Signs Of Pinworms In Adults: Symptoms And Treatment

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Signs Of Pinworms In Adults: Symptoms And Treatment
Signs Of Pinworms In Adults: Symptoms And Treatment

Video: Signs Of Pinworms In Adults: Symptoms And Treatment

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Video: How to identify pinworm infection 2023, February
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Page content

  • Pinworm life cycle
  • Infection methods
  • Common signs of pinworm infection in adults
  • Symptoms of a pulmonary infection
  • Signs of complications
  • Definition of pinworms in adults
  • Treatment of pinworms in adults
  • You can defeat parasites!

Pinworms are a genus of worms from the oxyurid family that parasitize the human digestive system. They are the cause of enterobiasis. It is one of the most famous and widespread human parasites.

Children become infected more often, adults get sick less often. Usually, adults become infected when there is a child with enterobiasis in the family.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

In order to prevent possible consequences in time, you first need to know what are the signs of pinworms in adults. This article will be about this.

Pinworms
Pinworms
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Pinworms

Pinworm life cycle

After ingestion of pinworm eggs, infection occurs. When eggs enter the intestine, almost immediately they become larvae, develop in the lumen of the intestine and feed on its contents. Within 2-3 weeks, the larvae turn into adult pinworms, then the male fertilizes the female.

After that, the female detaches from the intestinal wall and moves down to the rectum. The female must then exit the rectum and lay eggs in the area near the anus. One female is capable of producing up to 18,000 eggs. Outside the human body, eggs remain viable for up to 3 weeks. Sexually mature pinworms live for about a month.

Life cycle
Life cycle
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Life cycle

In the early morning and at night, adult pinworms can be found on the skin near the perineum and among underwear and bedding.

Infection methods

Infection is possible:

  • When combing the anal area. At night, the female lays eggs, irritates this area, provokes itching and the patient reflexively scratches the area near the anus. If personal hygiene is not observed (rare washing of hands and lack of daily toilet), eggs enter the mouth through the hands and self-infection occurs again.
  • Through contact with a pinworm carrier.
  • Through household items (doorknobs, books, toys, poorly washed dishes, bedding).
  • Together with food.
  • Through animal fur.

Common signs of pinworm infection in adults

  • Itching of the anal area (more often at night).
  • Cramping pains in the abdomen, weak.
  • Loose stools.
  • Insomnia, weakness.
  • Women often have profuse vaginal discharge, a burning sensation at the entrance to the vagina, and soreness during sexual intercourse.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Allergic reactions.
Urticaria with enterobiasis
Urticaria with enterobiasis
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Urticaria with enterobiasis

Symptoms of a pulmonary infection

Rarely, pinworms can be found in an atypical place in the human body. There are isolated cases of eggs entering the respiratory tract. In this case, a runny nose and dry cough usually appear.

Signs of complications

If untreated, various complications can develop:

  • Dizziness, apathy.
  • In women, endometritis and vulvovaginitis due to pinworms entering the vagina.
  • Sharp, prolonged colic.
  • Bloating, flatulence.

Scratching the skin around the anus by the patient, violation of the rules of personal hygiene can lead to:

  • Secondary bacterial infection of the epithelium and subcutaneous fat at the sites of scratching.
  • Dermatitis.
  • Enterobiotic appendicitis.

Definition of pinworms in adults

To establish a diagnosis of enterobiasis, several diagnostic methods are used:

  1. Identification of key symptoms: itching at night, loss of appetite, weakness.
  2. Analysis of feces for pinworm eggs. This method is not informative enough. Therefore, other methods are additionally used.
  3. Scraping in the anal sphincter area. To do this, scrape the contents of the area near the anus with a cotton swab.
  4. An imprint of the anal sphincter area. In this method, sticky tape is used, which is glued to this area, then the tape is glued to the glass and viewed under a microscope.

Treatment of pinworms in adults

Treatment of enterobiasis in adults should be complex, multistage. Self-medication is unacceptable, consultation with a doctor is required to prescribe medications in the correct doses.

Destruction of worms with special antihelminthic drugs: use drugs "Piperazine", "Pirantel", "Vormil", "Vermox", "Nemozol". These medicines are taken in the morning. It is recommended to eat light and liquid food per day to prevent diarrhea and better assimilation of the drug.

Pirantel
Pirantel
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Also in the evening, after taking antihelminthic drugs, you should take a laxative: "Pilokals", "Senade". A prerequisite for treatment is to repeat the course of drugs after 2-3 weeks.

The patient and his family must follow a number of hygiene rules:

  • Always wash your hands after using the toilet, before eating, after outside.
  • Frequent change of underwear (morning and evening).
  • Iron the laundry thoroughly every time after washing.
  • Apartment cleaning (daily, wet and dry).
  • Cut your nails short.

Enterobiasis is a rather serious disease, so self-medication must be excluded. A doctor's consultation and the use of individually selected therapeutic regimens are required.

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