis, gastritis, liver and duodenal ulcer;
  2. Daily intake of black pepper. Black pepper not only stimulates the digestive processes, but also has a detrimental effect on helminthic invasion. It is necessary to use ground black pepper for the treatment of anisacidosis at 100-200 mg daily for 1-2 weeks. Contraindications are chronic diseases of the stomach and intestines - ulcers, enterocolitis, gastritis;
  3. Wormwood herb. An excellent method for expelling intestinal parasites. A decoction is made from the herb and used as an enema. The broth should be at a temperature of 37-38 degrees, 200 ml of liquid is enough for one enema. With the help of an enema pear, the broth is introduced into the intestines, then it must be kept inside for at least 10 minutes in order to achieve the maximum effect. The procedure can be carried out daily at night for 7-10 days;
  4. Wormwood and pumpkin seeds. This combination effectively rid the body of parasites. Wormwood leaves crushed in a blender must be mixed with the same amount of crushed pumpkin seeds. Pour the resulting mixture into a liter jar and pour it with two glasses of vodka. Close the jar with a lid and let it stand for a week in a warm room, preferably near a radiator or in the sun. The tincture should be taken twice a day before meals, 50 ml. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks;
  5. Lemon or orange peel. Treatment with citrus peel leads to the death of parasitic helminths and quickly removes them from the body.
  6. It is quite simple to use this method: a small piece of the peel, either fresh or dried, must be eaten on an empty stomach, while chewing very thoroughly. After that you can have breakfast only after one and a half to two hours. Lemon kernels are also a good deworming agent. To take them, you need to crush them (in the amount of 3-4 grains) to a powdery state, and then swallow them with water. You need to take such a remedy twice a day before meals for a week.

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