Worms In The Leg: If There Is A Feeling That They Are Crawling Under The Skin

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Worms In The Leg: If There Is A Feeling That They Are Crawling Under The Skin
Worms In The Leg: If There Is A Feeling That They Are Crawling Under The Skin

Video: Worms In The Leg: If There Is A Feeling That They Are Crawling Under The Skin

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: worms burrowing under skin 2023, February
Anonim

Page content

  • Varieties of subcutaneous parasites and methods of infection
  • Symptoms of dirofilariasis
  • Symptoms of filariasis

    Onchocerciasis

  • Dracunculiasis
  • Cysticercosis
  • You can defeat parasites!

There are several parasites that can inhabit human skin. For the first time such worms were found in India, but now they are found in our latitudes. Parasites under the skin cause a lot of discomfort to a person and require treatment.

They are not as dangerous as worms in other organs, but with a long course of the disease they can lead to serious complications. In our article, we will list all types of subcutaneous parasites, the symptoms of the diseases that they provoke.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Varieties of subcutaneous parasites and methods of infection

If you want to know who is crawling under the skin, then the following subcutaneous parasites are found in people:

Dirofilariasis. This ailment provokes the larval stage of the nematode. Infection occurs when a mosquito (louse, flea or tick) bites, which is a carrier of the disease. A sexually mature individual reaches a length of 30 cm, and the larva of this parasite is microscopic. After infection, it develops under the human skin for 3 months. Domestic cats and dogs can also transmit the infection

Dirofilariasis
Dirofilariasis
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If we list what parasites live under the skin, then we cannot fail to mention filariae. Infection is caused by certain types of nematodes. In this case, various diseases arise: onchocerciasis, dipetalonematosis, loiasis and mansonellosis. Carriers of worms and their intermediate hosts are insects (mosquitoes, midges, horseflies, etc.). It is they who infect human filarias with larvae, as a result of which worms appear in the leg

Filarias
Filarias
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Another skin parasite in humans is the cysticercus larvae. They provoke cysticercosis. The invasion occurs through the intestines, where worms penetrate with dirty hands, water or food. Cysticercus is an oval vesicle containing the parasite's scolex inside. Subcutaneous worms can vary from round to fusiform. Man acts as an intermediate master

Cysticercus larvae
Cysticercus larvae
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Schistosomiasis is a disease that is provoked by worms in a person from the order of trematodes. These are fluke worms up to 2 cm long. The larvae of this parasite, which can swim in water, are cercariae. They can penetrate the human body directly through the skin. This infection can live in any organ, including under the skin

Schistosomiasis
Schistosomiasis
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Rishta is another worm under the skin. These white worms cause dracunculiasis and are classified as large nematodes. Their intermediate hosts are water-dwelling copepods. First, the parasite enters the human stomach, and then from the retroperitoneal space it penetrates under the skin. Males reach a length of 10 cm, and females - 120 cm

Guinea worm
Guinea worm
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Symptoms of dirofilariasis

The larvae of this parasite with the bloodstream can spread throughout the body and settle in the eyes, pulmonary artery, heart, serous cavities, peri-renal fatty tissue and under the skin. If there is an invasion by a type of worm called Dirofilaria repens, the conjunctiva or subcutaneous fat is affected.

The signs and symptoms of this disease are as follows:

  • painful seals appear at the site of the insect bite;
  • within a couple of days in a third of patients, there is a displacement of the seal by 20-30 cm from the site of the bite;
  • a person may feel distension, burning and itching at the site of the bite;
  • there is a feeling of crawling and stirring under the skin;
  • periods of remission are followed by episodes of exacerbation;
  • the subcutaneous worm provokes the appearance of abscesses and boils (a worm lives inside them in the connecting capsule);
  • sometimes the abscesses break open themselves, and the white parasites come out of the skin.

If the conjunctiva is damaged, then the following symptoms are present:

  • swelling, itching, and watery eyes;
  • a feeling that a foreign body is present in the eye or eyelid;
  • a person cannot fully open the eyelid;
  • vision deteriorates;
  • a worm can be seen under the conjunctiva;
  • a nodule is visible under the skin of the eyelid;
  • the person has a crawling sensation under the skin or in the eye;
  • if the parasite enters the eyeball, diplopia and bulging of the eye appear.

Symptoms of filariasis

After invasion, filariasis can develop over several years. Depending on the form of the disease, various symptoms and signs can develop. Common to these parasitic diseases will be the appearance of ulcers and skin rashes, damage to the eyes and lymph nodes, fever, the development of elephantiasis of the scrotum and limbs, since these are muscle parasites.

Onchocerciasis

With onchocerciasis, parasites in human muscles manifest themselves with the following symptoms:

  • itchy skin;
  • feverish condition;
  • weakness;
  • dryness and peeling of the skin;
  • cutaneous hyperpigmentation (genitals, legs, axillary and inguinal folds);
  • papular rash;
  • erysipelas;
  • papules can form long-lasting ulcers;
  • under the skin, worms provoke atrophy of hair follicles, sweat glands and epidermis;
  • painful fibrous nodes form under the skin;
  • with eye damage, glaucoma, iridocyclitis, conjunctivitis, corneal cyst, keratitis and other eye diseases develop.

Dracunculiasis

The disease is provoked by the risht parasite living under the skin. Rishta is a round worm that grows up to 120-130 cm. You can catch an unpleasant neighbor in Central Asia and the tropics by drinking raw water or talking to infected cats and dogs.

Once in the human body, after a couple of weeks, the larvae begin to actively migrate, and after a month and a half they find themselves under the skin, most often choosing their legs. They need a year to fully develop.

A snapshot of an infected leg
A snapshot of an infected leg
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A snapshot of an infected leg

Unlike filariasis, it is quite simple to recognize dracunculiasis: the parasite first curls up, turning into a round bulge, and then unfolds to its full length. After that, a long bulge forms on the skin, then a bubble appears in the same place, the size of which can reach several centimeters. On contact with water, the bubble bursts and larvae emerge from it. In addition, the person is tormented by continuous itching coming from the inside of the skin.

In the absence of treatment, development occurs:

  1. Gangrene.
  2. Sepsis or blood poisoning.
  3. Joints become inflamed and do not move well.

Treatment consists of surgically removing the worm from the body. The main thing is not to break it.

The familiar name of the disease is associated with subcutaneous scabies mites. They prefer to stay in the deep layers of the skin, where they gnaw through the passages, moving throughout the body. You can get infected only through direct contact with the sick person or his clothes. The exacerbation of the disease occurs in autumn or spring, when the body is weakened.

Most often, the worm can be found on the hands and soles, on the thighs, chest, armpits, on the genitals and bending places - elbows, knees. In children, the tick often settles in the hair.

Symptoms of infection are:

  1. Skin rash and redness.
  2. The appearance of bubbles at the lesion sites.
  3. When treating the skin with iodine, it is easy to see the subcutaneous passages of these parasites.
  4. Incessant itching, worse at night or by washing with cold water.
  5. Peeling skin.

In treatment, a solution of hydrochloric acid, soap and sulfur-based ointment, salicylic ointment are often used.Also, the doctor may prescribe a course of antibiotics if the affected area is large. Simultaneously with the direct destruction of the parasite, it is necessary to increase human immunity. Additionally, it is necessary to completely disinfect and iron the clothes, bedding and any fabric with which the infected person came into contact.

Cysticercosis

The disease is caused by the larvae of pork tapeworms, which enter the human body with raw pork or raw water. They can live inside a person for years and settle in a wide variety of organs: skin, muscles, eyes, brain, kidneys and liver. It can often be found on the arms and chest.

The symptoms of infection are:

  1. Periodic unreasonable itching.
  2. Painful, dense lumps that form under the skin. Over time, they begin to grow.

The treatment is surgery: the tapeworm is removed from under the skin and a course of the antiparasitic drug Praziquantel is prescribed.

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