A Smear For Enterobiasis In Children: Preparation, How To Take, Price And How Long To Wait For The Result

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A Smear For Enterobiasis In Children: Preparation, How To Take, Price And How Long To Wait For The Result
A Smear For Enterobiasis In Children: Preparation, How To Take, Price And How Long To Wait For The Result

Video: A Smear For Enterobiasis In Children: Preparation, How To Take, Price And How Long To Wait For The Result

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Enterobius vermicularis 2023, February
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Page content

  • Indications for testing
  • Training
  • How to give a smear for enterobiasis in the laboratory

    • 1 way
    • Method 2 - "sticky tape"
  • Taking feces for helminth eggs
  • Procedure cost
  • How to take a smear at home: a step-by-step algorithm
  • How many days are valid and results are prepared
  • You can defeat parasites!

A smear (scraping) for enterobiasis is a laboratory detection of pinworm eggs (helminths, the clinical manifestations of which are itching in the anal area and intestinal disorders).

Indications for testing

A smear for enterobiasis in children is taken during routine examinations and if there is a suspicion of infection with pinworms, one of the varieties of helminths.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

This is a specific type of analysis, however, it is very common because it is required:

  1. Upon admission to any type of educational institution.
  2. For inpatient treatment.
  3. When registering a voucher to a sanatorium.
  4. To visit the pool.

An analysis can also be prescribed if the child also has characteristic symptoms of this ailment. The most obvious signs include:

  1. Frequent itching in the genital area.
  2. Redness and constant burning in the anal area.
  3. The child is rather moody and highly excitable, especially at night.
  4. Increased attention of the child to their genitals.
  5. Bowel disorder.
  6. Pain in the abdomen.
  7. Increased gas emission.
Pinworms
Pinworms
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Pinworms, for the detection of which a smear is taken for analysis

Training

To obtain accurate results, the child, immediately before undergoing diagnostics for enterobiasis, must:

  • Refuse to take strong drugs, especially antibiotics - otherwise the result may be invalid;
  • Refuse to take fried and fatty foods the day before the delivery of the material - in case of possible disorders of the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, the conclusions may also be inaccurate;
  • Before submitting the material, do not take a shower (when it comes to collecting feces or submitting scrapings for enterobiasis).

Take a pinworm test

Symptoms Answer Itching in the anal area Yes Not Dysbacteriosis Yes Not General weakness Yes Not Sleep disturbances Yes Not The appearance of allergic reactions Yes Not Weight loss Yes Not The appearance of mucus in feces Yes Not Dizziness Yes Not Increased irritability Yes Not Allergic reactions Yes Not

How to give a smear for enterobiasis in the laboratory

Contraindications: damage to the skin around the anus.

Equipment: adhesive tape; slide; test tube; cotton swab dipped in glycerin; doll.

So, there are 2 ways to take a smear:

1 way

Training:

  1. Explains to mother and child the course of the upcoming procedure;
  2. A referral to the laboratory is drawn up;
  3. The child is laid on its side;

Procedure execution:

  1. The doctor takes a tampon soaked in glycerin in his right hand;
  2. The buttocks are moved apart with the first and second fingers of the left hand;
  3. A swab is scraped from the surface of the perianal folds, after which the child can take a comfortable position.
  4. The material with the swab is placed in a test tube and sent for research.
How and where to take
How and where to take
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Taking material with a cotton swab

Method 2 - "sticky tape"

Preparation for the procedure:

  1. Explains to mother and child the course of the upcoming procedure;
  2. A referral to the laboratory is drawn up;
  3. A slide and a piece of adhesive tape are prepared;
  4. The child is laid on its side;

Procedure execution:

  1. A piece of adhesive tape is taken in the right hand;
  2. The child's buttocks are spread with the first and second fingers of the left hand;
  3. With the fingers of the right hand, adhesive tape is glued to the perianal folds of the child for a few seconds;
  4. The tape is removed from the skin and adheres tightly (without air bubbles) to the slide;
  5. The child is in a comfortable position.
Adhesive tape method
Adhesive tape method
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Adhesive tape method

Taking feces for helminth eggs

Contraindications: no.

Equipment: clean glass container (box); clean wooden stick, direction; tray for used material, pot.

Preparation for the procedure

Preparing a pot for collecting feces, a clean stick,

Procedure execution

  1. After defecation, the child is taken from several areas with a stick of 5-10 g of feces without urine impurities;
  2. The taken feces are placed in a prepared container.
Stool test jar
Stool test jar
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Feces jar

Procedure cost

In a regular polyclinic, an analysis of enterobiasis is done for free to everyone. Its cost is included in the medical insurance policy.

Do not give antihistamines to children for prophylactic purposes without a doctor's prescription.

They have many side effects. If you suspect that a child has pinworms, take a referral for a smear.

After the results are obtained, the doctor will decide on the need for therapy.

How to take a smear at home: a step-by-step algorithm

You can take a smear from a child at home for further laboratory tests without special medical education. To do this, you need one of three sets of "equipment":

  • or a cotton swab, glycerin (liquid paraffin, saline), and a plastic tube with a lid;
  • or a piece of tape and a degreased glass slide (any small, washed glass will do);
  • or a special tampon probe (can be bought at a pharmacy, the price is about 15 rubles);
  • or a medical polystyrene spatula with glue applied to it and a container for transportation (issued in clinics and laboratories).

The smear is taken exclusively in the morning before bowel movements or taking a shower / bath. During the procedure, you must use medical gloves.

We use a cotton swab or tampon probe:

  1. Soak the instrument in petroleum jelly or glycerin.
  2. Lay the child (or lie on his own) on his side, pulling his legs up to his stomach.
  3. Run the end of the tampon along the perianal folds.
  4. Place a cotton swab or swab probe in a test tube.

How to scrape with a polystyrene spatula:

  1. Apply glue to the spatula.
  2. Lay the child (or lie on his own) on his side, pulling his legs up to his stomach.
  3. Press the spatula firmly against the perianal folds.
  4. Place the spatula in the transport container.

We collect material with scotch tape:

  1. Prepare a piece of tape 4-5 centimeters long.
  2. Lay the child on its side or lie down on its own.
  3. With one hand, part the buttocks, and with the other stick the tape to the perianal folds.
  4. After a few seconds, remove the tape and stick it on the glass slide.
We collect material with scotch tape
We collect material with scotch tape
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A visual representation of how to take a smear with tape

How many days are valid and results are prepared

The collected samples are examined under a microscope. The polyclinic, as a rule, receives the test results the next morning after visiting the laboratory.

If the eggs of the worms are found in the smear, then experts prescribe a therapeutic treatment for enterobiasis in a child (depending on the degree of infection, various methods of treatment are also used).

If parasitic organisms are not detected in the sample, but the symptoms have not been eliminated, scraping on the ovum leaf is repeated. The most reliable results are achieved with a 3-fold analysis performed daily or every other day.

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