How To Find Out If A Cat Has Worms And What To Do?

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How To Find Out If A Cat Has Worms And What To Do?
How To Find Out If A Cat Has Worms And What To Do?

Video: How To Find Out If A Cat Has Worms And What To Do?

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How To Tell If Your Cat Has Worms - Cat Health Care! 2023, February

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  • Worms in cats
  • How to determine the presence of worms in a cat or kitten by external signs
  • Types of worms affecting cats

    • Heart worms
    • Symptoms of tapeworm infection
    • Round worms
    • Pinworms
    • Ascaris symptoms
  • Indirect signs

    How to independently identify worms

  • Why you need to treat worms correctly and quickly
  • You can defeat parasites!

Worms are parasitic worms that inhabit various organs and tissues of animals and humans. It is a deep misconception that helminths (worms) parasitize only in the intestines!

And the same deep delusion to think that those worms that pets have have nothing to do with the human body. Another dangerous misconception: the cat does not go out into the yard, which means that it cannot have worms! How to know if a cat has worms and how to treat them?

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

How to know if a cat has worms
How to know if a cat has worms

Worms in cats

Distinguish between flat, round and spiny-headed helminths. Flatworms are subdivided into trematodes (flukes) and cestodes (tapeworms).

Worms affect the brain, lungs, liver, skin, blood-forming organs and other tissues and systems of the feline body. The brightness of the manifestation of the disease depends not only on the general condition of the cat, but also on the number of helminths in its body. Different types of these worms can perfectly coexist with each other.

Most often, worms from the class of trematodes (Trematoda) are found in cats - flukes, cestodes (Cestoda), tapeworms and roundworms - directly Nematoda. All of these worms have a strong pathogenic effect on the feline body.

Kittens especially suffer from worms, the death of whole litters is often observed, but adult animals can also die.

Parasites must be "removed" from the body! If worms are found in a domestic cat, then all family members should be subject to preventive treatment, even those who "did not touch your cat." Submission of repeated tests for I / worm is obligatory for both the pet and everyone who lives with the cat under the same roof.

This is a necessity, since mainly animals become infected with worms from each other through feces, wool and saliva. Kittens can catch helminths through the mother's soiled nipples, if the cat's worms were not etched before delivery. Infection of people with feline parasites occurs through hands, dishes, cat litter box, things on which the pet slept.

Long worms in a cat
Long worms in a cat

How to determine the presence of worms in a cat or kitten by external signs

  1. A swollen, tight belly (especially in kittens)
  2. "Wolf" appetite
  3. Frequent constipation followed by breakthrough diarrhea
  4. Dull, matted coat
  5. Faded look, dull or yellowed white of the eye
  6. Visible third eyelid (blinking membrane)
  7. Itchy skin
  8. Cardiopalmus
  9. Muscle weakness
  10. Sledding
  11. Frequent, nervous licking of the anus and root of the tail
  12. Restless sleep, unmotivated aggression (increased irritability)
  13. A hoarse cough, often accompanied by vomiting of bile. This cough, as a rule, is an indicator of infection of the animal with roundworms.

How to understand that a kitten has worms? A kitten, in whose body the parasites have settled, lags behind in growth and development, it has weak hind legs and a wobbly gait, the hair under the tail is dirty, the anus is inflamed, there may be eczema and cramps.

Each of these symptoms is an indicator of a certain disease, but if all the "stars converge", then there is no doubt about the presence of worms in the cat.

Types of worms affecting cats

More than two dozen varieties of parasites can infect various tissues and organs of cats. It is possible to treat a cat only when the type of parasitic infection is precisely determined. First you need to figure out how different types of worms manifest themselves.

Heart worms

Parasites that attack the heart are the most dangerous type of worms that are difficult to treat. When affected by this type of infection, there is a high risk of death if the disease is not detected and cured in time. Dirofilariae - parasites that choose the heart of an animal as their habitat, can lead to heart failure and cause severe complications.

Heartworms in dogs
Heartworms in dogs

Symptoms of dirofilariasis in cats:

  • extreme weight loss;
  • shortness of breath, breathing disorder;
  • poor appetite, the cat may refuse to eat even his favorite treats;
  • lethargy;
  • cough;
  • discharge from the nose;
  • vomiting.

Dirofilariasis does not develop immediately in the heart. At first, roundworms live in a cat's blood vessels. If the worms die inside the cat's body, serious complications can develop, up to the death of the pet.

Important! The clinical picture of dirofilariasis is very similar to the symptoms of asthma. Therefore, if the veterinarian suspects asthma in a pet, you need to check it for the presence of heart worms.

Symptoms of tapeworm infection

Tapeworms are the number one feline enemy. They can affect not only the intestines, but also internal organs. Helminths are a threat to pet's life. They are carried by other animals. There may be absolutely healthy individuals that act only as an intermediate host. But if tapeworm larvae have begun to develop in the cat's body, you need to deal with them as quickly as possible.

Tape worms
Tape worms

Here are the main symptoms of tapeworm infection:

  • violation of the functioning of the digestive tract;
  • lethargy;
  • loss and tarnishing of the coat;
  • vomiting;
  • discharge from the eyes;
  • bloating.

Tapeworms are very common. Infection can occur through food, for example, if a cat eats raw fish or meat. Fleas and other parasites can also carry this dangerous parasitic infection.

Round worms

Roundworms develop in the intestines of the animal and are dangerous in that they release toxins in the process of life, and also lead to depletion of the body.

Symptoms of a roundworm infection in cats are:

  • weight loss, rapid weight loss;
  • intense thirst;
  • decreased appetite, complete refusal of food is possible;
  • growth retardation in kittens;
  • discharge from the nose, sour eyes;
  • drowsiness, lethargy;
  • behavioral changes.

Infection most often occurs in cats older than 5-6 months. But it is not uncommon for cats to infect their kittens during the milk-feeding period. In order for the pet not to become infected, it is important to create favorable conditions for it and periodically give anthelmintic drugs for preventive purposes.

Round worms
Round worms


Pinworms are one of the most common parasitic infections. It doesn't matter if the cat lives around the clock in an apartment or house, or goes for walks, everyone can get infected. The problem is that nematodes are ubiquitous. They can live in soil, in food. The source of infection can be anything, such as a breeder's outdoor shoes.

Symptoms of pinworm infestation in cats:

  • loss of appetite;
  • a sharp decrease in body weight;
  • increased thirst;
  • dry mucous membranes;
  • lethargy, apathy, other changes in behavior, for example, increased aggressiveness;
  • bloating.

When pinworm larvae develop in the pet's intestines, pinworms can be observed in the cat's feces. This is a type of parasitic infection that can be distinguished with the naked eye without using any specialized medical equipment.

Important! If nematodes are found in a cat, it is necessary to check all residents of the house and carry out treatment at the same time, as well as disinfect the home. It is also useful to carry out preventive worms every six months, to prevent the development of parasites.

How to treat pinworms in a child
How to treat pinworms in a child

Ascaris symptoms

It is important to understand that roundworms are a life-threatening parasite. Ascaris infection is most dangerous for kittens. This type of parasite leads to a delay in growth and development, and can cause serious complications. Ascariasis in veterinary practice occurs no less often than other types of parasitic infections, but with an untimely diagnosis, there is a risk of certain difficulties in the treatment process.

Ascariasis in cats is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • bloating;
  • diarrhea or constipation;
  • poor appetite;
  • enlarged liver and jaundice;
  • vomiting;
  • itching in the anus, redness, or rash;
  • lethargy.

Often with ascariasis in kittens, development and growth are impaired. In adult cats, there may be a lack of coordination of movement. The danger lies in the fact that the symptoms of ascariasis do not always appear immediately. But if parasites have already begun to develop in the body, this often leads to pneumonia. In addition, ascaris infection significantly reduces the effectiveness of the pet's immune system.

Important! To prevent parasite infestation, do not feed your pet raw fish and meat.

Horse roundworm
Horse roundworm

Indirect signs

Indirect signs include mainly changes in the appearance of the animal, as well as a decrease in appetite or its aggravation, a perverse appetite or caprophagia can be observed.

  • The belly takes on a barrel-like shape. It looks full and round, often drooping low. This happens with a strong degree of invasion. The difference between the barrel and belly of an obese cat is that other parts of the body do not have fat.
  • Severe wasting and loss of fat and muscle mass
  • The condition of the coat is an important indicator of health. Parasites deprive cats of a significant portion of their beneficial nutrients. The result can be confusion, dullness of the coat.
  • Frequent intestinal disorders (feces with mucus or an unusual color and consistency), vomiting
  • Types of helminths such as hookworms can cause anemia. Pay attention to the color of the mucous membranes. If you notice that they are pale, then you need to see a specialist.
  • In kittens, signs of the disease, in addition to those listed above, may be - developmental lag, smaller growth in comparison with peers, decreased activity, there may be dried crusts in the corners of the eyes.

All of these signs can indicate parasite infestation. For an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to pass an analysis of feces for parasites to a veterinary laboratory. Due to the fact that helminth eggs are not released every day, it is best to collect the analysis within three days in one jar and bring it for diagnosis. This technique gives more reliable results.

On the forums on the Internet dedicated to pets, owners often ask how to understand that a cat has worms. There are many signs of invasion. If you are tormented by suspicions - take tests to the clinic, get advice from a veterinarian.

Appropriate prophylaxis will be a great way to keep your pet healthy. It is advisable to give the cat anthelmintic drugs at least once every six months. The veterinarian will tell you about the doses of firms and the frequency of treatments during the appointment.

How to independently identify worms

There are obvious signs of the reproduction of worms in the animal's body and you can try to diagnose the problem yourself. So how do you know if a cat is infected with worms?

We recommend paying attention to symptoms such as:

  1. Development lag, which is typical for kittens, they grow poorly, do not develop enough;
  2. The quality of the wool. If it is dull, its loss is observed, then you need to revise the diet, add vitamins, carry out diagnostics, including for the presence of parasites;
  3. Problems with bowel movements, loose stools, frequent or prolonged constipation;
  4. Despite the cleanliness of cats, the constant licking of the anus should alert;
  5. Impurities form in the eyes, if removed, they form again in a short period;
  6. The gums and mucous membranes become whitish. This is a sign of anemia caused by parasites;
  7. Increased vomiting. If the cat vomited once, then, perhaps, this process was provoked by a fur or a fragment of food, but frequent reactions are symptoms of developing pathology or worms;
  8. Unnatural abdominal shape, barrel-shaped bloating;
  9. Feces structure. Blood, mucus, or the worms themselves appear in the feces.
Types of worms in cats: photo and description
Types of worms in cats: photo and description

If worms are found in a cat, you need to contact the clinic for the selection of the optimal anthelmintic agent. Since there are different types of worms, there are differences in their treatment.

At home, it is difficult to determine with accuracy which parasites the animal needs to be rid of.

In addition, many diseases of internal organs, pathologies that affect the immune system, improper care and nutrition of a cat have similar symptoms.

Why you need to treat worms correctly and quickly

Any infection with parasites of a pet threatens the transfer of infection to humans. The sooner measures are taken to effectively treat cat worms, the less likely it is that the owner and his entire family, especially children, will encounter a similar problem.

Although drugs for helminths are freely available, it is not recommended to choose them yourself. Experimental treatment, without prior diagnosis and consultation with a veterinarian, can lead not only to a lack of effect, but also aggravate the situation. There is a risk of death, especially for kittens, in the absence of timely and correct therapy.

If you suspect infection with worms, behavioral changes in the cat, immediately contact a veterinary clinic.

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