Vaccination Against Dysentery: How Often To Do, Contraindications

Table of contents:

Vaccination Against Dysentery: How Often To Do, Contraindications
Vaccination Against Dysentery: How Often To Do, Contraindications

Video: Vaccination Against Dysentery: How Often To Do, Contraindications

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: COVID-19 Vaccines: Update on Allergic Reactions, Contraindications, and Precautions 2023, February
Anonim

The summer season is considered unsafe for humans: warm weather contributes to the spread of various kinds of infections, and infection is possible through drinking water and unwashed berries, fruits, vegetables. A lot of trouble for children and adults is caused by dysentery, which causes abdominal pain, feeling unwell, weakness, and intestinal upset. In order to prevent the disease, a special vaccination is made against dysentery.

Content

  • 1 Features of the pathogen
  • 2 Ways to combat infection
  • 3 Who needs vaccination
  • 4 How many times do you need to vaccinate
  • 5 What are the prohibitions
  • 6 Side effects of the drug
  • 7 Nuances
  • 8 General recommendations

Features of the pathogen

Due to the secretion of gastric juice, an acidic environment is formed inside the stomach, which kills most of the bacteria that enter with food. However, some microbes manage to escape death and penetrate into the intestines. This happens when there are too many pathogens.

Bacteria multiply in the intestines and create a negative environment. When microorganisms reach the large intestine, the disease becomes long and difficult, because microbes completely disrupt the functioning of the excretory organs. Medicine distinguishes between three stages of the development of the disease - acute, medium, mild. We must try not to start dysentery, stop the multiplication of bacteria as early as possible.

Ways to combat infection

Vaccination against dysentery helps to prevent possible troubles. After the introduction of the solution, antibodies begin to form in the body. This takes about a month. As a result, the body's resistance to aggressive microbes increases. Immunity against the development of the disease lasts for one year.

The dysentery vaccine comes in the form of a solution in ampoules. It contains liposaccharides obtained from the rod-shaped bacteria Shigella sonnei, purified using chemicals and enzymes. The injection is done at 0.5 mg intramuscularly or deeply under the skin. The dosage is the same for everyone. The place for the injection is most often the shoulder.

Important! The vaccine can be combined with other medications to protect against the pathogen

Who needs vaccination

Prophylactic vaccination against dysentery is done:

  1. Adults who go to the resort in the summer.
  2. Children on the eve of sending them to the holiday camp.
  3. Babies over the age of three.
  4. Catering workers.
  5. People involved in landscaping in the communal sector.
Image
Image

Information about the performed procedure is recorded in the patient's card indicating the name, dosage, series of the drug.

Of course, vaccination is carried out in regions where dysentery disease is widespread, as well as when there is a threat of an epidemic. The reason may be an emergency breakthrough of a water supply system, sewerage system, natural disaster.

Important! In order not to become infected with dysentery, you must follow simple rules of hygiene. Wash your hands before eating, as well as vegetables and fruits before eating them

How many times do you need to vaccinate

Some people are interested in the question of how often to get vaccinated. There are no clear indications on this score. Vaccination against dysentery is not included in the list of mandatory, it is not recorded in the Russian national calendar of vaccination, so you can do it at your discretion, in case of an outbreak of infection or when you are sent on vacation to another country. Or you may not do it at all. The disease heals in one week. The exceptions are neglected cases.

Image
Image

If you want you to have ongoing protection against this disease, vaccinate once a year. You should not be vaccinated without special need, first consult with your doctor - pediatrician, therapist.

What are the prohibitions

Before prescribing a vaccination, the doctor must find out if the person has contraindications to the administration of this solution. For this, body temperature is measured, and if necessary, laboratory tests are carried out. You will need to donate blood and urine for analysis.

There are no strict prohibitions. Zonne's dysentery injection has the following contraindications:

  1. Weakened immunity.
  2. General malaise in the body.
  3. There is a predisposition to allergic reactions to certain drugs.
  4. Chronic illness or acute viral infection.
  5. The recovery period after suffering a viral disease.

Contraindications affect pregnant and lactating women, young children (up to 3 years of age).

Side effects of the drug

Occasionally, people experience headache or dizziness after the injection. Another side effect is redness at the injection site, painful sensations, the appearance of a small swelling in the form of a bump. You may also experience nausea and fever. There are rare cases of hyperthermia. Side effects occur within 24 hours after the injection. To eliminate the malaise, consult a doctor, do not self-medicate.

Nuances

Experts differ on the effectiveness of the antidysentery vaccine. After all, an infection can be caused by different types of pathogens: intracellular parasites of Shigella or the simplest amoeba. In terms of symptoms, the ailments they cause are similar, there is always a possibility of infection with both.

Image
Image

General recommendations

We have covered the highlights of dysentery vaccination. Anyone can get sick - an adult and a child. The main thing is to protect your body in a timely manner with the help of vaccinations, and if you are already sick, then by taking medications.

The vaccine is produced on the territory of Russia, it is called "Shigellvak", it costs about 2,500 rubles. Solution for injection is sold at any pharmacy.

A similar medical service is provided in infectious diseases hospitals, clinics, hospitals, dispensaries. It is to these medical institutions that citizens apply if they need a vaccination. You can also visit a private clinic. Most of these establishments have the required vaccine. It is advisable to check the information at the location of the medical institution.

Popular by topic