Coccobacillary Flora In A Smear In Women And Men: What Is It And What Is The Norm

Table of contents:

Coccobacillary Flora In A Smear In Women And Men: What Is It And What Is The Norm
Coccobacillary Flora In A Smear In Women And Men: What Is It And What Is The Norm
Video: Coccobacillary Flora In A Smear In Women And Men: What Is It And What Is The Norm
Video: Cervical Screening (SMEAR) - OSCE Guide 2023, February
Anonim

Page content

  • Coccobacillary flora - what is it?
  • Abundant and scanty coccobacillary flora in a smear
  • Coccobacillary flora in a smear in a woman

    Table of normal smear indices in women

  • Coccobacillary flora in a smear in men

    Table of normal smear rates in men

  • Coccobacillary flora in a smear during pregnancy and after childbirth
  • Disorders in a child
  • Treatment methods
  • You can defeat parasites!

In a normal state, the vaginal microflora consists of peptostreptococci, lacto and bifidobacteria. They prevent the development of vaginal pathogenic conditions. If the smear shows the presence of coccobacillary flora, it is a sign of a woman's health problems.

Coccobacillary flora - what is it?

It is a kind of bacteria combining two pathogenic forms of microorganisms - cocci, bacilli. The most common, well-known form of cocoballary bacteria is Haemophilus influenzae, which provokes the development of Haemophilus influenzae.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Kokki
Kokki
Image
Image

Kokki

Bacilli
Bacilli
Image
Image

Bacilli

Such bacteria also include the causative agents of gardnrellosis - gardnerella vaginalis, as well as the causative agent of chlamydia - chlamydia trachomatis.

Abundant and scanty coccobacillary flora in a smear

When pathogenic microflora is detected in the ointment, the main attention is paid to its quantity. Absence or scarcity of bacteria is considered normal. If an abundant number of bacilli is observed in a gynecological smear, this is a sign of health problems, which may be accompanied by mucous, purulent vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, and menstrual irregularities.

Characteristics of quantitative indicators of pathogenic flora:

Minor less than 0.5-1%
Moderate 2-8%
Increased 8-50%
Abundant more than 50%

Coccobacillary flora in a smear in a woman

The normal state of a woman's vaginal microflora is the most important factor in protection against pathogenic microorganisms.

However, its composition is not constant, since it depends on hormonal levels, the state of the immune system, the presence of genital infections. The development of inflammatory processes, vaginal dysbiosis become the cause of the appearance of coccobacillary flora in the smear.

The smear can detect:

  • hemophilic stick;
  • gardnerella vaginalis;
  • chlamydia trachomatis.

Chlamydiae are extremely rare in ordinary smears; PCR analysis is required for their diagnosis. Haemophilus influenzae often cause nonspecific colpitis, is found in gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and many other STIs.

The reasons for the appearance of pathogenic microflora include:

  • excessive intimate hygiene, self-douching without consulting a doctor;
  • alternation of different types of sex during one sexual intercourse without observing hygiene rules;
  • social conditions of an unfavorable nature;
  • taking antibiotics;
  • hormone replacement, immunosuppressive therapy;
  • the use of intrauterine contraceptives;
  • diseases of the endocrine, nervous systems, ovarian dysfunctions;
  • extragenital infections;
  • surgical intervention;
  • transferred radiation therapy.
Coccobacillary flora in a smear in a woman
Coccobacillary flora in a smear in a woman
Image
Image

Coccobacillary flora in a smear in a woman under a microscope

Table of normal smear indices in women

Indicators Urethra (norm) Vagina (norm) Cervical canal (norm)
Leukocytes 0-5 in f / z 0-10 in f / z 0-15-30 in f / z
Epithelium Moderate or 5-10 in f / s Moderate or 5-10 in f / s Moderate or 5-10 in f / s
Slime Moderate / absent Moderately Moderately
Gonococci Not found Not found Not found
Trichomonas Not found Not found Not found
Yeast mushrooms (Candida) Not found Not found Not found
Microflora Is absent A large number of sticks or lactobacilli Is absent
Key cells Absent Absent Absent

Any deviations from the norm are a sign of pathological, inflammatory processes. To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor needs to interpret the set of tests.

Slight overestimations of the norm can be interpreted as an individual norm, especially if the patient has no complaints, no symptoms appear.

Coccobacillary flora in a smear in men

If smear tests show the presence of coccobacillary flora, this is a sign of the development of sexually transmitted diseases in the body, for example, trichomnonia. Also, such analyzes may indicate diseases that are not sexually transmitted.

The presence of pathogenic flora can signal hormonal imbalance, disruption of the immune system, an allergic illness, or the use of potent antibiotics. Such factors significantly increase the likelihood of developing coccobacillary microflora.

In a man's smear, a minimum number of cocci is always observed, which do not threaten his health. Neglect of hygiene rules, a weakened immune system provoke the active development of these bacteria.

As a result, there are various kinds of inflammatory processes, a general deterioration in the condition. If any symptoms appear, a man needs to see a urologist for an examination.

In case of malfunctions in the body, the activity of coccobacillary microbes increases, which can cause the following symptoms:

  • itching, burning in the groin;
  • dryness of the mucous membrane;
  • purulent discharge with an unpleasant odor;
  • disturbance and pain during urination;
  • high temperature;
  • general weakness.
Coccobacillary flora in a smear in men
Coccobacillary flora in a smear in men
Image
Image

Coccobacillary flora in a smear in men

Table of normal smear rates in men

Indicators Urethra (norm)
Leukocytes 0-5 in f / z
Epithelium 5-10 in f / z
Slime Moderate amount
Kokki Single
Yeast mushrooms Absent
Gonococci Absent
Trichomonas Absent

Coccobacillary flora in a smear during pregnancy and after childbirth

A pregnant woman is faced with a weakened immune system, hormonal changes, an increased feeling of anxiety, which is an ideal environment for disturbing the vaginal microflora. Therefore, the risk of developing coccobacillary flora is significantly increased, which can seriously harm the mother and the unborn child.

In addition to the unpleasant symptoms in the form of profuse discharge, burning and dryness of the vagina, the infection interferes with the process of bearing the fetus. The likelihood increases:

  • miscarriage;
  • bleeding;
  • detachment of the placenta;
  • premature birth.
Coccobacillary flora in a smear during pregnancy
Coccobacillary flora in a smear during pregnancy
Image
Image

Also, the presence of pathogenic flora in the smear becomes the cause of various complications of pregnancy. In addition to intrauterine infection, the infection can be transmitted to the child during childbirth, negatively affecting his development and health.

For this reason, during pregnancy, the doctor takes a swab twice from the woman. The first when registering, the second at the 30th week of pregnancy. If necessary, the delivery of the analysis can be assigned unscheduled.

Even after childbirth, a woman needs to undergo regular examinations, because the presence of pathogenic flora requires the use of certain treatment methods. The bacteria can harm both mothers and newborns.

Disorders in a child

Quite often in children, more often in girls, coccobacillary flora is found in a smear. This phenomenon is associated with a fragile organism, which entails a tendency to infection with various microorganisms.

Also, this condition can be observed with improper diet, increased intellectual, physical exertion, ignoring the rules of hygiene.

To prevent infection, you must adhere to preventive measures:

  • exclude the child's use of low-quality products;
  • teach your baby the rules of caring for his body.

If an infection is detected, the child may be prescribed washing with medicinal broths, baths with chlorophyllipt, taking drugs with lactobacilli.

Treatment methods

If the number of bacteria in the smear is insignificant and is not accompanied by negative symptoms, the appointment of special therapy is not required. However, this requires regular visits to the doctor and the delivery of smears to control the activity of microflora.

Suppositories from coccobacil
Suppositories from coccobacil
Image
Image

If a large number of pathogenic microorganisms are found in the smear, the patient is prescribed special tests to accurately determine the pathogen. According to the results of the analyzes, it becomes possible to choose the right antibacterial drugs of the tetracycline group, macrolides, fluoroquinolones. Before prescribing drugs, tests for the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics are prescribed.

Local treatment with suppositories based on metronidazole or clotrimazole ointments is under the supervision of a physician. In addition to drug treatment, douching with herbal decoctions can be used.

Timely detection of the disease is the key to a quick cure. To prevent infection, you need to follow preventive measures, regularly visit a doctor for tests, smears.

Popular by topic