Chlamydia In Men: Symptoms And Drug Treatment, Analyzes And Consequences

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Chlamydia In Men: Symptoms And Drug Treatment, Analyzes And Consequences
Chlamydia In Men: Symptoms And Drug Treatment, Analyzes And Consequences
Video: Chlamydia In Men: Symptoms And Drug Treatment, Analyzes And Consequences
Video: Sexual Health - Chlamydia (Male) 2023, February

Page content

  • Causes of occurrence
  • Symptoms and first signs of chlamydia in men
  • Incubation period
  • Which doctor treats chlamydia in a man
  • Treatment scheme
  • What tests need to be done
  • Treatment of chlamydia in men: main drugs
  • How and what to treat at home
  • You can defeat parasites!

Chlamydia in men occupies a leading position among sexually transmitted diseases. The annual number of people infected with chlamydia is three times more than gonorrhea.

Such indicators determine a long incubation period and mild symptoms or their absence. Therefore, chlamydial invasion often develops into a chronic form.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Causes of occurrence

The most common way of contracting chlamydia is vaginal, anal sex. Extremely low chances of infection are possible:

  • during oral sex;
  • using the same dishes, towels;
  • through the toilet seat;
  • visiting the pool, public baths;
  • if hygiene rules are not followed.

The negative characteristics of chlamydia outside the human body for two days can persist on household items, tissues. However, they should have favorable conditions, moderate temperatures. Due to this feature, the whole family can be infected with the disease.

Chlamydia under a microscope
Chlamydia under a microscope

Chlamydia under a microscope

The likelihood of infection during sexual intercourse without the use of barrier contraception with an infected woman is 50%. The incubation period ranges from two days to four weeks.

Quite often, chlamydia is diagnosed in couples undergoing infertility treatment or planning a pregnancy, while none of the partners is faced with the manifestations of the disease.

Symptoms and first signs of chlamydia in men

The appearance and severity of symptoms is influenced by the state of the immune system, as well as the ability of the pathogen to provoke inflammatory processes. In most cases, chlamydia is asymptomatic.

The absence of severe symptoms is the most dangerous characteristic of chlamydia. The carrier of the infection is unaware of its presence, which is why the disease becomes chronic with various complications.

Almost all symptoms of the disease do not have a bright color. Most of the symptoms of the disease are similar to the course of nonspecific urethritis, namely:

  • scanty, clear discharge from the urethra;
  • mild pain during urination;
  • periodic pain in the urethra, lower back, scrotum, testicles;
  • increased body temperature;
  • decreased performance, weakness due to intoxication;
  • the urine becomes cloudy, with blood particles, pus.
Transparent selections
Transparent selections

Transparent selections

In most cases, men do not pay attention to these symptoms, especially if they come and go. However, this is not a sign of recovery, on the contrary, the disease has acquired a chronic form, which is much more difficult to cure.

Incubation period

The incubation period can vary from 2 days to a month. This is influenced by the length of time during which the chlamydiae managed to settle in the mucous cells, as well as the general state of health.

If other infections are present in the body, the immune system will not be able to cope with all pathogens. Therefore, the symptoms appear as soon as possible after infection.

Also, the duration of the incubation period is influenced by:

  • hormone replacement therapy;
  • long-term use of cytostatics, which is prescribed for cancer, autoimmune diseases;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • anemia;
  • chronic overwork.

Which doctor treats chlamydia in a man

Chlamydia is diagnosed by narrow specialists. Most often, when visiting a clinic, a man is sent to a urologist. Also, therapy can take place under the supervision of a venereologist. First, the patient needs to be tested, then the doctor determines the diagnosis and prescribes treatment.

In extreme cases, to detect the disease, the doctor takes a swab from the intestine, throat, in the presence of conjunctivitis, a swab is taken from the eyelid.

Tests for chlamydia can be taken in the following ways:

  • by insurance or a doctor's prescription at the nearest city clinic;
  • purchase an express test at the pharmacy and take it at home;
  • paid in specialized laboratories.

Treatment scheme

Treating this infection in a man is a long and difficult process. Therapy is limited to antibiotics, which can enter cells and destroy pathogens. The main drugs for the treatment of chlamydia are:

  • tetracyclines;
  • fluoroquinolones;
  • macrolides.
Chlamydia treatment regimen
Chlamydia treatment regimen

The vital process of chlamydia is special, they easily develop immunity to antibiotics, so the beginning of treatment may not show good results.

To achieve maximum effectiveness, the treatment regimen includes various groups of antibiotics, which are often supplemented with antifungal agents.

To improve the protective functions of the body, the patient is prescribed immunomodulators, a diet, a multivitamin complex. If the disease is accompanied by specific secretions, the doctor prescribes local antiseptics.

To ensure the protection of the liver, while taking a large group of drugs, hepatoprotectors are prescribed.

The choice of antibiotics for each patient is individual, since treatment can be influenced by:

  • affected organs;
  • severity and stage of the disease;
  • individual characteristics of the organism.

Incorrectly selected treatment or its absence becomes the cause of the development of a chronic form. Chlamydiae develop immunity to improperly selected drugs.

The course of treatment is accompanied by the refusal of sexual intercourse, alcohol consumption, and fermented milk products are also limited. The average course of treatment is 25 days. Sometimes, re-therapy is required to fully recover.

When treating chlamydia, self-medication with folk recipes is completely excluded. They can be used exclusively as an adjunct to antibiotic therapy and only with the permission of a doctor to improve well-being. Otherwise, the disease will become chronic.

The following factors favorably influence the effectiveness of therapy:

  • prostate massage;
  • physiotherapy;
  • instillation of the urethra, baths, enemas.

What tests need to be done

Analysis Description
Polymerase chain reaction - PCR It is considered the most popular test for detecting chlamydia. Its popularity is due to its high sensitivity, which ensures 100% reliability of the analysis.
Fluorescence reaction - RIF The material taken from the patient is examined under a fluorescent microscope. The main drawback of the analysis is accuracy, about 50%. In most cases, the reliability of the analysis is influenced by the qualifications of the doctor who took the fence and examines the material. Also, the disadvantages of the analysis include such factors: the disease must be in the active phase; a large amount of material is required for research; high probability of a false positive result, for example, if staphylococcus aureus was mistaken for chlamydia.
Immunoassay - ELISA For analysis, you need to donate blood and scrapings. The principle of the study is based on the detection of antibodies that the body produces to fight infection. Also, the technique allows you to find out the stage of the disease. The disadvantage of the test is its low accuracy (60%). The results are influenced by: antibodies to the pathogen can be detected in a healthy patient; the production of antibodies can be associated with manifestations of other diseases.
Culture for antibiotic susceptibility testing It is considered the most expensive and time consuming analysis. The method helps to determine the type of antibiotics that most effectively affects the chlamydia of the patient being examined. The analysis accuracy is 70-90%.

Treatment of chlamydia in men: main drugs

The course of the disease is accompanied by the appearance of various kinds of diseases that are sexually transmitted. Therefore, during the therapy of chlamydia, the doctor individually, based on concomitant diseases, selects drugs for their treatment.

There are no exact medications for treatment. When choosing drugs, the doctor is based on the individual characteristics of the patient, symptoms, stage of the disease and the sensitivity of the pathogen to one or another antibiotic.

How and what to treat at home

Everyone's favorite folk recipes will not only not help in the treatment of chlamydia, but can also significantly aggravate the problem. There are only preventive measures to prevent infection:

  • avoid casual sex;
  • sex should be protected, especially if there is no confidence in the partner's health;
  • sexual partners must undergo preventive examinations;
  • at the appearance of the slightest symptoms of the disease, immediately consult a doctor.

If there was intimacy without using a condom, you need to adhere to the following recommendations:

  • wash the external genitalia with soap;
  • inject an antiseptic solution into the urethra;

After anal sex, be sure to flush the intestines with water with the addition of antiseptics.

Chlamydia is a fairly common sexually transmitted disease. It is extremely difficult to treat, so it is best to follow preventive measures that will help reduce the chances of infection.

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