Broad-Spectrum And Narrow-Spectrum Parasite Medicines

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Broad-Spectrum And Narrow-Spectrum Parasite Medicines
Broad-Spectrum And Narrow-Spectrum Parasite Medicines

Video: Broad-Spectrum And Narrow-Spectrum Parasite Medicines

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Broad vs. Narrow Spectrum Antibiotics 2023, February
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  • The best medicines for intestinal parasites of a wide spectrum of action

    • Fenasal
    • Piperazine
    • Milbemax
    • Dirofen
  • The best protozoan parasite medications for cats

    • Biseptol
    • Trimethoprim
    • Metronidazole
    • Tinidazole
    • Furazolidone
  • Preparations for skin and internal parasites on the withers

    • Inspector total
    • Bars spot-on
    • Advocate
  • You can defeat parasites!

Worms are dangerous intestinal parasites that live in the body of an animal, a disease that can cause many serious health problems not only for pets, but also for their owners.

In cats, such diseases are caused, as a rule, by cestodes, trematodes and nematodes, some of which are extremely dangerous to humans, including.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Even if a cat never leaves the house, it may well become infected with worms through raw food (fish and meat), from other animals, insects, and even people that may carry the eggs of these parasites on their clothes and shoes.

Sick cat
Sick cat
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If she was not given anthelmintic drugs, then she definitely has parasites.

Domestic cats should undergo deworming once every trimester.

An accurate selection of effective parasite medications for cats is essential. Otherwise, there may be poisoning later.

The best medicines for intestinal parasites of a wide spectrum of action

Fenasal

Fenasal (Phenasalum) is a powder of light gray or light yellow color, odorless and tasteless. Let's slightly dissolve in water and alcohol. Available in powder and 0.5 g tablets.

Store in its original packaging in a cool, dry place with caution (list B). Shelf life 4 years.

When administered orally, the drug is practically not absorbed into the bloodstream. It is excreted mainly with feces for 2-3 days after administration.

The drug is an effective anthelmintic agent. Has a wide spectrum of cestodicidal action at all stages of development of tapeworms parasitizing in the gastrointestinal tract of cats.

The mechanism of action of phenasal, like other phenol derivatives (dichlorophene, btionol), is based on the violation of phosphorylation processes in the tissues of helminths, leading to a blockade of the main energy sources.

Fenasal
Fenasal
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Fenasal

Effective against cestodes moniesium, tizanesium, avitellin, tenium, dipylidium, mesocestosis and hymenolepidid. Fenasal belongs to the group of low-toxic drugs for warm-blooded animals.

Piperazine

Piperazine is a chemical used as an anthelmintic agent for the treatment of nematodes and for prophylactic purposes in animals and humans. It differs in low cost and low toxicity, but in a narrow action.

"Piperazine" for cats is used for infection:

  • Toxascariasis;
  • Uncinarosis;
  • Ankylostomiasis;
  • Trichacephalosis.

"Piperazine adipate" paralyzes parasites, in this regard, they are detached from the intestine and spontaneously come out naturally (during bowel movements). This drug is rapidly absorbed and excreted by the kidneys within the first day.

For cats, the dosage is 0.5 g per 1 kg of animal weight. The doctor should calculate the dosage for kittens under six months of age. Reception cats also need a single, but with a repetition, after 21 days.

Piperazine
Piperazine
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Piperazine

Piperazine adipate has fewer contraindications and side effects than most anthelmintic drugs. This is its significant advantage. You can chase the animal with them without fear for the health of the pet.

However, in some cases, the drug should be given very carefully:

  • With great care, you can give the medicine to a cat with reduced gastrointestinal motility;
  • It is undesirable to use in the case when the functioning of the kidneys and liver is impaired in the animal (this includes insufficiency and other serious diseases);
  • Hypersensitivity or allergic reaction (or other type of intolerance) of the main or auxiliary substance, including a history;
  • Piperazine can be given to a kitten or puppies, as well as pregnant and lactating females, but strictly under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Despite the fact that the drug is quite safe, it can nevertheless cause some side effects: vomiting, softening of the stool or diarrhea, changes in gait.

Overdose may also cause allergic reactions. One of the most serious consequences of an overdose is paralysis. Therefore, if you suspect an overdose and with an increase in the severity of side effects, you must immediately go to the veterinary clinic.

The manufacturer of the Piperazine adipate tablets is the Borisov Plant of Medical Preparations RUE. Piperazine 45 - Ukraine produces VAT VNP Ukrzoovetprompostach.

Milbemax

Tablets for oral use (for kittens and small cats), beige to brown, oval in shape, with a “BC” print on one side and an “NA” print on the other side, with a break line on both sides.

Packaged in 2 tablets in blisters of aluminum foil, placed in 1 or 2 pieces. in a cardboard box.

The mechanism of action of milbemycin is due to an increase in the permeability of cell membranes for chlorine ions, which leads to overpolarization of the membranes of cells of the nervous and muscle tissue, paralysis and death of the parasite.

Milbemax
Milbemax
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Milbemax

After oral administration, the maximum concentration of milbemycin oxime in the blood plasma of cats is reached after 2 hours, in the blood plasma of dogs - within 2-4 hours. The compound is excreted from the body mainly unchanged.

Indications for the use of the drug in cats:

  • Cestodoses caused by helminths of the species Dipylidium caninum, Taenia spp., Echinococcus multilocularis;
  • Nematodes caused by helminths of the Ancylostoma tubaeforme, Toxocara cati, Dirofilaria immitis species (prevention of the disease within 1 month);
  • Mixed nematode-cestoid invasions.

Contraindications:

  • Do not use in kittens under 6 weeks old and weighing less than 0.5 kg.
  • Do not use in pregnant animals at the beginning of pregnancy
  • do not apply to sick and weakened animals
  • do not apply to animals with impaired renal and liver function
  • do not use in case of hypersensitivity to the drug

Dirofen

Dirofen (Dirophen tabulettae) are produced by NPO Api-San, Russia. Dirofen plus is produced separately for kittens and adult cats.

The tablet must necessarily have a company imprint on one side of the AS, and two perpendicular notches on the other. The presence of the logo will confirm the reliability of the drug.

But the notches applied to the tablet are a very convenient moment for dividing it into 2 or 4 parts, depending on the weight of the animal.

Dirofen's tablet can be given to cats, both for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. If you have one kitty and her contact with other felines is limited, then it will be enough to give 1 tablet of dirofen 1 time in 3 months.

Dirofen
Dirofen
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Dirofen

In a completely different way, it is necessary to carry out treatment in nurseries and when keeping several animals, especially in a limited area. In this case, dirofen must be given 2 times with an interval of 14 days, but 3 days in a row.

It is not difficult to calculate the dose of dirofen plus for kittens - 1 tablet per 1 kg of animal weight, dirofen plus for cats 1 tablet per 5 kg of animal weight. If, after the first application, the cat has salivation (abundant saliva), do not worry, the manufacturer warns about this, it will pass very soon.

The best protozoan parasite medications for cats

Often, the presence of many diseases in cats is explained by the presence of the simplest parasitic microorganisms in the animal's blood, lymph or digestive system.

The following drugs are distinguished for combating protozoan parasites in cats:

  • Biseptol;
  • Trimethoprim;
  • Metronidazole;
  • Tinidazole;
  • Furazolidone.

Biseptol

The combined sulfanilamide antibacterial drug biseptol contains trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole - this combination provides a wide spectrum of bactericidal action.

The drug is active against aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria: streptococci, enterococci, meningococci, anthrax bacillus (the causative agent of anthrax), listeria, nocardia, gonococci, E. coli, salmonella, cholera pathogens, etc.

Biseptol
Biseptol
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Biseptol

The drug is available in three dosage forms: round flat white tablets with a yellowish tint; suspension for oral administration, light cream or white with a strawberry odor; concentrate, which is a clear, colorless liquid with an alcohol smell, for preparing a solution for jet or drip intravenous administration.

In doses prescribed by a specialist, biseptol is usually well tolerated by animals. Contraindications to use are impaired renal function and liver failure. Do not use the drug to treat pregnant and lactating females.

Trimethoprim

A complex antibacterial drug for the treatment of animals, which occupies a leading position in the Russian Federation and the CIS among drugs based on trimethoprim and sulfadimezin.

The drug in appearance is a sterile solution of light yellow color.

Ditrim is released packaged in 20, 50 and 100 ml in hermetically sealed glass bottles.

Trimethoprim
Trimethoprim
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Trimethoprim

Ditrim is prescribed for cattle, cats for the treatment of bacterial infections, respiratory organs, gastrointestinal tract and genitourinary system, the causative agents of which are sensitive to sulfadimezine and trimethoprim.

Metronidazole

Metronidazole for cats is used as a therapeutic therapy for various diseases, the causative agents of which are organisms with a high sensitivity to the constituent components of the drug.

Metronidazole is recommended for the following indications:

  • Trichomoniasis;
  • Giardiasis;
  • Histomoniasis;
  • With dysentery;
  • With ulcerative gingivitis;
  • During mastitis in a necrotic form;
  • With necrobacteriosis;
  • Enterotoxemia;
  • Diarrhea caused by Campylobacter spp;
  • For the treatment of postpartum anaerobic infectious lesions;
  • With aphthous stomatitis.

Metronidazole in the form of gels for topical use can be used during the treatment of animals for gingivitis and skin diseases, the causative agents of which are the simplest anaerobic microorganisms.

Metronidazole
Metronidazole
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Metronidazole

Tinidazole

It is a powder from white to light yellow. 1.0 g of the preparation contains 0.2 g of tinidazole, excipients and filler.

Tinidazole, which is part of the drug, is a derivative of 5-nitroimidazole and has a broad spectrum of action. The drug is effective against pathogens of protozoal invasions (Trichomonas fetus, Balantidium suis, Entamoeba spp., Lamblia spp.), Pathogens of anaerobic infections (Clostridium spp., Fusobacterium spp., Bacteroides spp., Including nod Bacusteroides).

The mechanism of action of the drug consists in the biochemical reduction of the 5-nitro group of tinidazole by intracellular transport proteins of anaerobic microorganisms and protozoa.

The reduced 5-nitro group of tinidazole interacts with the DNA of the cell of microorganisms, inhibits the synthesis of nucleic acids, which leads to the death of microorganisms.

Also, the nitro group of the drug, which is an electron acceptor, is embedded in the respiratory chain of microorganisms (competes with electron transporting proteins - flavoproteins, etc.), which disrupts respiratory processes and causes cell death.

Plasma protein binding is less than 20%. In the liver, tinidazole is metabolized by hydroxylation, oxidation and binding to glucuronic acid. The half-life is 12-14 hours. It is excreted from the body mainly with bile and urine.

Tinidazole
Tinidazole
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Tinidazole

The medicine is intended for the treatment of animals and poultry with diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to tinidazole (balantidiosis in pigs, trichomoniasis in cows and breeding bulls, giardiasis in small domestic animals - dogs and cats, as well as histomoniasis in turkeys, ducks and geese).

In recommended doses, the drug does not cause side effects. In animals with increased individual sensitivity to tinidazole or other nitroimidazole derivatives, allergic reactions (dermatitis, itching, edema) are possible.

In the event of an allergic reaction (dermatitis, itching, edema), the drug is discontinued and antihistamines and desensitizing drugs are prescribed (diphenhydramine, calcium chloride solution, glucose). There is no specific antidote. With prolonged treatment, candidiasis may develop.

The use of tinidazole in conjunction with any alcohol-containing drugs is contraindicated, since the accumulation of acetaldehyde may occur due to the violation of ethanol oxidation.

Furazolidone

Furazolidone is a broad-spectrum drug aimed at destroying microbes and bacteria. Compared with similar drugs, the advantage of Furazolidone is that microorganisms slowly develop resistance (resistance) to it.

Furazolidone is more potent than many known drugs and is often used if antibiotic treatment does not give visible results.

The drug is used to treat enteritis, hepatitis, coccidiosis and other diseases caused by microorganisms. Good performance was obtained when the drug was used in the treatment of massive intestinal viral infections.

The drug is sold only in pill form. Small tablets are covered with yellow glaze, do not smell, but have a bitter smell, so problems may arise when treating a cat.

Furazolidone
Furazolidone
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Furazolidone

The tablet must either be crushed, dissolved in water and given to the cat to drink, or divided into parts and made to swallow. In both cases, the cat will be bitter and, most likely, you will notice a lot of drooling.

The dosage of Furazolidone is prescribed individually and only by a doctor. One tablet contains only 0.05 g of the active ingredient, so care must be taken when dividing it into parts.

Practice shows that an overdose leads to a serious deterioration in the animal's condition. Even the instructions for the drug do not contain detailed data on doses, only ranges and possible treatment algorithms.

Self-medication is very risky, but if you have no alternatives and the ability to consult a doctor, you need to use a regimen that can be called standard for cats:

  • The drug is crushed in the required amount and mixed with food or water;
  • The resulting mixture is divided into 3 parts and forcibly fed / watered to the cat every 4–6 hours;
  • The dosage for a large (over 5 kg) cat is no more than 1 tablet per day. For small cats half a tablet, for kittens it is better not to use.

Preparations for skin and internal parasites on the withers

There are good drugs for worms that you can just drip on the withers of the animal and not torment him with bitter tablets and suspensions, from which the cat can refuse to eat for a long time.

Inspector total

(Inspector Total K), international non-proprietary name: fipronil, moxidectin.

Inspector total
Inspector total
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Inspector total

The drug is broad-based and is used to treat and prevent:

  • Demodectic and sarcoptic mites;
  • Ixodid ticks;
  • Fleas, lice and lice;
  • Intestinal nematodes.

Contraindications:

  • Do not use in kittens under 7 months
  • Do not use for patients with infectious diseases and convalescent animals
  • Do not use simultaneously with drugs containing macrocyclic lactones
  • Do not use in case of individual hypersensitivity of the animal to the components of the drug

Side effects:

  • Redness and itching of the skin
  • Allergic reactions

Note:

  • For cats weighing less than 1 kg, pregnant and lactating animals, use the drug with caution and under the supervision of a veterinarian;
  • It is not recommended to apply the drug to damp or damaged skin of the animal, as well as to wash the animal within 4 days after treatment.

Bars spot-on

Bars spot-on is prescribed for adult dogs and cats, puppies and kittens over 2 months of age for the treatment and prevention of intestinal nematodes, cestodes, entomoses, otodectosis (ear scabies), sarcoptic mange, notoedrosis and demodicosis.

The solution for external use contains:

  • Praziquantel;
  • Ivermectin;
  • Auxiliary components;
  • In a pipette tube 1 dose of solution.

Bars spot-on is prescribed for adult cats in order to:

  • Treatment and prevention of intestinal nematoses, cestodes, entomoses;
  • Prevention of otodectosis, sarcoptic mange, notoedrosis and demodicosis.

Contraindications:

  • Increased individual sensitivity of animals to the drug;
  • Pregnant, lactating animals;
  • Animals sick with infectious diseases;
  • Kittens under 2 months of age;
  • Application simultaneously with other antiparasitic agents;

Carefully:

For cats over 14 years of age, use the drug with caution, under the supervision of a veterinarian

There are no side effects and complications when using Bars spot-on in accordance with the instructions.

Bars spot-on
Bars spot-on
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Bars spot-on

With increased individual sensitivity of the animal to the active components of the drug and the appearance of side effects (unsteadiness of gait, photophobia, significant dilation of the pupils), the use of the drug is stopped and washed off with water and zooshampoo.

Advocate

Antiparasitic drops on the withers with a wide spectrum of action (treatment and prevention of demodectic, sarcoptic mites, fleas, lice, lice, intestinal nematodes).

The lawyer has a wide spectrum of antiparasitic action, is active against the parasitic demodectic (Demodex canis) and sarcoptoid (Sarcoptes canis, Otodectes cynotis) ticks, fleas (Stenocephalides canis), lice (Linognatus cetotus (Trichode), lice eaters (Linognatus cetotus), lice developmental phases of intestinal nematodes, including Toxacara canis, Toxascaris leonina, Ancylostoma caninum, Ancylostoma tubaeforme, Uncinaria stenocephala, Trichuris vulpis, and larval forms of Dirophilaria immitis.

Lawyer
Lawyer
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Lawyer

Contains imidacloprid (10%) and moxidectin (2.5%) as active ingredients, as well as auxiliary components (benzyl alcohol, propylene carbonate, butylhydroxytoluene). It is a clear solution from yellow to brown for external use.

Indications:

It is prescribed for the treatment and prevention of nematodes, entomoses, sarcoptoidosis (including sarcoptic mange and otodectosis) and demodicosis (fleas and ticks).

Doses and method of administration:

Advocate is applied to animals by drip application on dry, intact skin. Before use, remove the protective cap from the pipette and, placing it vertically, pierce the protective membrane of the pipette nose (putting on the cap from the back side), then remove the cap again. The drug, having parted the fur, is applied to the animal in places inaccessible for licking, directly on the skin between the shoulder blades at the base of the neck.

Side effects:

As a rule, there are no side effects and complications when using Advocate in accordance with this instruction. In rare cases, the animal may experience individual reactions (skin redness, itching), which spontaneously disappear and do not require the use of drugs.

Contraindications:

The lawyer is prohibited from using kittens under 7 weeks of age, sick with infectious diseases and convalescent animals.

Special instructions:

Handling of pregnant and lactating bitches should be done with caution under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Storage conditions:

In a dry, dark place, separate from food and feed, at a temperature from 0 to 30 ºС. The shelf life is 3 years.

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