Table of contents:
- Why are there white lumps in the baby's feces?
- Pathological causes
- See a doctor?
- What should be normal bowel movements in a newborn
- What to do?
Video: White Lumps In Feces In Babies, Why Do They Appear
- Why are there white lumps in the baby's feces?
- Infectious diseases
- Non-communicable diseases
- See a doctor?
- What should be normal bowel movements in a newborn
- What to do?
- You can defeat parasites!
The appearance of a baby is a great miracle and happiness for every family. However, during this period, parents are faced with a large number of issues in education and health preservation.
Not all changes indicate the presence of serious diseases. White lumps in a baby's feces can be very scary for parents. Is this really a reason for experience and what state of feces can be considered normal.
What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>
Each child is unique, therefore, after birth, the gastrointestinal tract continues the process of formation. This takes a different period of time. In some cases, it takes several years for the digestive system to start functioning properly.
It has been scientifically established that only in an eight-year-old child the stomach and intestines function as in an adult. Until that time, you must be extremely careful in choosing a diet.
Otherwise, the risk of various eating disorders increases. White lumps in a baby's feces can be triggered by various malfunctions.
It is necessary to take into account additional symptoms that may occur in a newborn.
Most often, grains in the feces of an infant indicate his overeating. To eliminate a negative symptom, it is enough to reduce the portion for the next day. However, one should not forget about meeting needs. If the food is poorly digested, then there will be small particles in the baby's stool.
In the stomach and intestines, the process of splitting individual components with the help of special enzymes takes place. After birth, the child's body is only at the stage of formation, so it may lack certain elements. In this case, many individual parts are excreted in the feces.
Why are there white lumps in the baby's feces?
White lumps in feces in babies are not uncommon. As a rule, they look like curdled grains.
For babies who are breastfed, the appearance of white grains indicates, as a rule, overeating or high fat content of breast milk. Significant weight gain will also indicate this. The previous portion of breast milk has not yet had time to be properly absorbed by the body of the crumbs, as the new one has already arrived. This causes the appearance of white grains.
Feces with white lumps in infants on IV (artificial feeding) appear, as a rule, during the period of changing the diet. This can be the introduction of a new mixture, complementary foods, or a new complementary food product. That is why it is important to introduce new products gradually, gradually increasing their quantity by 10 grams.
As soon as the white lumps in the feces of the baby disappear, then we can say that the baby's body has adapted to the new product. Otherwise, you should choose the mixture that will be more suitable for the child. Often, the cause of the appearance of white lumps can also be the banal overeating of a bottle-fed baby.
White lumps in the feces of a baby, as an alarm signal, arise:
- With lactose intolerance. In parallel, frequent bowel movements are observed (more than 10 times a day), feces are very liquid, watery, foamy. A strict diet is required for a nursing mother, and for a baby - consultation and examination by a specialist. As a result of confirming the diagnosis, artificial people are transferred to lactose-free mixtures, and lactase enzymes are added to a portion of expressed milk.
- With intestinal dysbiosis. With this ailment, there are many white lumps in the feces of the baby, and they are quite large. In parallel, there is a lack of weight, diarrhea, an unpleasant odor, greenish mucus, feces often change color and consistency. Such symptoms are the reason for urgent consultation with the treating pediatrician and gastroenterologist. The child needs treatment and restoration of normal intestinal microflora.
- With helminthic invasions, most often pinworms. Worms in infants are a rather rare occurrence, but nevertheless, sometimes they appear, especially in children living in unfavorable conditions. Such worms as pinworms coagulate into lumps, and it is their parents who observe in the feces. In addition, the baby becomes moody, does not sleep well, there is an increase in temperature and other alarming symptoms. The main condition for treating a baby is compliance with sanitary standards and the intake of anthelmintic drugs by all family members and pets.
- Infectious inflammation in the stomach or intestines of the baby. With such a disappointing diagnosis, white clots and grains in the feces, mucus, foam, and blood impurities are observed. The child has severe abdominal pain that worsens during bowel movements, a sharp increase in body temperature, crying, regurgitation, weight loss. Such ailments require immediate medical attention and are treated only in a hospital setting.
You can learn more about the baby's stool and its violations from the video
Prevention of the appearance of third-party impurities in the feces of babies:
- optimization of the feeding regime;
- competent selection and correct replacement of the formula for feeding;
- smooth and gradual introduction of the first complementary foods and new complementary foods;
- thorough hygiene of all adults with access to the baby and keeping the room clean;
- monthly preventive examinations by a pediatrician;
- attentive attitude to the child's condition and to any unusual manifestations in his behavior, deviations from the usual indicators of health, including stool (frequency, consistency, color, blotches, and so on).
There are also more dangerous causes of white grains in a baby's stool. Often this is how diseases of the digestive system manifest themselves. Distinguish between diseases that are caused by infection, viruses, pathogenic bacteria and disorders associated with the characteristics of the body. It is important to monitor the general condition of the baby and consult a doctor in a timely manner.
Sometimes impurities in feces result from infectious diseases:
- Hepatitis. A rare but possible cause of stool change. In children under one year old, type A disease occurs very infrequently, infection is possible only through contact with a sick person or with gross non-compliance with hygiene rules. Symptoms are similar to colds, and digestive upset may occur. A characteristic sign of any type of hepatitis in children is dark urine, then feces brighten, while the color of the stool is white, closer to gray. Babies sometimes develop hepatitis B, which is spread through the blood. A feature of the virus is a long incubation period - up to six months. Manifestations begin in the form of general malaise, sleep disturbances, and loss of appetite. Children who already attend children's groups can also become infected with hepatitis A. From the distinctive manifestations: dark urine and yellowness, but yellow skin color appears only in 10% of cases.If there are suspicions, laboratory tests are performed to help determine if there is a virus in the blood.
- Rotavirus infection is a highly contagious viral disease. Symptoms: high body temperature, general deterioration, catarrhal phenomena (sore throat, stuffy nose), severe intoxication (manifested by vomiting, lethargy, headache, drowsiness). Dangerous disease is dehydration, and the smaller the child, the higher the danger. Laboratory tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis.
- Whipple's disease. A rare disease, the nature of which is not fully understood, therefore, it can be attributed to infectious. The child's feces turn light gray and become more frequent up to 10 times a day, have a pungent odor. The temperature also rises. Traces of blood and mucus are found in the stool. Inflammation of the lymph nodes and joints is characteristic, anemia develops.
Stool is also disturbed in non-communicable diseases:
- Dysbacteriosis. In the intestine, under the influence of viruses, drugs, new food, as a result of a change in the diet of a nursing mother, or with a general weakening of the body, the balance between "bad" and "good" bacteria is disturbed. Main manifestation: intestinal upset. Dysbiosis is characterized by light stools with fragments of undigested food and mucus. Feces have an unpleasant, pungent odor. The baby may be disturbed by bloating, colic, skin rash.
- Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). It can develop in children of any age, which is associated with age-related vulnerability of the digestive system. It often occurs when new products are not introduced in time to the diet of crumbs, as well as early or excessive consumption of sweets, especially those containing chocolate. Symptoms: light colored stools, abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting and nausea, thirst. To make a diagnosis, an ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs is necessary.
- Curl of the gallbladder (we recommend reading: what to do if the child has a curvature of the gallbladder?). The anatomical feature of the structure of the organ in some people. When bending, it is sometimes difficult for bile to enter the intestines. As a result, the stool turns white. The diagnosis is confirmed by ultrasound.
- Inflammatory bowel disease. An additional symptom: the presence of mucus, streaks of blood or plaque on the stool (we recommend reading: streaks of blood in the stool in infants during breastfeeding).
See a doctor?
When particles of undigested food appear in the child's stool, or the color of the stool changes to white, one should remember what and how much the crumbs ate over the last 2-4 feedings. If there was no new food, no medication was taken, the portion was normal - you need to monitor the child's behavior and observe the stool throughout the day (if there are no threatening symptoms).
Normally, the disorder goes away in a day. Does the white chair repeat itself? You must definitely contact your pediatrician. Vomiting, fever, or too much stool? We need to call an ambulance.
Below are 5 conditions for which medical consultation is required:
- the color of the baby's urine has changed;
- frequent diarrhea, vomiting - dangerous in that they lead to dehydration;
- pain in the abdomen that persists after taking pain relievers;
- a significant increase in temperature, which is poorly reduced by antipyretic drugs;
- weakness, lethargy, drowsiness, thirst.
Digestive disorders are often manifested by loose stools with particles of undigested food, the color of feces may change. If the general condition of the baby is normal: he eats well, sleeps, is active and cheerful - most likely this is a reaction to overfeeding or new food. If there are additional changes in the baby's condition, you should consult a doctor.
In case of high fever, frequent vomiting and diarrhea, call an ambulance. For infants, dehydration is dangerous, so it is important to provide timely assistance to the baby. No need to wait 2-3 days: the child does not feel better in a day - to call a doctor.
What should be normal bowel movements in a newborn
The original stool in a newborn child is very thick and viscous, and dark brown, almost black, in color. These are feces that appear in a baby immediately after birth. It also consists of the products of the child's vital activity during his intrauterine development. The original feces are called meconium. Meconium is odorless.
Starting from the third day after birth, the baby's stool changes dramatically. It becomes more fluid and less viscous. It may still contain remnants of meconium. This is the so-called transitional feces. It is already much lighter than meconium, greenish yellow. There are mucus and lumps in the transitional feces.
After a week, the baby's stool gradually matures. Its color turns golden yellow. This bright yellow color of feces is typical for babies who are exclusively breastfed. The consistency of mature feces is quite liquid, but homogeneous, mushy. The smell of feces from a breastfed baby is pleasantly sour, reminiscent of sour milk.
The baby can defecate up to eight times a day. This is normal for a newborn. Bottle-fed babies empty their bowels less often. Their feces are not so yellow. They have a darker color, close to brown. The consistency of the stool in artificial people is thicker. The smell of stool is sharp and unpleasant. Feces have the same characteristics in mixed-fed babies. These are children who eat both formula and breast milk. With age, all babies defecate less frequently.
In a healthy child, feces can change. It may become more liquid or almost solid. The stool may turn green. Such changes are quite normal.
The feces become more liquid in children who suck only fore milk. This is the first milk that comes from the breast. It has more water in it. If the mother does not completely empty the breast and feeds the baby from the other breast, the baby receives only front milk.
If the child is calm, he is in a good mood, there is no reason to worry.
What to do?
An urgent need to consult a doctor should be in cases where, in addition to white grains, mucus, blood clots or foam are observed in the feces of a newborn. Common alarming symptoms include: fever, intense tension and screaming during bowel movements, constipation, pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, diarrhea, and others. Such signs may indicate the presence of an intestinal infection.
If, in addition to white impurities, there are no other symptoms of the disease, the child's behavior remains unchanged, then most likely this is a sign of lactose intolerance. In such cases, it is worth visiting a doctor for consultation and selection of the most suitable mixture.
In some cases, the presence of white streaks in the feces indicates dysbiosis, in which a fungus actively grows and multiplies in the child's intestines. This condition can develop in a baby after treatment with antibiotics, past illnesses, and decreased immunity. To cope with dysbiosis will help special tools, which contain lacto and bifidobacteria.