Long Worms In A Cat: White And Thin As They Come Out

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Long Worms In A Cat: White And Thin As They Come Out
Long Worms In A Cat: White And Thin As They Come Out

Video: Long Worms In A Cat: White And Thin As They Come Out

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Intestinal Worm Symptoms in Cats 2023, February
Anonim

Page content

  • Types of worms
  • Major long worms in cats

    • Round worms
    • Tape helminths (cestodes)
    • Flatworms (trematodes)
  • Long white worms in cats and their symptoms
  • Common signs of helminthic invasion

    Consequences of helminthiasis

  • General symptoms of worm lesions
  • How can you get infected with worms
  • Why are worms dangerous for cats and humans
  • Treatment by a veterinarian
  • You can defeat parasites!

Worms are common in cats. Moreover, parasitic worms infect both those cats that do not go outside at all, and those who like to walk outside. Many cat owners wonder how their pets get this disease. It's very simple: the eggs of the worms are brought home by the person himself on the sole of his shoes.

All cat owners should periodically carry out antiglust prophylaxis, and with obvious signs of the disease, the necessary therapy is required. Below we will consider in detail the types of worms, the symptoms of the disease. Detailed recommendations will be given on the treatment and prevention of helminthiasis.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Types of worms

In veterinary medicine, helminthiasis is a fairly well-known disease that often occurs in pets. Helminths (worms) that infect a cat's body come in several varieties. The most common types of worms in cats are:

Round nematodes or white worms are the most common parasites. There are mature worms reaching 10 centimeters in length. The most common nematodes are hookworms. They are usually less than 2 centimeters in size and are found in the small intestine. Roundworms feed on the blood of an infected animal, hence life-threatening anemia can develop

Roundworms (nematodes)
Roundworms (nematodes)
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Roundworms (nematodes)

Flat, such as flukes or flukes, they affect the lungs and liver. When infected with a similar type of worms, sometimes pets do not show signs of the disease at all. The worms that lead to paragonimiasis are transferred to the lungs and destroy the lung tissue. In this case, the animal has a cough. Opisthorchiasis larvae parasitize the liver, disrupting its full functioning. They can also colonize the pancreas and gallbladder

Fluke worms (trematodes)
Fluke worms (trematodes)
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Tape worms usually reach up to 70 centimeters, they are composed of multiple segments. In this case, the cat's body is usually used as a temporary host. Animals tend to get sick from eating a sick animal. Tape worms can be found when examining a pet. On the coat near the cat's anus, small segments of the parasite, similar in appearance to rice, are sometimes found

Tape worms (cestodes)
Tape worms (cestodes)
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Tape worms (cestodes)

Roundworms are, as a rule, small in size, but they can cause serious harm to the animal, since they are in the body in large numbers, and infect not only the intestines, but also the liver with the esophagus.

Major long worms in cats

Round worms

In most cases, cats are diagnosed as infected with hookworms and toxocaras.

Hookworms are small worms up to 1 cm in size. They feed on the host's blood, leading to anemia and making many wounds with sharp teeth in the intestinal walls. Several dozen of these helminths can lead to the death of a small cat in a matter of days

Hookworm
Hookworm
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Toxocars are the causative agents of toxocariasis, white, thin worms, reaching a maximum length of 20 cm. They take away useful substances from the cat, causing vitamin deficiency and exhaustion. With a strong invasion, they can completely block the intestinal lumen. Young animals whose intestines are too small for such parasites can rupture

Toxocars
Toxocars
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Toksokara

Tape helminths (cestodes)

Cestodes are long flat worms, the length of which can be up to 70 cm. The bodies of cestodes consist of numerous segments, each producing larvae. Tape worms parasitize the walls of the small intestine.

Identification of diseases caused by tapeworms is much easier, since it is often possible to find segments near the anus that secrete helminths.

  • The causative agent of alveococcosis is alveococcus. Small worms, their length does not exceed 1-4 millimeters. Parasitizes in the intestines.
  • Cucumber tapeworms that cause dipylidiosis reach 20-30 cm in length. Parasitizes in the intestines.

Flatworms (trematodes)

Flatworms are rare in cats. Trematodes are often called flukes because of the suction cups that sit on their bodies.

Trematodes are white filamentous worms, which, with the help of suction cups, attach to the intestinal walls, causing mechanical damage to the mucous membrane, and also have a toxic effect.

Trematodes are much less common than the two previous types of helminths, but it is the worms of this species that pose a mortal danger to cats, as they can destroy internal organs and tissues. They parasitize not only in the intestines, but also in the liver, bladder, lungs.

  • The pulmonary fluke causes paragonimiasis. It reaches 0.3-1 cm in length. It parasitizes in the lungs of an animal, forming cysts and destroying lung cells.
  • The hepatic fluke (cat fluke) up to 5 mm long causes opisthorchiasis - a dangerous disease that affects the liver and gallbladder.
Hepatic fluke
Hepatic fluke
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Long white worms in cats and their symptoms

Ways of infection, vectors: Small crustaceans of fresh water bodies, raw fish, rodents. Fleas and lice.

Name of the disease and characteristics of the pathogen:

Diphyllobothriasis. White worms, sometimes with a brownish tinge. The length of the parasite reaches 1-1.5 meters in cats and up to 10 meters in humans. These helminths parasitize in the intestines

Diphyllobothriasis - these helminths parasitize in the intestines

Description of symptoms: Fading of the coat, decreased appetite. Constipation and diarrhea, vomiting containing blood. Without treatment - anemia and convulsions.

Drug: Fenasal, Praziquantel, Fenalidone, etc.

Dipylidiosis. A grayish helminth, 20-30 centimeters in length. It lives in the intestines

Description of symptoms: Decreased appetite, rumbling in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting, loose stools.

Drug: Skoloban, Fenasal, Praziquantel, etc.

Alveococcosis. Small worms 1-4 mm. They live in the intestines

Alveococcosis lives in the intestine.In the later stages, it manifests itself with hepato-pulmonary symptoms and is fatal

Description of symptoms: For a long time, it is hidden. In the later stages, it manifests itself with hepato-pulmonary symptoms and is fatal in humans and animals.

Drug: Filixan, Tsetoveks, Fenasal.

Routes of infection, vectors: Introduced into the body through the skin or the esophagus.

Ankylostomiasis. A blood-eating parasite 2 mm long

Ankylostomiasis is a blood-eating parasite 2 mm long.

Description of symptoms: Decreased appetite, activity. Loose stools, vomiting. The animal drinks a lot. Anemia, cough.

Preparation: Pirantel and preparations based on it. Fembendazole, Febantel.

Toxascariasis. Roundworms usually reach a length of 3 to 5 cm. They live in the intestine, sometimes in the gallbladder, liver and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract

Toxascariasis - live in the intestines, sometimes in the gallbladder, liver and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract

Description of symptoms: Decreased appetite, activity. Loose stools, vomiting. The animal drinks a lot. Anemia, cough.

Drug: Pirantel, Fembendazole, Ditrazine.

Routes of infection, vectors: Molluscs, fish from rivers when eaten and from coastal vegetation.

Name of the disease and characteristics of the pathogen:

Paragonimiasis. Parasites 0.3-1 cm live in the lungs, forming cysts with destruction of organ tissue

Paragonimiasis - parasites 0.3-1 cm live in the lungs, forming cysts with destruction of organ tissue

Description of symptoms: Cough, decreased appetite. Temperature rise (not always). Vomiting with foam, loose stools.

Drug: Praziquantel.

Opisthorchiasis. Helminth, about 0.5 cm long, living in the liver and destroying its tissues

It can parasitize in the gallbladder and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.

Opisthorchiasis is a helminth about 0.5 cm long that lives in the liver and destroys its tissues.

Description of symptoms: Painful stomach, loss of appetite with episodes of bulimia, vomiting mixed with bile, loose stools. Body temperature is elevated

Treatment: complex, individual.

Get tested for worms

Symptoms Answer Itching in the anal area Yes Not Dysbacteriosis Yes Not General weakness Yes Not Dry cough Yes Not The appearance of allergic reactions Yes Not Weight loss Yes Not Headaches Yes Not Dizziness Yes Not Increased irritability Yes Not Swelling of the face and eyelids Yes Not

Common signs of helminthic invasion

Consequences of helminthiasis

Tapeworms in cats can cause serious illness.

  • Diphyllobothriasis. The disease is caused by long helminths of the genus diphyllobotrium (broad tapeworm), reaching 1-2 meters. Cat helminths can live for several months. In the human body, it can exist for up to 20 years.
  • Symptoms of the disease include disorders of the nervous system. The cat becomes irritable, aggressive. Signs of anemia appear, stool is disturbed, nausea and repeated vomiting join. There may be discharge from the eyes, the coat loses its smoothness and shine.
  • Diphyllobothriasis infection occurs when eating raw fish or thermally poorly processed fish dish. The incubation period lasts up to one month, during which there may be no signs of the disease.
  • Dipylidiosis. The disease is caused by flatworms of the genus Dipylydium (cucumber tapeworm). The color is gray-white or pinkish, the length can be about 30 cm. The intestines are the habitat. Mature segments of the parasite resemble cucumber seeds.
  • A cat can become infected from intermediate hosts - fleas and lice. During illness, loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting and lethargy are noted. The cat becomes nervous, irritable.
  • Alveococcosis. It is caused by small worms of the genus alveococcus. Alveococci are no more than 4 mm long. From the moment the larva enters the body until its maturation into a sexually mature individual, it takes 3 months. The work of the digestive system is disrupted. The animal suffers from diarrhea followed by constipation. Vomiting appears, sudden weight loss. A cat can become infected if it eats a sick rodent.
  • Hydatigerosis. The causative agent of the disease is the cestode strobilocercus, which parasitizes in the small intestine. The length can reach 60 cm. The cat looks weak, lethargic, does not eat well, is losing weight. Diarrhea and vomiting join. Infection occurs by eating rodents.



General symptoms of worm lesions

If you are not lazy to regularly prevent worm infestation, constantly monitor your pet, then even in a sick animal the signs of the disease will not be very pronounced, since worms in domestic cats will not have time to reproduce in huge quantities.

If you neglect medical measures, then you can allow a rapidly progressive lesion of the animal with worms, and often even several species. Sometimes this leads to the death of the pet.

Known common signs of helminthic lesions are: dull and falling hair, conjunctivitis of the eyes, alternating constipation and diarrhea, lethargy, tight abdomen, nonspecific odor from the mouth.

The disease is clearly reflected in the appetite of the animal: some cats start to eat a lot, but do not recover at the same time; other pets refuse to eat, choosing only their favorite treats.

How can you get infected with worms

Let's summarize where worms come from in a domestic cat. Firstly, being a predator, it eats prey (birds, rodents) along with the eggs of parasites. Even having caught a beetle or a fly, the animal can become infected with any helminths.

Secondly, the cat swallows helminth eggs along with raw meat, raw freshwater fish, river water, so it is better to protect pets from such a diet. Third, most of the worms are carried through the faeces.

Fourthly, when a cat licks itself, it swallows the eggs of parasitic worms that adhere to the fur and paws even at home, because people bring parasites into the house on their shoes and clothes. A person can become infected with helminths from a cat, most often through saliva and feces.

Why are worms dangerous for cats and humans

It can be assumed that what kind of worms in cats, such parasites are transmitted to the owner. The danger of worms that have settled in the body lies in the fact that they actively feed on blood, lymph, tissues of various internal organs, which leads to the inevitable depletion of the vital forces of the patient.

Any parasitic worms poison the body of an animal and a person with toxic substances, which are the result of their vital activity and death. Decomposition products also lead to allergic reactions and severe poisoning. In addition, with suction cups and fixing hooks, parasites injure organs, provoking rupture of blood vessels and necrosis.

The appearance of symptoms of helminthic invasion, such as constipation and bloating, may indicate intestinal obstruction.

If the lesion occurs in a cat, then it may die, because a huge number of worms block the intestinal lumen of the poor animal, and it cannot empty it naturally. And this is not all the reasons why worms are so dangerous in cats; treatment in any case must be immediate.

Treatment by a veterinarian

Treatment of worms in cats should be under the guidance of a veterinarian. It cannot be done independently. Despite the fact that there are special remedies for worms for cats on the market, which can be quite effective, at the same time they can cause additional digestive upset in the animal, and also not completely free the cat of worms.

Before trying to rid the animal of helminths on your own, you should definitely consult with your veterinarian so as not to harm the pet and quickly cure the parasitic worms. After all, sometimes you do not even know the correct diagnosis, what do worms look like in cats - what can we say about medications. And the situation is quite dangerous, because if there are too many large individuals that, dying, decompose, the animal can die.

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