Cimicidae: Family, Description, Life Cycle

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Cimicidae: Family, Description, Life Cycle
Cimicidae: Family, Description, Life Cycle

Video: Cimicidae: Family, Description, Life Cycle

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  • Cimicidae: what it looks like, species, characteristics
  • Why Cimicidae is dangerous: harmfulness
  • What to do
  • You can defeat parasites!

The Cimicidae is a family of small parasitic insects that feed exclusively on blood from warm-blooded animals. They are called cimicids, or simply bed bugs. About 90 species are found in the Cimicidae family.

Bedbugs
Bedbugs
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What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Cimicidae: what it looks like, species, characteristics

The bed bug imago (the final phase of development) is an insect measuring 4.2-6.5 mm. The size of the insect depends on the degree of filling with blood. The well-fed bug grows up to 6.5 mm, acquires a bright red color.

The imago is characterized by a nocturnal lifestyle: at night the parasite is active in search of warm-blooded animals, at night it finds shelter in darkened places. However, hungry individuals can bite in the daytime. The insect is distinguished by poor eyesight, but has a developed sense of smell.

The bed bug prefers to infect areas of the skin that are not covered by clothing. The injection is carried out by the thinnest proboscis, and is not perceptible.

The body of the imago is flattened, covered with short, finest hairs, with rudiments of lost wings - elytra, oval plates located in the middle part of the insect's chest. Legs - the so-called. running, legs are three-segmented. Fore-dorsum, upper segment of thorax, with lighter margins, with prominent angles in the form of wide lobes.

The bugs mouth apparatus is represented by a three-segmented proboscis with bristles. Antennae four-membered, eyes convex-rounded.

The egg of a bed bug is white in the initial phase, then with a yellowish tinge, curved, goblet, with a cap on top. Larva (nymph). It differs in smaller size from an adult, has a rounded eight-segment abdomen, two-segment tarsi, and shorter antennae.

What do the female and male bed bugs look like? They differ in the shape of the abdomen (in the male - more asymmetric, in the female - with a rounded end), reproductive organs.

Cimicidae
Cimicidae
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Why Cimicidae is dangerous: harmfulness

Being a blood-sucking parasite, the bed bug inflicts bites on humans, animals, birds, while the larvae of the bug and the imago feed on the blood. In the course of research, it was found that the bug may be a carrier of typhus, plague, tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases.

In fact, the harm of bedbugs consists in irritation, itching, allergic reactions caused by the bite of the parasite.

Bug life cycle
Bug life cycle
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Bug life cycle

What to do

How to get rid of bed bugs? The above remedies are good, but prevention is the best measure.

  1. Favorable sanitary conditions in the house, timely repairs - elimination of possible cracks, holes as a potential haven for malware;
  2. Careful use of pieces of furniture, second-hand things;
  3. Considering that the bug can temporarily parasitize on all warm-blooded animals, exclusion of contact with stray animals, isolation of pets.

How to get rid of bed bugs? Preparations, means for the destruction of ectoparasites - broad spectrum insecticides, acaricides.

There are also remedies for bedbugs of transovarian action - reducing the fertility of females in new generations.

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