What Are The Consequences Of Worms In The Human Body, How Dangerous Are Parasites For Children And Adults

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What Are The Consequences Of Worms In The Human Body, How Dangerous Are Parasites For Children And Adults
What Are The Consequences Of Worms In The Human Body, How Dangerous Are Parasites For Children And Adults

Video: What Are The Consequences Of Worms In The Human Body, How Dangerous Are Parasites For Children And Adults

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Video: How Worms Survive Inside Your Body 2023, February

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  • General consequences of helminthiasis
  • Digestive disorders
  • General malaise, disorders of the nervous system
  • Allergies and skin manifestations
  • Deterioration of immunity and infectious diseases
  • Consequences of worms in children
  • Consequences of worms during pregnancy
  • Consequences of opisthorchiasis
  • The consequences of pinworms
  • Consequences of worm infestations in dogs and cats
  • You can defeat parasites!

Worms (or helminths) - human and animal parasites, have a simple structure, belong to the class of round or flat worms. The development of parasites occurs in the following stages: egg - larva - adult.

You can get infected at any stage. Most often, this happens when eggs are swallowed, which then ripen in the intestines. The hatched larvae migrate to the place most suitable for them in terms of habitat, where they turn into adults.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Contrary to popular belief, very few of the parasites (pinworms, for example) remain in the intestines. And the symptoms and tissue damage caused by the larvae during the "journey" are more pronounced and significant than the damage caused by adult parasites.

For example, the most common worms in humans - roundworms, usually enter the body with contaminated foods (the eggs of these parasites ripen in the ground), larvae hatch in the intestines, which penetrate through the intestinal walls into the blood vessels, and are carried into the lungs by the blood stream.

Pinworms, ascaris
Pinworms, ascaris

Pinworms, ascaris

With this "migration", many symptoms of various diseases are manifested: allergies, coughs, asthmatic attacks, fever. And the presence of adults in the intestines may go unnoticed by humans.

General consequences of helminthiasis

  • Metabolic disorders. Parasites absorb many of the valuable nutrients that enter the body. At the same time, the process of absorption of digested food is disrupted in the intestine, and there is a shortage of proteins, vitamins, minerals and other elements. As a result, the development of vitamin deficiency, anemia, constant hunger, etc. In addition, the waste products of some parasites are able to neutralize the action and suppress the production of digestive enzymes, which contributes to a change in microflora, creates favorable conditions for the development of pathogenic organisms and the occurrence of intestinal dysbiosis;
  • Suppression of immunity. As a result of the vital activity of helminths, an immunodeficiency occurs in the human body, which reduces the resistance to viral and bacterial infections;
  • Inflammatory processes, damage to body tissues. Parasites damage tissues, fixing on them with the help of special devices (hooks, thorns, plates), provoke the development of the inflammatory process. In addition, rapidly developing organisms (for example, echinococcal cysts or cysticercus) squeeze adjacent tissues, which leads to disruption of the vital organs (brain, eyes, liver) and is fraught with serious consequences.

The thought that such "pets" are wandering around is not very warm. But let's be optimists, because life is beautiful. The world around us is full of all sorts of surprises: bacteria, viruses, parasites. And we contain whole kilograms of such biomass and there is nothing pathological in it. We are not created to live in an absolute sterile environment, we will simply die there.

Some of these organisms have a positive effect, because they are involved in improving immunity, the synthesis of certain vitamins, and digestion works in a different way thanks to them.

General consequences of helminthiasis
General consequences of helminthiasis

I don't want to call helminths useful animals for humans, but there are some that are safe (intestinal parasites) and especially dangerous (parasites that live in other organs: lungs, liver, eyes, and even in the brain!). In the latter case, everyone thinks how to recover quickly, because the problem is very serious.

It happens that helminths leave the host's body, even when he does not know about their existence in his body. For example, you can get rid of worms with a head of garlic or hormonal changes (in the case of a pregnant woman), anything is possible.

If you decide to revolt against these parasites, not knowing what you are fighting with, you can make them angry. Thus, they can complicate the situation, penetrating the bile ducts and provoke a liver abscess. So, keep in mind, routine prevention isn't always helpful! Better to go through a hospital check for helminths.

Digestive disorders

If the parasites are localized in the intestines, and not in other organs, then the main signs in an adult and in a child are a violation of the digestive function. A person may be bothered by constant diarrhea or constipation, recurrent nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, pain in the right hypochondrium, near the navel, intestinal disorders. If intestinal parasites are brought up, flatulence is often worried.

It all depends on the massiveness of the infection. There are types of helminths that produce hormone-like substances, under the influence of which persistent diarrhea develops. If large worms grow large (such as tapeworms), they block the intestines and cause constipation.

General malaise, disorders of the nervous system

Worms live and secrete very large amounts of toxic substances, regardless of whether parasites live in the blood, in the liver, in the lungs of humans. The more massive the infection, the more pronounced the signs of intoxication of the body, which negatively affects the nervous system.

As a result, headache, dizziness and nausea develop. Some people take such signs for the development of migraines, and, as a result, they drink pain relievers.

Sometimes, when infected with parasites, the temperature rises, and pain in the joints worries. In addition, helminthic lesions provoke a deficiency of vitamins and nutrients in the body. This phenomenon, as well as depression of the nervous system, lead to the manifestation of chronic fatigue syndrome.

The patient feels tired, he is worried about sleepiness, a feeling of weakness in the body. When it comes to a child, he is capricious, constantly nervous. Young children have disturbed sleep, crying or screaming at night. Children of school age can study poorly due to inattention and fatigue.

Allergies and skin manifestations

Worms cause deterioration of the skin. The toxins that worms use to infect the body negatively affect its general condition and can provoke a variety of reactions on the skin.

Rashes appear as a result of the release of histamine from mast cells and the accumulation of the liquid part of the blood in the tissue with the raising of the epidermis.

The same reasons lead to the development of allergic reactions. In particular, itching, red spots, acne, urticaria, as well as dry cough, allergic rhinitis, manifestations of bronchial asthma may appear. Also, during infection, nails can exfoliate, hair brittleness is noted, and cracks appear on the heels.

"Hives" from parasites
"Hives" from parasites

"Hives" from parasites

Deterioration of immunity and infectious diseases

Since the worms feed in the body, they release toxic waste products. The toxic effect, a decrease in vitamins and minerals in the body, leads to the fact that the immunity of the infected person significantly deteriorates.

As a result, the state of health deteriorates in chronic diseases, inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx begin to disturb - sinusitis, stomatitis. In women and girls, vulvovaginitis, bacterial vaginosis are possible.

There is evidence that with prolonged infection with pinworms, inflammation of the appendages is possible. In this case, it is very important to timely detect their presence. Parasites in the liver also cause bad breath, a persistent bad taste.

It is also believed that worms in humans provoke snoring and nocturnal grinding of teeth. But at present, such a relationship has not been proven.

Consequences of worms in children

In the summer time, children spend a lot of time outdoors. They play in the sand, swim in ponds, and interact with pets. All this leads to the appearance of worms.

The consequences of worms in children can be very different. It all depends on what kind of parasite the child was infected with. When infected, the baby shows the usual signs of any disease.

Consequences of worms in children
Consequences of worms in children

Appetite disappears, a gag reflex occurs, nausea and salivation appear. The chair becomes unstable. Baby's mood can also change dramatically. Most often, the child sleeps restlessly and at night, teeth grinding is observed.

When worms appear, you need to go to the doctor to understand what the consequences may be. The child may have:

  • Dwarf tapeworm. It causes abdominal pain, insomnia and irritability;
  • Ascaris. These are one of the most dangerous worms, as they can live not only in the intestines, but throughout the body. Such a parasite reaches up to 12 centimeters in length. The child may have complications after the onset of helminthiasis. The cause of the appearance is unwashed hands, dirty clothes or toys;
  • Pinworms. This is the most common type of parasite. They cause itching in the anus, disrupt sleep, and cause pain in the abdomen. The consequences of helminthiasis are the occurrence of enterobiasis;

Some do not understand what worms lead to in humans. At an early age, with advanced cases, complications may appear, namely, skin rashes, obsessive eye movements, severe headaches, dizziness and even serious illnesses.

If there is even the slightest suspicion of the appearance of parasites, you need to seek help from specialists.

It is best to prevent the appearance of parasites. For this, it is necessary that the child washes his hands before eating and does not play with dirty things. You should also protect your baby from communicating with stray animals. Compliance with simple rules will allow avoiding unnecessary problems with treatment in the future.

The consequences of helminthiasis are dangerous not only for the child, but also for the pregnant woman.

Consequences of worms during pregnancy

Some doctors believe that the consequences of helminthic invasion are not too dangerous for the mother and her unborn child and that the appearance of parasites can be survived.

Such experts argue that the treatment can cause more dangerous consequences, since you will have to take unsafe drugs.

Other doctors believe that worms in pregnant women cause serious consequences and they need to be urgently removed. The only thing to remember about this is that treatment should be started no earlier than the second trimester. This is due to the fact that at an earlier date, the fetus is exposed to medications.

Treatment is due to the fact that there is a danger of intoxication, not only for the mother, but also for the developing fetus. Due to the activity of parasites, nutrients are absorbed much worse. The level of hemoglobin in the blood also decreases, and both the baby and his mother suffer from this.

Worms and pregnancy are incompatible things, since the consequences can be dangerous not only for health, but also for the life of the unborn baby. Roundworms are considered the most dangerous:

  • They are able to penetrate the placenta to the fetus. In the future, this will cause difficult childbirth or the appearance of diseases after birth;
  • For the mother, helminthiasis is also dangerous. Roundworms penetrate into any organs, thereby damaging them.

Pinworms are another unpleasant for a woman "in position". They irritate the perineum. When scratching the anus, the worms can penetrate the vagina. In the future, the woman develops an inflammatory, infectious process. In some cases, there is a possibility of appendicitis.

Congenital toxoplasmosis
Congenital toxoplasmosis

Congenital toxoplasmosis from parasites

It should be remembered that during the period of bearing a child, a serious change in the body occurs, therefore self-medication is categorically excluded. The doctor must examine not only the mother, but also the unborn child.

After diagnosis and all analyzes, the types of parasites that have infected the woman's body will be determined. According to this, a safer treatment will be prescribed.

In order not to face the consequences of worms, pregnant women should follow simple preventive measures. Normal hygiene reduces the likelihood of infection by several times. It is also recommended to keep an eye on your pets, which may become parasites.

Consequences of opisthorchiasis

The helminthic invasion caused by the feline fluke can proceed as an asymptomatic infection or progress to diseases of varying severity. The consequences of opisthorchiasis depend on the timeliness of detection and treatment.

Cat fluke
Cat fluke

Cat fluke

The feline fluke affects the gallbladder and its passages, liver tissue, and pancreatic ducts. Parasitizing, the worm has a toxic effect on the human body.

Hordes of flukes, their eggs, and accumulations of desquamated epithelium do not allow bile and pancreatic secretions to swell normally. The blockage causes the ducts to expand and become infected. In patients with severe invasion, cancers develop in the pancreas and liver.

The consequences of pinworms

Those waste products that are capable of massively secreting adults of the causative agent of enterobiasis can cause a sharp and persistent decrease in immunity, and also have a significant effect on the central nervous system.

Consequences of worm infestations in dogs and cats

Parasites can inhabit not only the intestines, but also the lungs, heart, liver. Some types of worms cause mechanical damage to the internal organs, which can lead to inflammatory processes.

In addition, all types of worms "steal" nutrients from the "owner" and poison his body with the products of their vital activity. Many helminthic infestations, especially in puppies and kittens, are fatal.

The accumulation of worms in the same organ leads to its rupture from the inside and, accordingly, instant death of the animal. Intestinal obstruction also leads to death, since a whole ball of worms can appear in the intestine.

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