Dysentery Pills: For Adults And Children, What Drugs To Take

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Dysentery Pills: For Adults And Children, What Drugs To Take
Dysentery Pills: For Adults And Children, What Drugs To Take
Video: Dysentery Pills: For Adults And Children, What Drugs To Take
Video: Pharmacology- Diarrhea- Anti Diarrheal drugs-GIT- MADE EASY! 2023, February
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Drugs against dysentery are most often prescribed antibacterial group. Only antibiotics fully cope with Shigella parasites. In parallel, other medications can be prescribed that can restore the impaired functioning of internal organs.

Content

  • 1 Basis of treatment
  • 2 Complementary therapy

Basis of treatment

What are the most effective pills that a doctor can prescribe for dysentery development?

During dysentery in adults, which occurs in the initial stage, nitrofurans (Furazolidone, Enterofuril), Nitroxoline, Cotrimoxazole are prescribed. Moderate dysentery can be treated with fluoroquinols (Ofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin). Severe disease is usually treated with cephalosporins. Tetracycline antibiotics and sulfonamides may be prescribed.

Furazolidone is a frequently prescribed drug of the nitrofuran group. Tablets cope with a large list of infectious diseases. In parallel, they increase the body's defenses. They have low toxicity and high efficiency. The medicine, prescribed in the minimum dosage, inhibits the reproduction of bacteria, in high doses it leads to their complete death.

For adults, Furazolidone is prescribed to drink four times a day, 0.1 g. The duration of therapy with these tablets for dysentery is 5-10 days. Furazolidone should be drunk after meals with only water. During the entire therapeutic course, it is prohibited to take alcoholic beverages. Nausea and vomiting are common.

Enterofuril helps to quickly get rid of the unpleasant symptoms that accompany dysentery. It belongs to the group of antimicrobial agents of the nitrofuran group. Perfectly copes with the cause of poisoning and destroys pathogenic bacteria. The course of treatment lasts up to 7 days. You need to drink one capsule up to 4 times a day.

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Enterofuril has a number of benefits along with other antibacterial agents. In the course of treatment, there is no malfunction in the intestines, its microflora is not disturbed, it is allowed to give it to small children under one year old and pregnant women.

In small doses, Enterofuril prevents the further growth of bacteria. In high doses, Enterofuril destroys the outer shell of the shigella, and they die.

Ofloxacin has a bactericidal, antimicrobial effect. The medicine belongs to fluoroquinols. The tablets are best taken with meals. The average daily dosage is 400 mg, divided into two doses

Tetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that can cope with, including shigella. Assign in a dosage of 250 to 500 mg every 6 hours.

Doxycycline belongs to the tetracycline series. It has little effect on the intestinal microflora, is quickly and completely absorbed, has a long-term effect on the body, thereby ensuring the complete destruction of pathogenic bacteria. The standard treatment regimen assumes a dosage of 200 mg per day on the first day, divided into two doses, on the second day, 100 mg.

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The drug Nevigramon, based on nalidixic acid, copes with intestinal infection caused by a large number of pathogens. It is often prescribed for getting rid of dysentery.

Phtalazol belongs to the sulfonamide series. One package contains 10 tablets of 0.5 g. The course of treatment lasts about a week. The use of this medicine for dysentery is possible in two tablets up to 6 times a day. It has a therapeutic effect directly in the intestines. Stops the growth and reproduction of bacteria.

Sulfadimethoxine is an antibacterial agent related to sulfonamides. On the first day, it is supposed to take 1 g of the active substance, then the dosage is reduced to 500 mg.

Biseptol is active against many bacteria. After its application, bacteria lose their ability to reproduce and the infectious process gradually disappears. Recommended to take after meals. Adults are usually prescribed 960 mg of the active substance twice a day.

Amoxicillin has a broad spectrum of action, belongs to the penicillin series. Drink before or after meals. Adults are prescribed 500 mg three times a day. In childhood, the dosage of this drug for dysentery is calculated based on the child's body weight.

Tiberal is a powerful antiparasitic, antibacterial agent. The active substance ornidazole in a short time stops the growth and reproduction of bacteria. Usually the course of treatment lasts three days, during which three tablets are drunk.

For dysentery, the drug Cotrimoxazole may be prescribed. It is a combination drug based on sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. It has a pronounced antimicrobial, antiprotozoal and bactericidal effect. The drug is taken twice a day. A single dosage for adults is 960 mg (one tablet).

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Cephalexin belongs to the first generation cephalosporin antibiotics. The drug destroys the cell membrane of bacteria and leads to their death. The tablets should be taken 30 minutes before meals. The average dosage for adult patients is 250-500 mg.

You cannot choose or search for antibiotic analogues on your own! Exceeding or reducing the dosage can lead to ineffectiveness of therapy or the appearance of side effects

Complementary therapy

Taking antibiotics will not be enough to speed up recovery and prevent the infection from returning. Therefore, other drugs are prescribed:

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  1. Enterosorbents absorb toxic substances produced by bacteria in the course of their vital activity, and remove them outside along with feces. Means such as Enterol, Activated carbon, Enterosgel, Lactofiltrum, Filtrum-sti, Smecta, Polyphepan can be prescribed. The tablets should be taken with plenty of water.
  2. A solution of glucose and salt helps to facilitate and restore the functioning of the kidneys, improve the vascular system in this organ. They prevent dehydration from occurring. For this purpose, ready-made solutions can be prescribed, for example, Rehydron, Gastrolit.
  3. Immunomodulators will help to increase the body's defenses. Against their background, the healing process is accelerated, and the risk of catching a new infection is reduced.
  4. Probiotics and prebiotics (Lactobacterin, Linex, Bifidumbacterin) restore disturbed microflora and intestinal motility, increase its protective functions, and improve metabolic processes.
  5. During the entire course, the intake of vitamin and mineral complexes is prescribed.
  6. Enzyme preparations (Creon, Mezim, Pancreatin) help the digestive tract to absorb nutrients, normalize the work of all organs.
  7. In severe forms of infection, glucocorticoids may be prescribed.
  8. Antispasmodics relieve stomach pains: No-shpa, Papaverine.

Bacteriophages are effective in the fight against dysentery. They do not affect the entire body, they only affect bacterial cells.

Together with the recovery period, on average, treatment takes about a month. If treatment is started on time, it may take even less time.

Before starting treatment for dysentery in yourself or in a child, you should consult your doctor. Self-administration of medication can lead to a worsening of the condition and the appearance of complications.

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