Insects Parasites Of Humans And Animals: Species, Description

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Insects Parasites Of Humans And Animals: Species, Description
Insects Parasites Of Humans And Animals: Species, Description

Video: Insects Parasites Of Humans And Animals: Species, Description

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Microbiology of Parasites 2023, February
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  • Varieties of insect parasites
  • Redling mites
  • Parasitic insects: wasp rider
  • Larvae of parasites of walnut and oak galls
  • Ants are parasites
  • Bed bugs are harmful bloodsucking
  • Household bloodsuckers - mosquitoes
  • Insect pests
  • Cockroaches are the most frequent "guests" in the house
  • Types and eating habits of moths
  • You can defeat parasites!

Insects are the largest class of invertebrates on the planet, with over a million species. Of course, without them, life on Earth is impossible, but a huge number of insects lead a parasitic lifestyle, with which mankind has been at war since time immemorial.

There are also insects that are safe for us, but dangerous for animals, but mostly parasites are not selective.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Varieties of insect parasites

Parasites differ from symbiosis in the exact opposite - they simply kill the host organism, which gives them life. Why nature works this way is not clear, apparently the regulation of the population.

Parasites worsen the general well-being of the animal, and can also carry an infectious disease.

They can be conditionally divided into 2 types - endoparasites and ectoparasites. The former live inside the body (worms, larvae), developing until the end of a certain cycle, the latter only damage the skin surface (blood-sucking). Ectoparasites are in a sense more pleasant - they drank blood and flew away (as a rule, these are female individuals, and blood is needed not for them, but for their offspring), but endoparasites can live for a month or two both under the skin of an animal and in internal organs like the stomach and colon. The gadfly larvae even prefer to spend the whole winter under the skin of the owner.

Ophion luteus
Ophion luteus
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Ophion luteus

Redling mites

Redling mites have a plump, fluffy, cushion-like body and eye-catching red coloration. As you might guess, with such a charming appearance, these mites have a rather disgusting taste.

Although these mites develop into active predators in adulthood, their larvae quietly parasitize other insects. The larvae of redling mites have many hosts, but, for example, in India, they try to stick to crickets.

Extracts from the body of mites are used in oriental medicine to treat male infertility and paralysis. Scientific studies have shown that different parts of the body of redling mites have anti-fungal and antibacterial properties. The larva of the red beetle mite parasitizing the moth.

Redling mites
Redling mites
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Parasitic insects: wasp rider

Parasitic insects of the Ichneumon Rider family got their name from their resemblance to the mystical creature Ichneumon, which was supposedly the sworn enemy of dragons.

Wasp of the family Ichneumonid wasps

“Ikhnemon” in translation from Greek means a hunter, hunting wild animals. This name is most suitable for a wasp from another family - Braconids. Interestingly, a wasp can be trained to identify many subtle odors, such as explosives or drugs. Surprisingly, these creatures learn much faster and easier than bloodhound dogs!

Caterpillar with wasp larvae parasitizing on it

Moreover, these parasitic wasps are not able to sting a person, and also require very simple food - sweet water.

Life cycle
Life cycle
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The process of laying eggs in the bodies of other insects

Larvae of parasites of walnut and oak galls

Oak gall is an ink nut created by the larvae of walnut wasps. Historically, it was used to make ink. The ink is made by adding iron to a solution of tannic acid, which is extracted from oak gall.

This ink was the standard used for writing and drawing in Europe from the 5th to the 19th century !

Ants are parasites

There are certain types of ants that are social parasites. They destroy the nests of carpenter ants, and turn the surviving worker ants into their slaves.

After mating flight, the queens of these ants can end up in the nest of carpenter ants and drive out the queen living there.

Called "medical ants," these ants have been used as ingredients in medicines in China and Taiwan for thousands of years. Research shows that ant body extracts have strong pain relieving and anti-inflammatory effects.

The cochineal worm is an insect that lives on prickly pear cacti. A special feature of this insect is that it is processed to produce cochineal paint.

Cochineal exports were second only to silver in the Spanish colonies of the New World. Spain went through a severe financial crisis when synthetic dyes were invented because most of the cochineal factories went bankrupt.

Today, natural dye production is reviving and interest is re-emerging in cochineal, as it is an excellent natural substitute for food colors based on coal or gasoline by-products.

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Bed bugs are harmful bloodsucking

Bedbugs belong to the group of blood-sucking, can bring tangible harm to humans. The insect is easy to recognize by its characteristic features:

  • body length is 4 to 8 mm;
  • shell color - light yellow or dark brown;
  • active at nightfall;
  • the only food is blood.

Parasites live on average up to one year. It is easy to find them in old pillows, mattresses, as well as between floorboards, under linoleum, wallpaper or baseboards. Bed bugs leave bites on the human body. In general, they are not dangerous, but they can cause allergic reactions.

Bed bug
Bed bug
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Bed bug

Household bloodsuckers - mosquitoes

Having a clear understanding of what domestic insects exist in the apartment (the photos and names below will simplify the recognition task), you can quickly navigate when meeting with representatives of different groups to develop a plan to combat and prevent their appearance.

The mosquito, for example, also belongs to the group of bloodsucking and is found in the house with the onset of warm days in almost everyone. The insect has a body length of up to 7 mm, most often it is yellow in color.

The average female mosquito lives 43 to 57 days on average. Life expectancy is affected by temperature and humidity conditions, but most of all - by the availability of power sources. The male lives no more than 19 days.

Considering that female mosquitoes feed on human blood, they can be considered pests. Insects can cause malaria, meningitis, yellow fever, and other diseases.

Insect pests

Woodworms are furniture pests, laying eggs in depressions and small cracks. In three years, the larva grows into an adult. They make moves in the wood, where they live.

Human life is associated with wildlife, and insects are part of it. This neighborhood has been going on since time immemorial. Some insects have even been domesticated by humans. For ants, there are special farms for growing them in apartments - formicaria.

Cockroaches are the most frequent "guests" in the house

Analyzing which insects at home are capable of disturbing peace and comfort, it is difficult to forget about cockroaches. Everyone has encountered their neighborhood at least once in his life. Insects belong to the category of harmful domestic insects, which, like the previous representatives of this group, lead an active nocturnal lifestyle. The body size of a cockroach does not exceed 9.5 cm. The color is predominantly yellow-brown or dark.

Pests choose all kinds of food residues as a food source, and do not hesitate to feces. An adult lives for about 30 weeks in secluded places, without being seen by a person. Most often these are holes between the floor and the baseboard, cabinets and chests, old suitcases, etc.

Pests cause damage to indoor plants, furniture, food, can spread dangerous infections and cause the development of helminths.

Types and eating habits of moths

Domestic butterflies reveal themselves as soon as they appear. They circle in different rooms, depending on where the offspring are laid. There are several types of moths:

  • wardrobe (lives in closets);
  • fur coat (feeds on natural fibers of fur clothing);
  • furniture (populates upholstery);
  • food (spoils groceries).

The adult looks inconspicuous. Its color changes depending on the species (milky, brown, gray), the size is small. Butterflies are characterized by the absence of a digestive system (it is underdeveloped), which does not allow them to eat, which means that only pest larvae spoil food and things. These are caterpillars of a light shade that develop in the same place where they feed. They form a small sheath around them; when moving, it moves with the caterpillar.

The main function of adults is reproduction. The moth lays eggs and then dies. The larvae appear after 2 weeks and begin to actively destroy items of furniture and food. However, this does not mean that it is not necessary to breed adults. On the contrary, the earlier they disappear, the fewer larvae will appear in the future. The moth found in food is more difficult to combat, since it eliminates the possibility of using chemical insecticides. You can only handle cabinets.

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