How To Remove Lice From A Child With Medication And Folk Remedies At Home

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How To Remove Lice From A Child With Medication And Folk Remedies At Home
How To Remove Lice From A Child With Medication And Folk Remedies At Home

Video: How To Remove Lice From A Child With Medication And Folk Remedies At Home

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Head lice: How to treat 2023, February
Anonim

Page content

  • Features of the treatment of the disease in children
  • Medicinal methods of excretion
  • Traditional methods of treatment
  • Prevention methods
  • You can defeat parasites!

What causes lice in children? Exclusively from contact with a person suffering from head lice, or from the use of his comb or headgear.

It may be another child or an adult, but the fact remains - in no other way, except for close contact, lice are not transmitted.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Features of the treatment of the disease in children

Usually, the first reaction of parents to the discovery of lice is shock: how is it, in a prosperous family, in an impeccably clean house - and suddenly parasites! From where, we have already found out, especially since it will hardly be possible to keep children from close contacts, head to head.

The second inevitable question is: how to get lice out of a child? Moreover, this must be done as quickly and safely as possible for the child himself and for the parents so that they themselves do not become infected with lice.

Appearance
Appearance
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Head lice appearance

But first you need to make sure that these are indeed lice. The louse is a very small insect, its length ranges from 1 to 3 mm.

She lives only on the scalp (we are not talking about other species yet), and from her bites, small swellings with a red dot in the center remain on the skin, which are very itchy and make the child scratch this place all the time. If you look closely, you can see the lice with the naked eye.

Nits
Nits
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Nits (eggs) in hair

The second sign of head lice is the presence of nits (eggs) a couple of centimeters from the hair roots.

It is easy to confuse them with dandruff, but if you try to remove the nits from the hair, you find that it is very firmly glued to it by a special substance that the louse secretes when laying eggs.

After removing the nit, squeeze it with your nails, and you will hear a characteristic slight click from a burst egg.

Treatment of head lice is aimed at destroying not only the lice themselves, but also the nits, which will turn into adult insects in about a week. Therefore, the treatment of the head should be repeated after 7-8 days.

It is much easier to treat boys for head lice - a very short haircut makes it easy to detect the presence of lice and nits, but what is it like for girls with long hair - their pride? Here mom will have to make every effort, and the girl will have to show a lot of patience.

The most important condition for the treatment of head lice is safety. Sometimes you can hear advice that you can remove parasites from a child with kerosene or dichlorvos. This is totally unacceptable!

Kerosene can cause chemical burns, not to mention the smell, which is incredibly difficult to get rid of, and dichlorvos is extremely toxic.

And what is the point of resorting to such remedies when you can quickly and effectively remove lice even at home with modern anti-lice remedies - insecticidal shampoos, sprays, aerosols and lotions, which are sold in any pharmacy. In principle, a good remedy can kill lice in 1 day, but there are still nits that must be combed out.

Get tested for worms

Symptoms Answer Itching in the anal area Yes Not Dysbacteriosis Yes Not General weakness Yes Not Dry cough Yes Not The appearance of allergic reactions Yes Not Weight loss Yes Not Headaches Yes Not Dizziness Yes Not Increased irritability Yes Not Swelling of the face and eyelids Yes Not Do you want to get rid of parasites quickly and permanently? The answer is here

Medicinal methods of excretion

The palette of modern anti-lice remedies is very wide, but not all of them can be used for children, so be sure to carefully read the instructions, whether it is possible with this remedy to remove lice from a child at 1 year old or from two years old. The instructions also indicate how long you need to keep the product on your head.

Permitrin
Permitrin
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Permitrin

So, how and how can you get rid of lice? The safest are agents in which the active ingredient is permitrin - a synthetic analogue of chamomile extract, less toxic than others, but no less effective.

Silicone-based drugs are considered even safer, since their effect is not chemical, but physical: they form a shell impermeable to oxygen on the lice, as a result of which the parasites die, but they do not have any negative effect on the hair and scalp of the child.

The use of sprays and aerosols is preferable as they are less toxic, but no less effective than shampoos.

Head lice shampoos

The main active ingredient in almost all such shampoos is permethrin - an effective insecticide, which is considered relatively harmless to the human body, and has a neuroparalytic effect on insects.

  • NOC is one of the most popular, although there are restrictions: it cannot be used by children under 2 years of age and pregnant women. It should be applied to the scalp for 30-40 minutes and then washed off.
  • Veda and Veda-2 are also quite effective remedies with a similar composition.
  • Biosim in an amount of 20 ml is applied to the head, foamed strongly and after a while washed off.
  • Pedilin is available in the form of shampoo and emulsion. Penetrates through the chitinous membrane and effectively kills lice.
  • The parasidosis is sold together with a special comb for combing out lice and nits, has a fast response - it is applied for only 5 minutes.

Lotions, sprays, aerosols for head lice

  • Medifox lotion-gel based on permethrin, has a paralyzing effect on lice. It is used for children from 1 year old.
  • Para-plus is an aerosol with two active ingredients: malathion and permethrin.
  • Nyuda - a silicone-based spray with a milder effect compared to other drugs; recommended for the treatment of head lice in children who have contraindications to the use of chemicals.
  • Paranit - silicone-based spray; destroys lice in 15 minutes, but does not affect nits. Sold with a nit comb.
Medicines for head lice
Medicines for head lice
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Lotions, sprays, aerosols for head lice

Several important recommendations:

  • Be sure to carefully read the instructions for the drug and its contraindications.
  • Some parents use several anti-lice drugs at once - it seems to them that it will be more reliable, but the effect may be the opposite: another drug deactivates the action of the first.
  • All family members must undergo anti-lice treatment at the same time.
  • It is not recommended to wash your hair for at least two days after treatment.
  • Before processing, you need to isolate the skin around the scalp by simply tying it with a towel or bandage.
  • The child himself must be wrapped in a white sheet or any white cloth so that the lice or nits that have fallen on it are clearly visible and can be immediately destroyed.
  • For combing, special combs are intended, which are often included in the kit with the tool, but you can do with the usual frequent comb by stringing a little cotton wool on it. So you will see the result of your efforts, and not a single louse or nit will slip by. To make it easier to comb out the nits, it is recommended to rinse your hair with a vinegar solution.

Traditional methods of treatment

Vinegar from nits
Vinegar from nits
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Perhaps the most popular folk way to get rid of lice is hellebore water. True, hellebore is a poisonous plant, so the remedy is quite toxic, but very effective.

After shampooing with ordinary shampoo, lubricate your hair and scalp with hellebore water (it is better to do this with a sponge or with rubber gloves), put a plastic bag on your hair, rinse off after half an hour, wash your hair with shampoo again and comb your hair.

By the way, combing is one of the main folk ways to get rid of lice and nits. It is better to do this with vinegar, it dissolves the sticky substance with which nits are attached to the hair. A great way for long hair, according to reviews. There are two ways:

  • dilute 9% vinegar with water in a 1: 2 ratio, lubricate hair and scalp thoroughly, cover the head with a bag, and on top with a towel, and after 20 minutes rinse and then comb out the hair;
  • After rinsing the hair with vinegar solution, they are thrown back to one side, and then they are separated one by one small strand and carefully combed out from the very roots. After several such procedures with an interval of several days, parasites will not remain.

Tar in the composition of tar soap or shampoo is a traditional folk remedy: the foamed soap is rubbed into damp hair, covered with a bag and washed off after 15 minutes. With short hair, one procedure is enough, with long hair, several will be required.

It is possible even today to try to remove lice from a child with folk remedies, but does it make sense, because various herbs and plants are included in the composition of many pharmaceutical products?

Prevention methods

The main prevention method is to avoid close head-to-head contact. It is difficult to explain this to a small child, but adolescents should understand, especially since the widespread head lice has recently been associated with the habit of taking selfies, where the heads often come close together. It is also necessary to teach the child never to use someone else's comb and not to wear someone else's headdress.

To some extent, essential oils can be considered a prophylactic agent, especially geranium oil, the smell of which lice cannot stand. Add a few drops of this essential oil to your regular shampoo, and girls with long hair can apply a couple of drops on their heads to create a kind of perfume.

And, of course, constant, at least weekly monitoring, especially if you notice that the child is scratching his head. Although it is not difficult to cure a child today, you should not take this problem lightly.

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