Cysticercosis In Humans And Animals: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Of Brain Disease (photo And Video)

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Cysticercosis In Humans And Animals: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Of Brain Disease (photo And Video)
Cysticercosis In Humans And Animals: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Of Brain Disease (photo And Video)

Video: Cysticercosis In Humans And Animals: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Of Brain Disease (photo And Video)

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: CYSTICERCOSIS 2023, February
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Page content

  • What is cysticercosis
  • Infection routes
  • Difference between teniidosis and cysticercosis
  • Life cycle
  • Brain damage
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnostics and treatment
  • You can defeat parasites!

Tapeworms are well known for their ability to cause intestinal infections in humans.

There are a number of tapeworms that can be ingested by eating poorly processed meat. This problem is especially true when meat is eaten raw or undercooked.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Pork tapeworm is one of the most common types of parasitic worms that cause intestinal disease.

However, this tapeworm can leave the intestines and settle in other tissues and organs, thereby causing more serious disease. The most dangerous place it can hit is the brain.

Tape worms (cestodes)
Tape worms (cestodes)
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What is cysticercosis

Cysticercosis is a condition when a cyst (an immature form of pork tapeworm) migrates from the intestines to other organs, in particular the muscles and brain of a person, causing neurocysticercosis (damage to the nervous system).

In addition to the muscles and the brain, the larvae of the pork tapeworm can parasitize in the eyes, liver and subcutaneous tissues, as well as in other internal organs.

This disease is very relevant in the United States due to the influx of migrants from endemic regions. However, many people are still unaware of this serious and potentially life-threatening condition.

Although pork tapeworm is the main cause of cysticercosis, other worms can also cause it.

What is cysticercosis
What is cysticercosis
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Infection routes

The main way people contract cysticercosis is through food and water. These can be raw fruits, vegetables, or meat that have been infected with the parasite's eggs.

Tapeworm eggs are very sticky and can persist for a long time under the wearer's nails. Thanks to this, even vegetarians can become infected with cysticercosis.

Infection routes
Infection routes
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Difference between teniidosis and cysticercosis

Teniidosis (lat. Taeniasis) is a common parasitic disease caused by tapeworms of the genus Taenina: T. Solium, in particular pork, bovine and Asian tapeworms.

Teniidosis is the result of eating poorly cooked meat charged with tapeworm eggs.

The chain that causes teniidosis may also be responsible for cysticercosis. However, cysticercosis is not caused by eating poorly cooked meat.

It is a consequence of teniidosis resulting from the ingestion of eggs into the human body, which subsequently develop to the larval stage and begin to move to other human organs.

Difference between teniidosis and cysticercosis
Difference between teniidosis and cysticercosis
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Life cycle

Understanding the pathophysiology of cysticercosis plays an important role in preventing disease and identifying early symptoms. It is equally important to know the life cycle of the tapeworm and how the parasite leads to disease.

The life cycle of the pork tapeworm that causes teniidosis and cysticercosis will look like this:

  • Pigs eat fecal contaminated foods that contain tapeworm eggs or proglottids (segments of adult tapeworm).
  • The parasite then enters the oncosphere (six-hooked larva) stage, which then penetrates the intestinal wall and takes refuge in the muscles of the pig.
  • After that, the oncospheres mature to the stage of cysticercus (larval cysts).
  • Cysticercus then enters the human body by eating poorly processed meat.
  • Cysticercus continue to live in the human intestine until it is completely transformed into adult tapeworms.
  • Adults lay eggs, which are excreted together with human feces.
pork tapeworm life cycle
pork tapeworm life cycle
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In this case, pigs are intermediate hosts, and people are final, and cysticercosis will develop only when the cyst of the pork tapeworm begins to move from the intestine to other organs.

Brain damage

Cysticercus can develop in a number of different tissues and organs, however, parasitizing cysticercus in the brain is especially dangerous. This disease is known as neurocysticercosis.

Usually the immune system attacks these foreign organisms. However, cysticercus can turn off the immune system and successfully parasitize brain tissue.

However, over time, the body's immune system begins to respond to the vital activity of parasites, which leads to inflammation of the brain tissue. At this stage, the symptoms of cysticercosis begin to actively manifest themselves.

Brain damage
Brain damage
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Symptoms

Research shows that nearly 80% of cases of neurocysticercosis are asymptomatic.

The disease may not appear from 3 to 5 years after infection.

Signs and symptoms of neurocysticercosis include:

  • Headaches.
  • Mental disorders.
  • Depression.
  • Psychosis.

Death occurs only in severe cases

Take a test for cysticercosis

Symptoms Answer Headache Yes Not High blood pressure Yes Not Dizziness Yes Not Constant temperature rise Yes Not Vomiting Yes Not Depression Yes Not Psychosis Yes Not Epileptic seizures Yes Not Occipital-cervical pain Yes Not Decreased taste sensitivity Yes Not

Diagnostics and treatment

It is important that the doctor makes an accurate diagnosis. This facilitates treatment and also helps to rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms.

Blood tests can indicate an infection, but are usually not entirely reliable. The best option for detecting the disease is to have an MRI or CT scan.

Cysticercosis does not always require treatment, for example, in asymptomatic cases. However, when symptoms do occur, immediate treatment is required. Treatment should focus on killing the parasite and controlling health conditions.

This is accomplished with one or more of the following drugs:

  • Albendazole and praziquantel (antiparasitic drugs).
  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
  • Anticonvulsants.

Surgery may be required in some cases when patients are not responding to treatment. It may also be necessary for hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain).

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