Chlamydia Trachomatis In Women: During Pregnancy, Symptoms And How To Treat

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Chlamydia Trachomatis In Women: During Pregnancy, Symptoms And How To Treat
Chlamydia Trachomatis In Women: During Pregnancy, Symptoms And How To Treat
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Video: Sexual Health - Chlamydia (Female) 2023, February
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  • Chlamydia Trachomatis: what is it

    • Characteristics
    • Life cycle
  • Causes of occurrence
  • How is Chlamydia trachomatis transmitted and what is the incubation period
  • Symptoms of Chlamydia Trachomatis in women
  • Chlamydia Trachomatis in women during pregnancy: effect on the fetus
  • Igg blood test: how to take and where to take
  • Decoding analysis
  • The rate of Chlamydia Trachomatis in women
  • You can defeat parasites!

Chlamydia Trachomatis in women causes a disease called chlamydia.

Chlamydia Trachomatis: what is it

Chlamydia Trachomatis (Chlamydia trachomatis) is a microorganism that causes chlamydial infections and is transmitted from a carrier of the disease to a healthy person.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Chlamydia trachomatis in women
Chlamydia trachomatis in women
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Chlamydia trachomatis

Characteristics

Chlamydia Trachomatis has the following characteristic features:

  1. It parasitizes inside the cell. Chlamydia trachomatis cannot synthesize ATP, therefore, it rapidly absorbs the energy resources of the cell, leading to its complete destruction. This property combines them with viruses.
  2. Chlamydia trachomatis has a cell membrane. This is their similarity to bacteria. Because of this property, antibiotics can be used.
  3. Depending on the antigenic serotypes, it causes eye damage (trachoma); conjunctevitis; urogenital infection and can cause lymphogranuloma venereum.
  4. Has a unique life cycle.

Life cycle

Chlamydia trachomatis has two phases of development.

  • The first phase is the attachment of Chlamydia trachomatis to the human cell. In women, they join the fallopian tubes, the endometrium. Existing outside the cell, chlamydiae form elementary bodies. In this condition, chlamydiae are contagious.
  • The second phase is penetration directly into the cell. In the cell, it creates a phagosome around itself, in which its further growth occurs. Several elementary bodies of Chlamydia trachomatis can be placed in one cell. Then from an elementary body it is reborn into a reticular one. After 18-20 hours, the reticular bodies again turn into elementary ones. This process lasts 48 to 72 hours and during this time from 200 to 1000 new bodies develop.
Life cycle
Life cycle
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Antibiotics of any generation are effective only against reticular bodies. They have no effect on elementary bodies. Therefore, Chlamydia trachomatis infection is chronic and difficult to treat.

Causes of occurrence

Infection occurs from a patient infected with Chlamydia trachomatis.

How is Chlamydia trachomatis transmitted and what is the incubation period

Chlamydia trachomatis is transmitted in several ways:

  • sexual contact;
  • transmission from a sick mother to a child during childbirth;
  • contact - household (questionable).

The household contact method is theoretically possible, since Chlamydia trachomatis was found in public toilets, on towels. (Stored up to two days). But it is not documented.

Currently, there is a tendency to reduce the incubation period to 10 days.

Symptoms of Chlamydia Trachomatis in women

Quite often, chlamydia is asymptomatic, which leads to late diagnosis and treatment. Later symptoms of the disease are expressed as follows:

  • discharge from the vagina;
  • slight bleeding from the vagina;
  • pain when urinating;
  • lower abdominal pain.

The most common diseases caused by chlamydia trachomatis:

  • chlamydial cervicitis (damage to the cervix);
  • salpingitis (damage to the ureters);
  • endometritis (inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus);
  • urethritis, cystitis (inflammation of the bladder);
  • bartholinitis (inflammation of the bartholin gland).

Chlamydia Trachomatis easily moves through the blood and lymph, so joints, pharynx, conjunctiva of the eyes and other human organs can be affected.

During long-term antibiotic therapy, the natural intestinal flora is disturbed. This contributes to the addition of a fungal infection with the development of candidiasis.

Chlamydia Trachomatis in women during pregnancy: effect on the fetus

Pregnancy Influence on the fetus Exodus
Up to 15 days Fetal pathology (blastopathy). Destruction of the ovum.
Up to 12 weeks Disease and damage to the embryo (embryopathy). Malformations of the fallopian tubes.
After 12 weeks Premature birth; fetal disorders (fetopathy), inflammation of the membranes of the fetus (chorioamnionitis). Intrauterine fetal pathology; prematurity; endometritis in the mother.

As you can see, complications of Chlamydia trachomatis disease are very serious during pregnancy.

When a doctor prescribes medication, it is necessary to follow the suggested doses exactly and not to stop taking the medication on your own. Chlamydia survivors acquire resistance to this drug, and the time for complete cure continues and becomes more difficult.

Igg blood test: how to take and where to take

Blood for analysis from a vein is taken on an empty stomach. It is advisable to limit the intake of fried or smoked food before taking tests. Eliminate alcohol completely. Smoking is prohibited immediately before check-in. Blood is donated for analysis in the laboratory. The research results are handed out.

Only a doctor can correctly read the result and prescribe the correct solution! You can take it in any laboratory in your city.

Decoding analysis

An indicative test for the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis in the blood:

Linked immunosorbent assay Clarification
IgG +, IgM - No treatment required. Chlamydial carrier or immunity after illness.
IgG +, IgM + Exacerbation of a chronic disease;

The development of immunity when infected for the first time;

Treatment required.

IgG - IgM + Acute chlamydia.
IgG - IgM - No chlamydia has been found, but there is a risk of infection for the first time.

IgG antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis are calculated on the 20th day after infection!

The rate of Chlamydia Trachomatis in women

Chlamydia trachomatis should not be present in the human body. IgA and IgG antibodies should not be detected in the blood.

Examination and treatment of Chlamydia Trachomatis should be carried out by all sexual partners. There are no vaccines against chlamydia, immunity to the disease is not produced.

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