Types Of Worms In Cats (photo And Description): Name And Methods Of Treatment

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Types Of Worms In Cats (photo And Description): Name And Methods Of Treatment
Types Of Worms In Cats (photo And Description): Name And Methods Of Treatment

Video: Types Of Worms In Cats (photo And Description): Name And Methods Of Treatment

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Identify Worms in a Cat 2023, February
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  • Types of worms

    • Hookworm
    • Ascaris
    • Toxocars
    • Cucumber tapeworm
    • Wide ribbon
    • Hepatic fluke
  • Treatment of helminthiasis
  • Prevention of invasion
  • You can defeat parasites!

Worms are common in cats. They are infected not only by animals that go out into the street, but also by those who lead a domestic lifestyle. Infection occurs when a cat comes into contact with the owner's shoes or with other objects brought from the street and inseminated eggs of worms. Pet infection leads to dysfunction in the body, but it is worth remembering that these same parasites can also infect the owner.

In this article, we will look at the main types of worms in cats, which can harm not only the pet itself, but also its owner. The topic of the treatment of these parasites will also be briefly touched upon.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Types of worms

There is a wide variety of parasitic worms in nature, but the most common infections in cats are round or flat worms. Round parasites include hookworms, roundworms, toxocaras, flat - tapeworms (cucumber tapeworm, broad tapeworm, cestodes) and trematodes (liver flukes).

Most often, parasites are found when the owner notices changes in the behavior of the animal: it becomes lethargic, his appetite increases or, on the contrary, disappears, and the coat looks unkempt. These are not all the symptoms of the disease, each type of parasite affects the vital activity of the animal in its own way.

Hookworm

This type of worms colonizes the intestines of the cat. The invasion occurs through the oral cavity. Larvae and sexually mature individuals feed on blood. The main signs of infection are persistent thirst, vomiting, diarrhea with bloody discharge, barking cough, lethargy and decreased appetite.

Hookworm
Hookworm
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Ascaris

The most common type of infestation in cats. It is easily transmitted from animal to person if personal hygiene is not followed. These are round helminths tapering towards the end of the tail. There are ten-centimeter individuals. Found in animal stool or vomit. The disease is manifested by chronic stool disorder, poor appetite, gagging, and decreased physical activity.

If a kitten becomes infected, then it has a characteristic appearance: tousled coat, thinness with a bloated tummy, and increased appetite.

Ascaris habitat is the gastrointestinal tract, but some species can settle in the biliary tract and pancreas.

ascaris
ascaris
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Toxocars

Some individuals of this species reach fifteen centimeters in length. The main danger with this lesion is that the worms are able to inhabit all the internal organs of the cat, and in the absence of anthelmintic therapy, serious illnesses can develop, ultimately leading to death. This disease has no characteristic symptoms, especially in the initial stage.

However, the animal still develops digestive disorders (constipation or diarrhea), weight loss, dandruff, lymph nodes may increase, the animal becomes more prone to allergies, which manifests itself in the form of hives, itching.

Toxocars
Toxocars
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Cucumber tapeworm

It affects the intestines of a pet, attaching to the intestinal mucosa and sucking nutrients through it. Can reach thirty centimeters in length. With invasion, the animal becomes apathetic, irritable, loses weight, suffers from stool disorder, abdominal pain. A person can also become infected with this type of helminths, and the length of the parasite can reach fifty centimeters.

Cucumber tapeworm
Cucumber tapeworm
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Wide ribbon

Not only cats are infected with the tapeworm, this type of helminth is found in almost all animals and humans.

The place of colonization of this parasite is the small intestine. Getting into it as a larva, it attaches with the help of sharp hooks to the intestinal wall and, feeding on blood, grows in a cat's body up to two meters in size, and in a human body it can reach eleven meters.

As the parasite grows, the pet becomes more and more lethargic, apathetic, the work of the gastrointestinal tract is disrupted, and weight decreases.

Wide ribbon
Wide ribbon
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Wide ribbon

Hepatic fluke

The parasite is small and localized in the liver of the animal, but sometimes it is found in the pancreas or stomach. The behavior of an invasive cat is manifested by an unstable appetite, vomiting of bile (yellow masses), loose stools, and fever. It should be borne in mind that a person is also susceptible to this disease.

When the above symptoms appear, the owner should contact a veterinary clinic to diagnose the animal for the presence of a disease or for carriage. It is not worth making an independent decision about which medications a pet needs for prophylaxis, since it is possible that the drug you choose will not have a therapeutic effect on this type of helminths.

Hepatic fluke
Hepatic fluke
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Hepatic fluke

Treatment of helminthiasis

After examining the animal, carrying out the necessary research, the veterinarian will prescribe a drug. It should be borne in mind that in case of massive damage by helminths, treatment should be approached taking into account the possible development of various allergic reactions and intoxication that occur during the decomposition of parasites.

For treatment, drugs of a wide spectrum of action are used, acting on several types of helminths at once. The prescribed dosage should be observed and the drug should be taken only in the absence of contraindications.

Common broad-spectrum anthelmintic drugs affecting round and tape helminths are:

  • Prazicide;
  • Drontal;
  • Pratel (against round and tape helminths);
  • Kaniquantel;
  • Pirantel.
Kaniquantel
Kaniquantel
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Before treatment, you should treat the cat from external parasites, which are carriers of some types of helminths.

When giving the drug to an animal, make sure that the drug is completely swallowed. If problems arise, you can dissolve the drug in a little water and inject it into the cat's mouth using a syringe (no needle).

When using the drug, contraindications should be taken into account: pregnancy, milk feeding, weakened animal organism, exhaustion, concomitant infectious disease.

Prevention of invasion

For the prevention of helminthiasis, veterinarians recommend following the following rules:

  • deworming a pet at least once every three months, especially before vaccination or mating;
  • regularly treat the cat from external parasites;
  • feed the animal with proven food, special food;
  • observe hygiene rules and promptly clean up the trays behind the animals.

If you follow these simple rules, you will make life much easier for your pet and yourself. Remember that almost all helminths live in the human body, and not all of them can be diagnosed and 100% cured. Take care of yourself and your pet!

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