Worms In A Child At 5 Years Old: Symptoms, What To Give And How To Remove Parasites

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Worms In A Child At 5 Years Old: Symptoms, What To Give And How To Remove Parasites
Worms In A Child At 5 Years Old: Symptoms, What To Give And How To Remove Parasites

Video: Worms In A Child At 5 Years Old: Symptoms, What To Give And How To Remove Parasites

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Video: Worm Infection in Babies - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment 2023, February
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  • Infection with worms in children 5 years old
  • Infection with worms of a child at 5 years old
  • Symptoms of worms in a child 4-5 years old
  • What to give a medicine for worms to a child 5 years old
  • Diagnostics of helminthiasis
  • Prevention measures for helminthiasis in children 5 years old
  • You can defeat parasites!

How to identify the first signs of infection with worms in young children?

It is very difficult to do this during the first examinations, even for an experienced specialist. Possible signs of worms in children of this age may indicate changes in the body caused by growth and development, the appearance of teeth, or changes in the diet.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

It is possible to find out that a newborn or a 5-year-old baby has become infected only through diagnosis and laboratory research.

The discovered representative of helminths will be carefully studied, and the pediatrician will be able to start a full-fledged treatment in order to remove the worms from the child and relieve him of the accompanying unpleasant symptoms.

Infection with worms in children 5 years old

The appearance of helminths often causes horror and panic among parents. But, if you start treating them in time, you can avoid many of the diseases that they cause.

How is the process of infection with parasites, and what are the worms:

roundworms, pinworms, whipworm. Re-infection is characteristic. Worm eggs can be found on clothing and in feces. Using dirty unprocessed food for cooking, non-compliance with hygiene rules

Ascaris worms
Ascaris worms
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feline, Chinese fluke. When eating seafood, raw, salted and poorly cooked fish

Cat fluke
Cat fluke
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hepatic fluke. Ingestion of contaminated water, infected vegetables and fruits, contact with contaminated soil, sand

Hepatic fluke
Hepatic fluke
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pulmonary fluke. Poorly cooked seafood, crab and animal meat

Pulmonary fluke
Pulmonary fluke
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wide tape. Through fish, caviar

Large worms in humans
Large worms in humans
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schistosoma. You can get infected in reservoirs when swimming

Schistosomiasis
Schistosomiasis
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pork, bovine tapeworm. Food of animal origin is poorly processed thermally

pork tapeworm
pork tapeworm
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dwarf tapeworm, echinococcus. Dirty hands, poor hygiene

Echinococcus
Echinococcus
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Echinococcus

hookworm. Enough unprocessed fruits, vegetables from the garden, non-compliance with hygiene standards

Hookworm
Hookworm
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trichinella. Raw or improperly cooked game meat and cattle

Trichinella
Trichinella
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filarias. They penetrate with insect bites like mosquitoes, horseflies, flies

What is cutaneous filariasis
What is cutaneous filariasis
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Prevention of helminthic invasion is mandatory in childhood. Ignorance of the basic rules of hygiene and communication of the baby with peers, playing in playgrounds, contact with soil and sand can lead to infection with parasites.

Infection with worms of a child at 5 years old

At the age of 5, the child's body already has some immunity to infectious lesions - but the gastrointestinal tract has not yet acquired sufficient resistance against the penetration of harmful parasites. The intestinal walls are thin at 5 years of age, and the blood flow is unstable. All this favors the development of worm larvae and their rapid reproduction.

The ideal method of dealing with helminths is timely and comprehensive prevention of their appearance. This also applies to compliance with the rules of hygiene, and proper nutrition, and regular medical examinations.

Prevention of worms in children
Prevention of worms in children
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Of course, it is not always possible to keep track of a child at 4-5 years old - or make him wash his hands regularly before eating.

Not to mention the fact that he often picks and eats a variety of berries and fruits directly from the garden, bush or tree - and they can be infected with worm larvae.

Therefore, almost all children 4-5 years old are ill with helminthiasis in one form or another at different stages of development - and this is not a problem if you take measures in time and prevent the development of acute forms of damage.

Due to the fact that helminthiasis in a 4-5 year old child is a fairly common disease, there is a risk of not being serious about this problem.

Nevertheless, the defeat of worms in a child at 4 years old can have very painful consequences, including:

  • general depletion of the body;
  • the state of asthenization;
  • the development of allergic pathologies;
  • a wide range of possible lesions of internal organs.

Therefore, it is necessary to treat worms in a 4-5 year old child, preferably in the early stages of infection, having discovered the first signs. And, of course, in order to remove the worms as painfully and quickly as possible, timely and accurate diagnosis is of great importance.

Symptoms of worms in a child 4-5 years old

Helminthic invasion in a 4-5 year old child manifests itself in different cases in different ways - depending on the type of parasites that have entered the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the individual characteristics of the organism.

At 4 years old, the body does not yet have independent resources to resist the active development of worms. Even at the age of 5, the intestines are still very vulnerable.

It is possible to determine the presence of worms in the body of a 4-5 year old child by a number of symptoms:

  • excessive appetite or lack of it;
  • restless sleep, accompanied by a characteristic grinding of teeth;
  • possible enlargement of lymph nodes;
  • frequent allergic skin reactions that do not respond well to therapy;
  • unstable stools;
  • cutting pains in the abdomen, localized in the navel area, or migrating throughout the intestine;
  • itching in the anal canal;
  • attacks of dizziness, nausea;
  • general depletion of the body;
  • increased nervousness, unreasonable changes in well-being.

Get tested for worms

Symptoms Answer Itching in the anal area Yes Not Dysbacteriosis Yes Not General weakness Yes Not Dry cough Yes Not The appearance of allergic reactions Yes Not Weight loss Yes Not Headaches Yes Not Dizziness Yes Not Increased irritability Yes Not Swelling of the face and eyelids Yes Not

What to give a medicine for worms to a child 5 years old

Nemazole: an anthelmintic agent with the active ingredient albendazole. Under the influence of this substance, metabolic disorders in the body of the parasite are rapidly developing.

This is due to the fact that the active ingredient interferes with the utilization of glucose and other vital nutrients for the helminth. When exposed to albendazole, a powerful contracture of the muscles of the parasite develops, as a result of which it dies.

The medicine is released in the form of a suspension and capsules. In the prevention of helminthiasis in children, it is syrup that is more often used. This remedy for parasites is prescribed from 5 years. However, the suspension is used in the treatment of helminthiasis in children under the age of 2 years.

General contraindications for use are:

  • pregnancy (all trimesters); breast-feeding;
  • low content of granulocytes in the blood; acute suppression of bone marrow hematopoiesis;
  • chronic liver disease. These include cirrhosis, fatty liver disease, hepatitis, and liver failure;
  • disturbances in the work of the urinary system, including decompensated renal failure; allergy to albendazole;
  • ocular cysticercosis and other diseases, accompanied by damage to the retina.

Vermox: This is a highly effective anthelmintic agent. It is used for enterobiasis, ascariasis, trichocephalosis. Vermox is a broad-spectrum antihelminthic drug.

After entering the intestine, the drug enters the body of the helminth and disrupts the functions of protein metabolism, mainly the ability to absorb glucose. Due to the lack of glucose, the process of energy production and other metabolic functions of worms stops, after which they die and are excreted from the intestines in a natural way.

Vermox instruction
Vermox instruction
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The main effect of the drug occurs in the gastrointestinal tract, however, approximately 5-10% of vermox is absorbed by the blood, but when passing through the liver is destroyed to metabolic products and is excreted from the body through the kidneys.

Diagnostics of helminthiasis

If you suspect that a child has worms, you need to contact an infectious disease specialist or parasitologist.

The attending physician will give a referral for the necessary tests. The main types of diagnostics for helminthiasis:

  • stool analysis;
  • blood test;
  • scraping eggs on the worm;
  • Ultrasound of internal organs;
  • x-ray;
  • MRI.

In most cases, in order to determine the infection with worms, it is enough to donate feces within three days. But this method of research can be dispensed with only if there is a lesion by nematodes. In addition, stool analysis may not always show the presence of worms in children.

If eggs of representatives of other classes have entered the body, serological blood tests, parasitological analysis of other biological fluids (bile, sputum, intestinal mucus), ultrasound and MRI of organs may be required.

Prevention measures for helminthiasis in children 5 years old

Since today the probability of a baby becoming infected with worms is very high, adult family members should follow the rules of personal hygiene as carefully as possible, which will significantly reduce the risk of helminths:

  1. First of all, it is necessary to carefully monitor that the baby washes his hands. If pets live in the house, they must undergo deworming.
  2. When walking, you need to ensure that the baby does not pick up dirty objects from the ground, do not take them into his mouth, or come into contact with street animals.
  3. Wet cleaning should be carried out weekly in the house, during which it is necessary to vacuum the carpets and upholstered furniture, wash toys and objects with which the baby comes into contact with soap.
  4. When preparing food, it is required to follow the rules for preparing meat and fish, subjecting them to sufficient heat treatment. All fruits and vegetables must be washed thoroughly and not be eaten dirty.
  5. It is forbidden to drink raw water from natural reservoirs.

If there is evidence of worms in a child, the whole family should be treated, as the risk of re-infection is very high. In addition, it is necessary to carry out disinfection measures, wash household items with soap and boil all textile accessories, bedding and underwear.

Subject to all hygiene rules, the likelihood of infection with helminths is significantly reduced. But even though it exists, one should not panic. Today, medicine offers many means that will determine the presence of parasites in a baby and rid him of worms without harm to health.

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