Vaccinations Against Toxoplasmosis For Humans, For Cats, Price And Before Pregnancy

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Vaccinations Against Toxoplasmosis For Humans, For Cats, Price And Before Pregnancy
Vaccinations Against Toxoplasmosis For Humans, For Cats, Price And Before Pregnancy

Video: Vaccinations Against Toxoplasmosis For Humans, For Cats, Price And Before Pregnancy

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Video: All About Kitten Vaccines 2023, February
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  • Vaccine or fiction
  • Do I need a vaccine
  • Is there a vaccination against toxoplasmosis
  • Toxoplasmosis and pregnancy
  • How to protect yourself
  • How can you get infected? Causative agents of the disease
  • Forms of toxoplasma
  • Transmission routes
  • Symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats
  • Vaccinations for cats
  • Treatment of toxoplasmosis in a dog
  • You can defeat parasites!

Toxoplasmosis is a common disease that most people are not aware of. Pathology is often transmitted already at the birth of a child and does not manifest itself in any way. But there are categories of people for whom primary infection can be especially dangerous, and, first of all, these are pregnant women.

For them, exposure to Toxoplasma can result in congenital malformations in the fetus and even death. Recently, people increasingly have a question regarding whether there is a vaccination against toxoplasmosis and who should be vaccinated.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Toxoplasma
Toxoplasma
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Toxoplasma under the microscope

Vaccine or fiction

Toxoplasmosis is caused by protozoa. They can cause pathology in both humans and animals. The pathogen is able to penetrate the cells of the body, where it is no longer affected by various negative factors, including drugs.

With toxoplasmosis, symptoms may be completely absent, but with primary infection, the clinic is especially bright. Children, patients with weak immune systems and pregnant women are most at risk. It is they who are interested in the question: can prevention of toxoplasmosis through vaccination be carried out.

Are you vaccinated against toxoplasmosis?
Are you vaccinated against toxoplasmosis?
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In order not to reassure people, we immediately note that there is no vaccine for toxoplasmosis today and, most likely, they will not be engaged in its creation.

There are many reasons for this:

  • The pathology is not epidemiologically dangerous. In other words, outbreaks of the disease have not been reported previously, and infection is extremely rare. Thus, vaccination against toxoplasmosis is not essential.
  • Protozoa are the cause of the pathology. It should be noted here that a vaccine involves the administration of a substance containing either weakened viruses or antibodies to them. In the case of a non-infectious agent, it is simply impossible to create a vaccine.

Thus, it is impossible to artificially force the immune system to resist toxoplasma. Today vaccination of people is not carried out, as well as vaccinations for animals have not yet been created.

Do I need a vaccine

In order to understand whether your body needs protection from toxoplasma, you need to find out what changes occur with toxoplasmosis.

As with any other pathogen, when Toxoplasma enters the body, a reaction of the immune system is observed, expressed in the form of antibodies. In particular, in this disease, IgG immunoglobulin is produced. It is aimed at suppressing the activity of the pathogen.

The diagnosis of pathology is based precisely on whether IgG immunoglobulin is detected in the patient's blood or not.

It is important to emphasize that after an infection, immunity lasts for life. If a woman has an IgM immunoglobulin detected before the conception of the baby, the condition does not carry any danger to the child. An analysis that detects immunoglobulin E.

Is there a vaccination against toxoplasmosis

Is there a vaccination against toxoplasmosis
Is there a vaccination against toxoplasmosis
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No, and is unlikely to appear. The fact is that toxoplasmosis is not included in the list of epidemiologically dangerous diseases, therefore there is no need for a vaccine.

In addition, toxoplasmosis is caused not by an infectious agent, but by a parasite (intracellular). Therefore, a vaccination against toxoplasmosis is unlikely to appear. There is no vaccination against this disease for animals.

However, veterinarians say that a prophylactic drug for toxoplasmosis for animals is being developed and tested, and not even one.

Toxoplasmosis and pregnancy

If you become infected with toxoplasma during pregnancy, there is a possibility that the expectant mother will infect her child with toxoplasmosis.

The longer the gestation period, the higher the risk of infection of the fetus with toxoplasma. However, oddly enough, the likelihood of consequences decreases, up to their complete absence (unless, of course, take into account the possibility of developing congenital toxoplasmosis, about which information will be below).

The risks of transmitting the parasite to the fetus, depending on the gestational age, look something like this:

  • I trimester - 15%;
  • II trimester - 30%;
  • III trimester - 60%.

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  • Analysis for toxoplasmosis: how to take and interpret the results

Given the immaturity of many systems of a small organism, including the immune system, a baby's disease can lead to the most serious consequences. Among them are hydrocephalus, damage to various organs of the nervous system, including the brain, impaired vision and more.

What to do if a pregnant woman has worms
What to do if a pregnant woman has worms
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How to protect yourself

If there is no vaccine against the disease, this does not mean that toxoplasmosis cannot be avoided. To protect yourself from illness, you should take regular preventive measures. It has been noticed that a pregnant woman who has been in contact with cats since early childhood has immunity against the disease. This helps her to avoid fetal infection.

Thorough washing of hands, vegetables and fruits can help reduce the risk of infection. Most of the meat products that people buy from market counters and shops every day are infected. If you follow the rules of prevention and fry or boil the meat well before eating, then parasites will not enter the body.

If there are pets in the house, especially cats, you should carefully monitor the pet's toilet and clean it daily. After contact with an animal, be sure to wash your hands with antibacterial soap.

Most pet owners have a question: is there and can a pet be vaccinated against the disease? Veterinarians say there is no such vaccine, but plans are in the works. In the future, prophylactic means are provided that will help avoid contamination of animals with this disease.



How can you get infected? Causative agents of the disease

Your pet can contract toxoplasmosis when fed raw meat products. This category includes poultry, beef, pork and lamb.

In addition, infection can occur if the cat eats the meat of small rodents (mice, rats).

In rare cases, infection with street shoes or human clothing is possible.

What causes the disease? The causative agents are the simplest intracellular parasites Toxoplasma gondii. Further spread of toxoplasmosis occurs through the fecal-oral route. Worm eggs enter the animal's feces, and through them - into the environment.

Forms of toxoplasma

There are 3 forms of the virus inside the animal during the illness, these are:

  1. Cysts. They have a dense membrane, and drugs do not penetrate through it. The pathogen is very resistant to the environment and dies at temperatures below -4 and above 37 degrees.
  2. Trophozoites. They multiply in all cells of the body during the acute stage.
  3. Oocysts. Formed in the small intestine of cats and excreted in feces. This is the main source of infection. After 2 days, spores begin to be released from the feces, which are carried through the air and retain the ability to spread infection throughout the year. In fresh feces there are oocysts that are not capable of infecting another species of animal or person, therefore, removing the tray after a sick animal immediately, it is impossible for a person to become infected with toxoplasmosis.

Transmission routes

Toxoplasma is excreted in feces for a month only in cats that have recently become infected. Further, the disease passes into a latent form, and the animal is not dangerous. When re-infected, the immune system suppresses the spread of the virus, and it does not reach reproduction in the intestines. You can read more about the transmission paths here.

Is it possible to get infected from a cat to a person
Is it possible to get infected from a cat to a person
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Symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats

Immediately after the virus has entered the body, it begins to multiply. It usually takes 1-4 weeks before the number of cells captured by parasites reaches a noticeable damage to the body. Only after that, depending on the state of health and age, the disease will begin to develop in a latent, moderate or acute form in a cat.

Symptoms and manifestations of the disease, depending on the form, are as follows:

  1. The latent form has the most mild symptoms and occurs in cats between the ages of 1 and 7 years. The disease is expressed in the form of redness of the eyes and a runny nose. Less common is short-term refusal to eat and loss of appetite for a short time. The owners attribute the symptoms to a cold, conjunctivitis, or food poisoning.
  2. Medium form. The eyes turn red, purulent discharge appears. Due to damage to the mucous membrane and respiratory organs, the animal develops a runny nose, cough, sneezing, breathing becomes difficult. Lethargy, refusal to eat. Significant stool disorder. The body temperature rises. Starting from this stage, the animal becomes dangerous to humans, since infection occurs through all secreted fluids.
  3. In the acute form, all symptoms become more pronounced. Apathy, the animal does not get up, indifferent to everything. Intense fever. Salivation. At this stage, the virus affects the nervous system, so there are twitching of the tips of the ears and limbs, muscle cramps. In the worst case, paralysis.

Vaccinations for cats

The toxoplasmosis vaccine for cats, as such, has also not been developed. The reasons are the same as with the human vaccine. However, in order to significantly reduce the likelihood of developing a disease in an animal, it still needs to be vaccinated regularly. This is due to the peculiarities of the animal's immunity and the characteristics of the parasite.

The fact is that in an animal (as in a person), a certain amount of Toxoplasma may normally be present in the blood. In this case, the carrier itself does not get sick, but is able to transmit it. For example, it is excreted in urine and faeces, saliva and breast milk of an animal. In order for the disease not to turn into an acute form, which is potentially dangerous to the health and life of the animal, it is necessary to maintain its immunity at a consistently high level.

During an exacerbation, the disease is also more likely to be transmitted to humans. This is due to the fact that the concentration of the parasitic agent in the secretions of the animal increases. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to maintain the animal's immunity at a consistently high level.

To do this, you need to protect the animal from infection with diseases (viruses and infections) that can weaken it. To do this, you need to vaccinate the cat with drugs such as "Multifel". They protect against a complex of the most common infections and viruses in animals, and therefore maintain immunity at a consistently high level, eliminating the likelihood of a latent course of any viral infection that reduces immunity.

Such a vaccination is given once every 12 months. Its cost is about 800 - 1000 rubles. Begins to be performed for kittens from 6 months of age.

It should be noted that veterinarians are working on a vaccine. Currently, several prophylactic veterinary drugs for toxoplasmosis are being tested.



Treatment of toxoplasmosis in a dog

It is not possible to completely cure toxoplasmosis, especially in advanced stages.

Treatment of a parasitic infection is aimed at eliminating the main symptoms and maintaining the body's immune forces.

The main goal of treatment is to transfer toxoplasmosis from an acute stage to a chronic one (which does not pose a danger to the surrounding animals, including humans).

A sick dog, depending on the stage of infection and the clinical picture, is selected an individual treatment regimen aimed at destroying free toxoplasma, locking intracellular oocysts in capsules and relieving symptoms of the disease.

Drugs used to combat canine toxoplasmosis:

  1. Chloridine (most effective in combination with sulfa drugs). The course of treatment depends on the degree of infection and generally ranges from 10 to 40 days with intervals of 7 days between doses of the drug.
  2. Khimkotsid - the course of treatment is 3 days. Further, the dosage is reduced to a minimum and treatment is continued for a month.
  3. Sulfadoxine + pyramethamine - drugs with antimalarial properties are suitable for the destruction of free toxoplasma due to the similar structure of protozoa.
  4. Vitamins (especially water-soluble B groups), as well as ascorbic and folic acid.
  5. Immunomodulating medications.

Of no small importance in the treatment of toxoplasmosis is dietary nutrition, aimed at reducing the load on the digestive system. After all, it is she who is most damaged as a result of infection with parasitic protozoa microorganisms.

In the process of treating the disease, it is necessary to carry out disinfecting cleaning of the room where the sick animal is. Cleaning should be done at least once every 3 days. For disinfection, solutions of Chloramine, formaldehyde, caustic alkali or lysol are used.

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