Tetracycline: How To Use It Correctly, Composition And Analogues

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Tetracycline: How To Use It Correctly, Composition And Analogues
Tetracycline: How To Use It Correctly, Composition And Analogues

Video: Tetracycline: How To Use It Correctly, Composition And Analogues

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Video: Structure of Tetracycline: Drawing of structure easily and correctly 2023, February
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Page content

  • pharmachologic effect
  • Release form
  • Composition
  • Indications for use
  • Contraindications
  • Side effect
  • Analogs
  • Terms of dispensing from pharmacies
  • You can defeat parasites!

Tetracycline is a broad-spectrum bacteriostatic antibiotic, usually intended for systemic use.

Its effectiveness is evidenced by the fact that, along with the treatment of common diseases, it is used in complex therapy to neutralize pathogens of such extremely dangerous diseases as plague, anthrax and cholera.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

pharmachologic effect

Its action is to inhibit the growth and reproduction of pathogens by inhibiting the synthesis of protein molecules.

The process is carried out at the molecular level due to the drug's ability to penetrate into the microorganism and disrupt the interaction between ribosomes, which produce protein molecules, and transport RNA, which carries genetic material.

Release form

The release form can be different: in the form of coated tablets, powder in ampoules for injection, ointments: tetracycline eye ointment contains 1% of the active substance, and 3% ointment is intended for external use.

In addition, tetracycline eye drops are actively used in ophthalmology. For children, the drug is available in the form of syrups and suspensions. Instructions for use are attached to each form of release.

Release form
Release form
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Image

Handicap release

Composition

The main active ingredient of the drug is tetracycline hydrochloride. Each form of release has its own additional components. So, in tablets it is talc, starch, calcium stearate, etc., as well as shell components: polysorbate, hypromellose, etc. The ophthalmic ointment also includes sodium sulphide pyro, petrolatum, ceresin, etc.

Indications for use

The drug helps against a huge number of diseases, in particular, from the following infections:

  • respiratory tract (pneumonia, bronchitis, laryngitis, etc.);
  • oral cavity (stomatitis, gingivitis, etc.);
  • the urogenital canal (sexually transmitted diseases, etc.);
  • skin (rosacea, acne, etc.);
  • eye (conjunctivitis, keratitis, blepharitis, etc.).

This drug is also used for diarrhea, as well as for a number of diseases of infectious etiology, many of which are deadly. The dosage and duration of the course in each case should be determined by the doctor.

Contraindications

Not recommended for use:

  • children under 8 years old;
  • during pregnancy and breastfeeding;
  • with leukopenia;
  • in violation of the kidneys and liver;
  • with individual drug intolerance.

Side effect

The drug can cause a number of side effects, in particular, disturbances in the work of the digestive, nervous, urinary systems, as well as hematopoietic organs. Allergic reactions are also possible.

Analogs

Tetracycline began to be used in the 50s of the 20th century, so it is not surprising that many microorganisms have developed resistance to it. However, many new generation analogues have appeared: doxycycline, metacyclin, morphocyclin, glycocycline, oleandomycin, which have a similar effect.

Terms of dispensing from pharmacies

In pharmacies it is dispensed with a prescription, its price fluctuates around 80 rubles, the ointment will cost half the price.

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