Ascaris Lumbrikoides In A Child And An Adult: Symptoms And Treatment With Folk Remedies

Table of contents:

Ascaris Lumbrikoides In A Child And An Adult: Symptoms And Treatment With Folk Remedies
Ascaris Lumbrikoides In A Child And An Adult: Symptoms And Treatment With Folk Remedies

Video: Ascaris Lumbrikoides In A Child And An Adult: Symptoms And Treatment With Folk Remedies

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Natural Ways To Get Rid Of Intestinal Worms In No Time 2023, February
Anonim

Page content

  • The structure of the body of the parasite of an adult
  • What the eggs of Ascaris Lumbricoides look like
  • Infection symptoms
  • Treatment and prevention
  • Treatment with folk remedies at home

    • Recipe number 1.
    • Recipe number 2.
    • Recipe number 3.
    • Recipe number 4.
  • Ascaris Lumbrikoides in a child
  • You can defeat parasites!

Ascaris lumbricoides (Ascaris lumbricoides) or human ascaris is a worm from the roundworm species that multiplies and parasitizes in humans in the small intestine.

The worm provokes the development of ascariasis, the most common helminth disease in humans.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Type: roundworms (Nemathelmintes);

Class: actually roundworms (Nematoda);

Species: Ascaris. Ascaris lumbicoides.

The structure of the body of the parasite of an adult

The body of the parasite is highly elongated, gradually tapering at the ends, and round in cross section. Ascaris dioecious. Females are larger than males, up to 40 cm long; males - up to 25-30 cm. In females, the posterior end is straight, in males it is pointed and bent to the ventral side.

The body of the helminth is covered with a skin-muscle sac formed by the cuticle, hypodermis and one layer of muscles. Under the cuticle there is a layer of hypodermis, which forms 4 ridges protruding into the body cavity. Under the hypodermis there is one layer of muscles, separated by the hypodermis ridges: dorsal and abdominal and 2 lateral.

Thanks to the muscles, the body of the worm can bend in the dorsal-abdominal direction. It is retained in the intestine of the host, moving towards the incoming food masses.

Inside the musculocutaneous sac, there is a primary body cavity (pseudo-goal). The walls of the cavity are not lined with epithelium. The body cavity is filled with a poisonous fluid. The fluid is under high pressure and forms a hydroskeleton. The internal organs are located in the cavity.

Structure
Structure
Image
Image

Appearance and structure

The digestive system is well developed. It consists of 3 sections: the anterior, middle and posterior intestines. At the front end of the body there is a mouth opening surrounded by three lips.

From the mouth, food enters the muscular pharynx, then into the esophagus. Behind the esophagus, the middle intestine begins, which has the form of a tube stretching along the body of the worm. Behind the middle intestine is the posterior one, ending in the anus.

The excretory system is represented by a single cutaneous gland located in the front of the body. Two lateral canals depart from it, which pass in the lateral ridges of the hypoderm and are blindly closed behind. In front, the channels are connected to the excretory duct, which sometimes opens.

The nervous system consists of a periopharyngeal nerve ring and nerve trunks extending from it. The ventral and dorsal nerve trunks are especially well developed. They are interconnected by numerous bridges.

The reproductive system has a tubular structure. In the female, the reproductive system consists of paired ovaries, paired oviducts, which are large-diameter tubes, and paired uterus, which have an even larger diameter.

The uterus connects to form an unpaired vagina that opens outward at the anterior end of the body on the ventral side.

The male reproductive system is unpaired. It consists of one thin tubular testes, a larger diameter vas deferens, and an ejaculatory duct that opens into the hindgut, which is called the cloaca in males.

Photo of roundworm after exiting the body
Photo of roundworm after exiting the body
Image
Image

Photo of roundworm after exiting the body

Take a test for ascaris

Symptoms Answer Itching in the anal area Yes Not Dysbacteriosis Yes Not General weakness Yes Not Dry cough Yes Not The appearance of allergic reactions Yes Not Weight loss Yes Not Headaches Yes Not Dizziness Yes Not Increased irritability Yes Not Swelling of the face and eyelids Yes Not

What the eggs of Ascaris Lumbricoides look like

The egg can be fertilized or unfertilized. In the first case, the eggs are round, less often oval, their sizes reach 50-60 microns in diameter, while the eggs themselves are colored dark yellow or yellow-brown.

The egg shell also has its own structural features. So, the outer shell is uneven, dark, and the inner one is thickened, lighter or even colorless, smooth. In the middle of the egg, under the membranes, there is a dark-colored roundworm embryo cell.

Appearance under a microscope
Appearance under a microscope
Image
Image

Appearance under a microscope

If the egg is not fertilized, then its shell is light and very thin, and there is no germ cell inside the egg, the whole egg is filled with protein granules.

The egg becomes invasive in the ground in 24 hours (at a temperature of +25 Celsius). Remains invasive for 3-7 years. A larva is formed from an egg in the human body, where it enters the alimentary route.

Egg structure
Egg structure
Image
Image

Egg structure

Infection symptoms

The initial stage of ascariasis is difficult to determine, since it passes without any symptoms, but still the characteristic signs of the disease are and are accompanied by:

  • General malaise, weakness of the body;
  • Headaches;
  • Fatigue;
  • Increased body temperature;
  • The appearance of skin rashes;
  • Chest pains, asthmatic cough.

During an X-ray examination, eosinophilic infiltrates are found in the lungs.

With a general blood test, eosinophils rise by almost 50-60%. Such an increase in eosinophils indicates the presence of a foreign protein, which is produced from the remains of the vital activity of parasites.

Ascaris human lives on the elements of blood, erythrocytes and other nutrients of the body. In addition to living in the intestines, its wandering larvae, which cause inflammation in the body, rupture the capillaries, which leads to extensive hemorrhage and acute lung diseases (pneumonia and bronchitis).

In the infected organism, the cardiovascular system and the liver are destroyed. An infected person has a lack of appetite, diarrhea, constipation, and salivation increases.

The gastrointestinal tract malfunctions, which leads to colic and bloating. In sick children, the nervous system suffers, this manifests itself in the form of apathy, irritation, restless sleep. Adult worms, parasitizing in the child's body, cause diseases of the intestines, liver and pancreas.

Treatment and prevention

For the treatment of parasites, the following is used:

  • Piperazine adipate;
  • Pirantel;
  • Levamisole (Decaris).

An effective remedy for ascariasis is oxygen, it is administered through a gastric tube in the morning on an empty stomach or 3-4 hours after breakfast for 2-3 days in a row.

Dekaris
Dekaris
Image
Image

Dekaris

The amount of oxygen for one session is 1500 ml, after the introduction of oxygen, the patient must lie for 2 hours. Oxygen is contraindicated in peptic ulcer and inflammatory diseases in the abdominal cavity.

Piperazine adipate is prescribed 2 times a day 1 hour before or 30-60 minutes after meals for 2 days in a row at a dose of 1.5-2 g per dose, the daily dose is 3-4 g.

The complex of preventive measures for ascariasis is aimed at:

  • Identification and treatment of infested;
  • Protection of soil from faecal contamination
  • Conducting sanitary and educational work among the population.

The volume and nature of the activities carried out is determined by the level of the affected population, the characteristics of the life and economic activity of people and the epidemic process.

This is established and regulated by the territorial sanitary and epidemiological service, depending on the type of focus: intensive (20-30% of the invasive), medium intensity (6-20%) and non-intensive (with an incidence below 6%).

In intensive outbreaks, mass deworming of the population is carried out 2 times a year. In medium-intensity foci, deworming is carried out according to the micro-focal principle (on estates where there is an invasive one).

The first deworming is carried out in late spring - early summer (with the aim of freeing persons infected from ascaris last year and this spring), the second - in late autumn or early winter (in order to get rid of all those infected in this season).

In the current true micro-foci of ascariasis (a farmstead where there is an invasive and possible transmission of the invasion), the period of clinical examination is 3 years, during which scrological examinations of all family members are carried out twice a year (in spring and autumn).

After three years, with a threefold negative result of the examination, the micro focus is removed from the register. The improvement of the outbreaks is under the control of the results of the sanitary-helminthological study of the soil of the backyard plots and vegetable gardens. With a decrease in the incidence of up to 3 - 5% and below, only those infected are subject to treatment as they are detected.

Measures aimed at protecting the external environment, especially vegetable gardens, berry plots from contamination with non-neutralized feces, are of great importance (especially in healed foci).

Feces can be neutralized by keeping them in latrines for 2 years: the filled latrine cesspool of the personal plot is closed and buried, the frame is transferred to another pit.

This method is simple, cheap, and can be recommended for country estates that are not routinely cleaned. Measures providing for sanitary improvement, such as: sewerage, construction of yard latrines, dry closets, regular cleaning, as well as the use of various chemicals to detoxify the soil (carbation 3% solution 4 liters per 1 m2), polycarbacin (30-40 g in 5 l of water per 1 m2), thiozone (200 g per 1 m2), etc. are the basis for the prevention of ascariasis.

Prevention
Prevention
Image
Image

Of great importance is sanitary propaganda, explaining to people the inadmissibility of using feces as fertilizers, the need to follow the rules of personal prevention: washing hands before eating, eating only well-washed fruits, berries, vegetables that are not heat-treated. The sanitary culture of the population determines the success of preventive work.

Treatment with folk remedies at home

Recipe number 1

Wormwood leaves. An alcoholic extract from bitter wormwood is capable of inflicting a fatal blow on helminth eggs: 500 ml of diluted 70% alcohol is taken per 100 g of dry raw materials. The tincture is aged for 7 days. Take 1 tsp. 3 times a day before meals.

Recipe number 2

Wormseed. For the first time, this recipe was proposed by Dioscorides, an ancient Greek physician and pharmacologist. To prepare the medicine, you will need a seed of citrine wormwood, the chemical composition of which includes sesquiterpene lactone santonin, camphor, carvacrol, cineole and essential oil.

The first of the listed ingredients has an anthelmintic effect, which was used in official medicine until the middle of the last century. All you need is to grind dry seeds into powder and add them to food. The dosage depends on the age and weight of the person.

So, for an adult man, 5 g is enough, and it is better to coordinate the treatment program for children with a doctor.

Recipe number 3

Healing garlic. The tradition of getting rid of worms and ascaris with the help of garlic came to us from ancient India. Among the many components included in this product, one can single out geraniol, a substance with anthelmintic properties.

Moreover, small amounts of garlic are not contraindicated for pregnant women and children. Garlic is recommended to be consumed raw. It is necessary to eat 3-5 cloves of garlic before each meal. The course of treatment is unlimited.

Recipe number 4

Walnut peel. The pericarp of the walnut has a strong antiparasitic effect. The green peel of a walnut contains juglone, a substance that can neutralize the activity of helminths.

To prepare the drug, it is necessary to cut 4-5 pericarp and pour 250 ml of boiling water over them. After half an hour of infusion and straining, the folk remedy for ascariasis is ready. Take in equal portions during daylight hours.

Ascaris Lumbrikoides in a child

Ascariasis in children is a very common helminthic disease, especially at a young age.

Early diagnosis of the disease is rare and roundworms in babies are detected already with the development of complications.

Helminths in children
Helminths in children
Image
Image

Most often, the parasite is localized in the intestines, but there are cases of worms penetrating the liver, nasal sinuses, lacrimal ducts, trachea, and stomach.

Parasites can bring serious complications to the child, and untimely diagnosis and treatment started are fraught, therefore, we recommend that you carefully read the article and take all the arguments into account.

A child becomes infected by swallowing eggs of the parasite, which are in water, soil, on the surface of objects. Eggs enter the environment from the intestines of sick people.

Any objects from the environment can be the source of infection:

  • Money;
  • Unwashed vegetables and fruits;
  • Toys;
  • Doorknobs in gardens, schools, handrails in public transport;
  • Insects;
  • Contact with infected children;
  • Untreated water.

How to treat ascariasis in a child is determined by the doctor, taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism and the stage of the disease.

In the acute phase, the following treatment is used:

  • Antihistamines;
  • In severe cases of invasion - infusion of calcium gluconate, saline, ascorbic acid;
  • For the destruction of larvae - Mintezol (25 mg per 1 kg of weight in three divided doses), course - 5 days, tablets are given to the child after meals;
  • As a desensitizing therapy - glucocorticoids for a week.

Treatment of the chronic stage is carried out with the following drugs:

  • Medamin - at the rate of 10 mg per 1 kg of body weight in three divided doses. The drug is given to the child as a one-day course after meals. With massive invasion, the course of treatment is 2 - 3 days;
  • Decaris - 2.5 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day, divided into 2 - 3 doses. The medicine is taken once.

Popular by topic