Urealiticum In Men: Symptoms, Drugs, How To Treat

Table of contents:

Urealiticum In Men: Symptoms, Drugs, How To Treat
Urealiticum In Men: Symptoms, Drugs, How To Treat
Video: Urealiticum In Men: Symptoms, Drugs, How To Treat
Video: Ureaplasma 2023, February
Anonim

Page content

  • Ways of infection in men
  • Provoking factors
  • Symptoms of the disease
  • Possible complications of infection in men
  • Diagnostics and tests used

    • Where is the material for ureaplasmosis surrendered?
    • Biomaterial sampling rules
  • Treatment
  • Preventive measures
  • You can defeat parasites!

Before starting treatment, it is worth knowing what ureaplasma is. This is the name of the small bacteria that live on the mucous membranes of the organs of the genitourinary system. The human body is a favorable environment for the reproduction of the causative agent of the disease. Ureaplasma cnp is considered conditionally pathogenic bacteria. If immunity is reduced, then microorganisms multiply, which leads to the development of pathology.

To date, three biovars have been identified, but only two are dangerous to humans: ureaplasma parvum and ureaplasma urealyticum. It is impossible to distinguish them on your own, since the signs are identical. The first type is classified as conditionally pathogenic bacteria, which do not manifest themselves with high immunity.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Many are interested in whether ureaplasma is a venereal disease or not? The disease is referred to as sexually transmitted infections. Both a man and a woman can get infected, regardless of age. "Is it transmitted through oral sex?" is another popular question that can be answered in the affirmative.



Ways of infection in men

In 95% of cases, men become infected during sexual contact with a carrier of the infection. The pathogen is transmitted from an infected woman through vaginal secretions, which contain high levels of bacteria. If with a single unprotected sex the risk is about 60%, then with a second one it already rises to 90%. Most often, once is enough, especially if the protective function is weakened. It should be remembered how ureaplasma is transmitted: through vaginal, as well as oral sex.

Ways of infection in men
Ways of infection in men
Image
Image

It is extremely rare that the disease is transmitted by contact-household means, this happens to people who have lowered immunity due to serious diseases. Bacteria outside the human body (for example, on washcloths, towels, linen) live a little. However, sometimes it is enough to visit a public bath to get sick. Symptoms are not immediately noticed - ureaplasma urealiticum in men does not manifest itself for some time, but a person is a source of infection.

So, the main routes of infection are sexual and household. There is also intrauterine, that is, the infection is transmitted from mother to child. There are many among couples who do not know whether ureaplasma can be the cause of infertility.

Provoking factors

If the infection did not occur during the first unprotected act with a carrier of bacteria, do not rely on luck. Everything can be explained by strong immunity, which prevents bacteria from multiplying. Ureaplasma infection in men is caused by various reasons, but more often - sexual contact with a sick person.

Under the influence of the following provoking factors, the development of pathology begins:

  • erosion and ulcers on the mucous membranes of the penis, through which any infection penetrates;
  • promiscuous sex;
  • early onset of intimate life;
  • lack of barrier contraception;
  • same sex sex;
  • recent surgery;
  • diseases of the genitourinary system;
  • weakened immunity.

The body's defense reaction may decrease after a serious illness, severe stress, and an unbalanced diet. The provoking factors include long-term use of antibiotics, antibacterial or hormonal drugs.

Provoking factors
Provoking factors
Image
Image

Symptoms of the disease

Ureaplasmosis in men rarely reaches a chronic form, although it is not so easy to notice the symptoms of the disease. Many, having identified changes, delay the moment of visiting a doctor until the last. The type of urealiticum resembles mycoplasma and gardnerella in symptoms, but different treatment is required.

Signs of ureaplasma in men:

  • discomfort in the groin area;
  • itching and burning when urinating;
  • soreness during intercourse;
  • odorless discharge.

The incubation period of ureaplasma in men lasts from two weeks to 3 months. All this time, a person may not detect a single symptom of the disease. The best way out is to regularly see a doctor and get tested.

Ureaplasma parvum is not accompanied by pronounced signs, it is diagnosed more often during a routine examination. The body is able to fight the infection on its own without any consequences. The risk of re-infection, as well as the development of inflammation, is always there.

Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of the disease
Image
Image

Possible complications of infection in men

An untreated acute form of ureaplasma becomes chronic, while the risk of developing the complications described below is quite high:

  • Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra. Its development is indicated by intensifying cramps and pain during urination, burning, itching;
  • Urethral stricture is the fusion of the canal walls with each other. The fusion is not complete, so urination is possible, but urine can be achieved only with a lot of effort;
  • Epididymitis - inflammation of the epididymis (testis) of the testicles. The disease does not lead to pain, but the inflamed appendage in the scrotum becomes dense, increases in size;
  • Asthenospermia is a decrease in sperm motility resulting from the parasitism of ureaplasmas. Asthenospermia is a form of male infertility;
  • Inflammation of the joints. Ureaplasma arthritis is extremely rare, but difficult to cure.
Possible complications of infection in men
Possible complications of infection in men
Image
Image

Diagnostics and tests used

In order to correctly diagnose the doctor, the patient prescribes several tests and tests to detect ureaplasma. As a biomaterial for the study, urine, blood, a smear from the walls of the vagina or urethra, scraping are used.

What kind of analysis is needed for the patient, the doctor decides on the basis of the symptoms and course of the disease, concomitant pathologies.

  • CULTURAL METHOD. Or otherwise bacteriological inoculation. A smear from the cervix or from the walls of the urethra is placed in a nutrient medium, in the presence of ureaplasmas, the process of their active reproduction begins, which is fixed by a laboratory assistant. At the same time, bacterial culture is used to identify the sensitivity of pathogenic microorganisms to antibiotics (it helps to choose the most effective medicine). Cultural analysis is one of the most accurate, but it takes an average of 3-7 days;
  • PCR - POLYMERASE CHAIN ​​REACTION. The accuracy of the diagnostic method is about 98%, and the results are ready in a few hours. The biomaterial used is vaginal secretions, urine. PCR detects areas of ureaplasma RNA in the human body, even if the microbe is contained in the sample in the smallest amount. But PCR also has its drawbacks - during the analysis it is impossible to obtain information about the degree of activity of the pathogen, the result may be false positive (if the biomaterial is collected incorrectly) or false negative. In the latter case, ureaplasmas are often not detected if the subject took antibiotics less than 4 weeks before sampling;
  • ELISA - IMMUNO-ENZYMED ANALYSIS. It consists in placing the patient's blood on a strip containing antigens with the alleged causative agent of the disease. ELISA detects not the pathogenic microorganism itself, but antibodies that the immune system produces. With each infection, certain complexes are produced, so the enzyme immunoassay is also considered accurate. The main disadvantage of the ELISA technique is that antibodies are not always produced in the body, therefore, ureaplasma may not be established.

Serological analysis can also be used, but compared with the above, it is less accurate.

Tests for worms in children
Tests for worms in children
Image
Image

Where is the material for ureaplasmosis surrendered?

It is now possible to hand over biomaterial for the detection of ureaplasma in almost any municipal and private clinic.

The diagnostic accuracy depends not only on the research method, but also on the equipment used in the selected laboratory.

Therefore, it is better to carry out diagnostics in modern medical centers that specialize in laboratory diagnostics.

Biomaterial sampling rules

The accuracy of laboratory methods for detecting ureaplasmosis depends on how correctly the biomaterial is taken:

  • Blood tests are taken in the morning on an empty stomach;
  • When collecting urine, it is advisable not to urinate for at least 5 hours, so a morning portion of urine is required;
  • When taking a scraping from the urethra, men should not urinate for at least 2 hours;
  • For women, a vaginal smear and scraping are not taken on the days of menstruation, it is preferable to take the biomaterial in the middle of the cycle;
  • Sexual intercourse should be avoided 2-3 days before taking biomaterial from the urethra and genitals;
  • Before taking a scraping and a smear, intimate hygiene is carried out in the evening on the eve of the analysis, in the morning this cannot be done;
  • Women, a few days before taking the biomaterial, need to abandon the use of local contraceptives in the form of ointments, suppositories, vaginal tablets, douche and wash with hot water.

False negative results can occur if the patient has been taking antiviral or antibacterial drugs in less than a month. Therefore, the doctor should be warned about such treatment.

Treatment

Dosage and regimens for taking various antibiotics:

  1. From the tetracycline series of antibiotics, drugs based on doxycycline (Doxa-M-Ratiopharm, Unidox Solutab, Vibramycin-D) are best tolerated - 100 mg / 2 times a day for 7-14 days. The first reception is to double the dosage;
  2. Tetracycline (Oletetrin) requires large amounts - 500 mg / 4 times a day, treatment takes 7-10 days;
  3. Azithromycin (Azax, Aziaggio, Azibiot, Azivok, Azimed, Azin, Azinort, Azipol, Azitro, Azitrohexal, Azitrox, Azitrom, Azo, Azro, Arean, Defens, Zatrin, Zetamax, Zimax, Zetamax, Ziomin, Ziromin, Zitrohexal Zitrox, Zitroleks, Zomax, Ormax, Hemomycin, Sumamed, Azitral) - 250 mg / 1 time per day, 6 days. Or 1 g of the drug for 1 dose;
  4. Josamycin, Wilprafen - 500 mg three times a day, the course lasts 1-2 weeks;
  5. Erythromycin (Eomycin) - 500 mg / 2 times a day. According to this scheme, take 7-14 days;
  6. Clarithromycin (Aziklar, Clamed, Klabel, Claranta, Clarbact, Clarimax, Clarit, Claritro, Clarithrohexal, Claricid, Claricin, Clafar, Klatsilar, Cleron, Klacid, Klabax, Clerimemed, Lecoclar, Meristat, Free-Max, Poecromilid-Max 250 mg / 2 times a day (in the chronic form - 500 mg once a day), the course of treatment takes 1-2 weeks;
  7. Ofloxacin (Taricin, Geoflox, Zoflox, Loflox, Ofaxin, Oflobak, Oflohexal, Floxan, Oflo, Zanocin, Tsiprolet, Tsifran OD, Tsifran ST) - 200 mg / 2 times a day, 7-10 days;
  8. Pefloxacin (Abaktal, Peflocin, Unicpef) - 600 mg once a day, 7-10 days;
  9. Moxifloxacin (Maxicin, Avelox, Moxetero, Moxivar, Moximak, Moxin, Moxoft, Moxiftor, Moflax, Mofloxin Lupine, Tevalox) - 400 mg / 1 time per day, the course lasts 10 days.



In addition to medications, physical therapy, and herbs, there are a number of tips you need to get rid of the disease successfully:

  1. Gentle diet: a minimum amount of fatty, fried, smoked and spicy foods. It is also worth excluding protein-rich foods or eating them in moderation - this will reduce the burden on the kidneys;
  2. Observe the drinking regime - drink at least 2.5 liters per day, in the warm season - more;
  3. Exclude sexual contact;
  4. Do not drink alcohol;
  5. When treating with tetracyclines, avoid sunlight, dairy products and carbonated water.

After the course of treatment, in a month you need to pass control tests and conduct an ultrasound examination of the prostate.

Antibiotics can disrupt the microflora, therefore, it will be necessary to restore it with such means as Fluconazole (antimycotic drug), Linex (lactic acid bacteria), and adherence to a diet rich in lactic acid products and plant foods. Also, funds are required to support the functioning of the liver - Karsil, Gepabene.

Preventive measures

Prevention of ureaplasmosis does not differ from measures of protection against other sexually transmitted diseases:

  1. Use of contraceptives (condoms);
  2. Having one permanent sexual partner;
  3. Preventive examination and analyzes at least 1 time in 6 months (better - more often);
  4. Disinfecting treatment of the urethra after intercourse - Chlorhexidine or Miramistin.

Also dangerous is the frequent combination of ureaplasma with other STDs, which were not initially identified, but they became known after the start of therapy.

Ureaplasmosis is an insufficiently studied disease and the opinion of specialists about its danger is very different. It is better to get rid of the disease in a timely manner in order to protect yourself from discomfort and the likelihood of complications.

Popular by topic