Human Papillomavirus: Treatment In Men And Women, Drugs

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Human Papillomavirus: Treatment In Men And Women, Drugs
Human Papillomavirus: Treatment In Men And Women, Drugs

Video: Human Papillomavirus: Treatment In Men And Women, Drugs

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Video: Human Papillomavirus Infections | Medicine Lectures | Student Education | V-Learning 2023, February
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Page content

  • Which doctor to contact
  • HPV treatment methods

    General scheme of therapy

  • Treatment of papillomavirus infection
  • Features of treatment in children
  • Features of treatment during pregnancy
  • HPV treatment methods in women

    Medications

  • Diagnosis and treatment of the disease in men
  • Traditional methods for curing HPV
  • You can defeat parasites!

About 85% of people are infected with the human papillomavirus, but not everyone has the disease. The source of infection is a virus carrier (a sick man or woman). To get infected, it is not necessary to have direct contact with the growths on the skin of the infected person - the virus can circulate in the semen, saliva and urine of a person.

If HPV is active, it can even be transmitted through kissing. Human papillomavirus treatment is long and costly. Treatment of human papilloma virus includes taking antiviral and immunomodulating drugs, removing growths. In rare cases, with strong immunity, HPV heals itself.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>



Which doctor to contact

HPV is an infectious disease. In theory, an infectious disease doctor should deal with pathology. The patient should consult a general practitioner or family doctor. If papillomavirus is suspected, referral to a specialized specialist will follow.

Condylomas in the woman's vagina will be examined by a gynecologist. Perhaps, in addition to examination, a colposcopy and taking smears for further research will be required. A thorough diagnosis is required for cervical lesions.

Formations on the surface of the skin of the body will be examined by a dermatologist - venereologist. The doctor will identify the type of growths, conduct additional research and prescribe the necessary treatment to eliminate the papillomavirus.

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To detect the type of HPV, a laboratory test is required. It is relevant if you suspect oncogenic strains. In women, these types of HPV lead to dysplasia and cervical cancer. In men, they can cause oncology of the head of the penis.

If a dangerous strain is found, observation by an oncologist may be required. In case of negative results, the patient will continue treatment in gynecology or urology.

To identify the causes of the immune decline or if formations occur frequently, even after complex treatment, an immunologist's consultation is required.

If a person cannot get an appointment with a therapist, you can contact a specialized doctor. If manifestations of papillomavirus occur, postponing a visit to the doctor is dangerous to health.

HPV treatment methods

Human papillomavirus is difficult to treat. To achieve the result, it is necessary to carry out a set of measures, which will include stimulation of immunity, suppression of the pathogen and excision of growths.

This tactic helps to prevent the risk of relapse, which is often observed in older patients. For young people, removal is enough, the immune system is able to fight the infection on its own.

General scheme of therapy

With normal functioning of the immune system, the body will be able to suppress the manifestations of the virus itself after a course of special therapy.

The general treatment regimen includes:

  1. Removal of external manifestations of HPV.
  2. The course of antiviral drugs.
  3. Strengthening the immune system.

Very often, HPV is complicated by other inflammatory and infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.

First, treatment of concomitant diseases is carried out, after which condylomas are removed and antiviral drugs are taken.

Removal of papillomas is possible in the following ways:

  • laser;
  • chemical solutions;
  • radio waves;
  • scalpel;
  • electric knife;
  • liquid nitrogen.

It is very important to remove papillomas, as they appear in places where the virus accumulates. This will reduce your viral load and reduce your risk of infection in your sexual partner.

Which method of removing papillomas will be the most effective depends on the location of the neoplasms, their genotype, number and size.

The most affordable way to remove genital warts is a surgical method, which is now rarely used.

It can cause serious wounds and scars, so it is only relevant in the case of malignant neoplasms. The most painless method of removal is radio wave.

Treatment of papillomavirus infection

If we estimate the total number of infectious diseases, then it is HPV infection that is most widespread. But, unfortunately, at present, medicine practically does not offer methods to completely get rid of this ailment.

Therefore, the treatment of human papillomavirus infection is aimed, first of all, at getting rid of genital warts, as well as at creating conditions under which the virus multiplies and progresses as slowly as possible.

Using different methods of therapy, you can get rid of genital warts in most cases. But at the same time, in about a quarter of cases, there is a relapse of the disease, which occurs within three months.

If the treatment of the human papillomavirus is not practiced at all, then sometimes genital warts can disappear on their own. However, it is highly likely that, without treatment, condylomas will progress. In addition, it is important to conduct additional research to determine the presence of sexually transmitted diseases and to cure them.

When choosing treatment methods, the doctor does not allow the use of toxic therapy, as well as procedures that contribute to the appearance of scars and scars. Treatment of the disease is prescribed taking into account where warts are localized, how the disease manifests itself, what ailments accompany it, what is the general condition of the human body. The treatment regimen should be selected exclusively on an individual basis.

Today, there are many different methods of treating human papillomavirus infection. In particular, surgical excision of formations, cryotherapy, laser therapy, the use of electrosurgical methods, and diathermocoagulation are practiced as destructive methods.

Among chemical methods of therapy, treatment is practiced with nitric acid, solcoderm, feresol, trichloroacetic acid.

In addition, in the treatment of human papillomavirus, cytotoxic drugs are used: podophyllotoxin, 5-fluorouracil, podophyllin. In the course of combined treatment, interferons are also used. It is the combination treatment that is most preferable.

Podophyllotoxin
Podophyllotoxin
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When treating pregnant women, one should not hesitate so that therapy is carried out as early as possible. In this case, only physical destructive methods of treatment are practiced, for example, cryotherapy.

In the process of treatment, it is important to know that a person is not a carrier of this virus for life. However, if the virus is detected three times, and the intervals between the progression of the disease are 4 months, then the risk of epithelial cancer increases 14 times.

For any manifestations of human papillomavirus infection, in no case should an independent and haphazard treatment be undertaken so as not to provoke complications.

Features of treatment in children

When HPV is activated in a child, doctors first of all resort to conservative methods of therapy: the appointment of immunomodulators and vitamins, as well as local treatment of rashes with ointments, compresses.

Surgical intervention is usually resorted to only in those cases when, during the observation, the growth of warts and papillomas is noted.



Features of treatment during pregnancy

Note! HPV during the period of gestation does not have a pronounced negative effect on its development and the course of pregnancy in general.

Basic recommendations for the treatment of papillomavirus during pregnancy:

  • If the virus is detected before pregnancy, treatment should be done without delay. This will normalize the immune system and avoid thrush and other infections;
  • It is advisable to plan the onset of pregnancy at the end of the second cycle after completion of treatment;
  • The course of HPV treatment during pregnancy should be started no earlier than 28 weeks of gestation - the period when all organs of the child are formed. This will help avoid the negative effects of medications on the child's body.

HPV treatment methods in women

Treatment of HPV in women (drugs provoking the destruction of the virus in the body have not been invented) is a complex process. Complex drug therapy is only capable of introducing the virus into a latent state, in which it is not capable of causing harm to the body. However, HPV remains in the blood.

HPV treatment in women occurs in 2 ways:

  1. Surgical or hardware method - used to remove the external manifestations of HPV - papillomas, warts, genital warts.
  2. The drug method is used in the form of a scheme of drugs of different groups to eliminate symptoms and improve overall well-being.

Medications

The treatment of HPV in women involves the development of special regimens consisting of antiviral drugs, immunomodulators and local agents that help get rid of the external manifestations of the virus. Antiviral drugs have a therapeutic effect on the pathogenic microorganism and help to suppress it.

Antiviral drugs in pill form include:

Acyclovir - has the ability to inhibit the virus and translate it into a passive (latent) stage. It is used in the treatment of manifestations on the intracavitary organs and in the genital area. Dosage regimen: 200 g 5 times a day, every 4 hours. The duration of the course is 5 days with the possibility of prolongation in severe cases. Cost - 50 rubles

Acyclovir
Acyclovir
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Lavomax is an antiviral and immunomodulatory drug. The mechanism of action is to suppress the reproduction of viruses. Dosage regimen: 125 mg once a day every other day. Heading dose - 20 tablets. 125 mg each. Cost - 130 rubles

Lavomax
Lavomax
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Isoprinosine - has immunostimulating activity and antiviral effect. Fights genital HPV, laryngeal papillomas and warts. Dosage regimen: 6-8 tablets 3-4 times a day. Duration of treatment is from 5 to 14 days. Average cost - from 600 rubles

Isoprinosine
Isoprinosine
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Antiviral suppositories used for damage to the vagina or cervix by pathogenic processes:

Genferon is a combined drug that has a local and systemic effect, manifested in the suppression of the virus using interferon. Dosage regimen: vaginally 1 suppository, 2 times a day for 10 days. The average cost is 500 rubles

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genferon
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Viferon is an antiviral and immunomodulatory agent. Dosage regimen: 1 suppository 2 times a day. Duration of admission: 5 days. The average cost in pharmacies is 250 rubles

Viferon
Viferon
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For intramuscular administration, Ferrovir is used, an antiviral drug of natural origin. It is prescribed 5 ml 2 times a day, for 14 days. Cost - from 2980 rubles. Immunomodulators are a group of drugs that enhance the body's protective function.

They are used as part of complex therapy to prevent the development of complications:

Likopid is an activator of innate and acquired immunity that enhances protection against viral infections. Take 10 mg 30 minutes before meals, 1 time per day. The duration of the course is 10 days. The average price for a drug is 250 rubles

Likopid
Likopid
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Immunomax - activates the links of the immune system. Dosage regimen: injected intramuscularly in the form of a solution in an amount of 200 units. Injections are administered on days 1, 2, 3 and 8, 9, 10 of treatment once a day. Cost - 900 rubles

immunomaks
immunomaks
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Gepon is an immunomodulating drug with antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects. Dosage regimen: 10 mg orally 1 time per day. The duration of treatment is set individually

Gepon
Gepon
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These include:

  • Podophyllin - has a burning and necrosthetic effect. Used to remove genital warts. It is applied externally as a ready-made solution. The affected area of ​​skin must be treated 2 times a day, every 12 hours, for 3 days. Cost - 600-800 rubles.
  • Solkoderm - used for benign superficial skin lesions. Treatment with a solution is carried out under the guidance of a medical staff. The procedure is carried out once. After that, the affected skin area becomes darker and the growth cells die off. The cost of the drug is 800-1000 rubles.
Solkoderm
Solkoderm
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Diagnosis and treatment of the disease in men

If foci of neoplasms are detected, urgent treatment of papillomas in men is required. A treatment method that will be successful can only be developed by a certified specialist. Nevertheless, there are basic principles that have found application in any course of the disease:

  • The use of antiviral medicines;
  • Additional immune stimulation through the use of vitamin and mineral complexes;
  • Antiviral ointments are prescribed as topical preparations.

The main treatment for papillomas and genital warts is their complete removal from the surface of the skin and mucous membranes, for excision of growths, the following methods are used:

  1. Removal of genital warts and papillomas with a laser with or without a local anesthetic. The laser destroys the neoplasm at the cellular level and leaves only a crust in its place. Healing occurs quickly, however, scars may form at the site of removal;
  2. Radiosurgical excision - a radio wave electrode cuts off the neoplasm without touching it;
  3. Surgical removal - occurs under local anesthesia and is carried out with large neoplasms;
  4. Electrocoagulation method - local subcutaneous anesthesia. Removal occurs due to damage to the tissues of the neoplasm by high-frequency electric current;
  5. Chemical coagulation is a technique based on chemical damage to neoplasm tissues. It may take about 50 sessions to remove a single manifestation;
  6. Cryodestruction - removal of neoplasms is carried out by destroying its cells with liquid nitrogen. Under the influence of extremely low temperatures, tissues completely die off. Relapses are extremely rare.

In addition to traditional medicine, there are also methods for getting rid of the described misfortune in men using recipes of traditional healers.

Traditional methods for curing HPV

Despite the effectiveness of treatment when contacting medical institutions, many representatives of the strong part of humanity want to avoid a visit to the hospital and try to be cured with folk methods.

However, the success of a particular event is questionable. The main recommendations are as follows:

  • Externally treat warts or condylomas with fresh celandine juice - as this is a very aggressive substance that, at high concentrations, can burn the skin. Such a technique can be harmful - celandine juice will act as an allergen and lead to a severe allergic reaction, in which you need to call an ambulance. Complete elimination of the manifestations of the infection is unlikely, however, as well as complete elimination of the growth;
  • Milkweed juice mixed with an oily solution of vitamin E is fraught with allergic reactions and the absence of even a short-term effect.

There is not a single case proven by medical research when such techniques were effective. Their only advantage over traditional ones is their low cost and ease of use. However, without auxiliary therapy with medicines and increasing the immune function of the body, there will not be even a minimal effect from traditional methods of fighting the papillomavirus.

Considering the methods and thinking about a certain one, it is required to take into account the fact that the human papillomavirus cannot be cured in either men or women. The patient remains a constant carrier of the infection and, with any serious decline in the protective functions of the body, the virus will begin to manifest itself again.

Removal by any means can remove manifestations, but not the source. However, if not removed, the growths will capture only large volumes of tissues and mucous membranes, actively growing and forming large neoplasms.

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