Worms In A Child Photo: What Parasites Look Like In A Child

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Worms In A Child Photo: What Parasites Look Like In A Child
Worms In A Child Photo: What Parasites Look Like In A Child

Video: Worms In A Child Photo: What Parasites Look Like In A Child

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  • Roundworms or nematodes

    Pinworms

  • How do you know if a child has worms? Symptoms and signs
  • Types of worms in a child, photo
  • How to get tested for worms for a child?
  • Symptoms
  • Helminthiasis in infants: features of the disease
  • Treatment of worms in children
  • Treatment with folk remedies
  • You can defeat parasites!

Worms in children can appear at any age. Both babies up to a year and adolescents, regardless of social status and organization, are susceptible to infection. The severity of the course of the invasion is directly influenced by the life cycle of the pathogen, which in turn is associated with the structure of the worms.

It is possible to see adults in feces only with several types of intestinal helminthiasis, but in order to imagine all the harm caused to a fragile body, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the external features of all types of children's parasites.

What to do in such a situation? To get started, we recommend reading this article. This article details the methods of dealing with parasites. We also recommend contacting a specialist. Read the article >>>

Helminthiasis in children
Helminthiasis in children
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Roundworms or nematodes

The most common group of helminths in young children, which causes various types of nematodes.

A feature of round worms is the complete absence of the respiratory and circulatory systems. They absorb oxygen through the entire body.

The sizes of worms vary from small to medium worms, the habitat of individuals is various parts of the intestine. Pinworm is the causative agent of enterobiasis, which is often diagnosed in children under one year old.

Pinworms

These are some of the most common worms in babies. They can be seen in a baby's pot with the naked eye.

  • The sizes of females reach 12 mm, and males 5 mm. Their body shape is similar to a spindle.
  • In females, the tip is pointed, in males it is twisted into a ring.
  • Above, the body is slightly widened and equipped with a vesicle (mouth), with which the pinworm is attached to the intestinal wall. The oral cavity gradually merges into the esophagus, followed by the intestines and the genital opening.

Pinworms have a special life cycle in which females die after laying eggs, and males after mating. Therefore, you can often see these parasites in a baby's feces in large numbers. They look like scraps of white threads.

Many parents say they have seen similar black worms in their stool. But such colors do not exist in parasites. Particles of undigested fibers from food are most often taken for worms.

Pinworm larvae
Pinworm larvae
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How do you know if a child has worms? Symptoms and signs

Signs of infection are the same as in ordinary ARVI, respectively, many parents cannot recognize the infection with parasites. The child has weakness, drowsiness, lack of or over-appetite. Slight temperature rise possible.

But most often, worms are found in the feces of a child (pinworms) or on palpation of the abdominal cavity (ascariasis). It is not uncommon for children to develop a strange rash, diarrhea, and dark circles under the eyes.

Types of worms in a child, photo

The most common parasites in our climatic zone are:

Nematodes: ascariasis, enterobiasis, trichocephalosis, trichinosis, ankylostomiasis

Roundworms (nematodes)
Roundworms (nematodes)
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Roundworms (nematodes)

Cestodosis: hymenolepiasis, teniasis, teniarinchiasis, diphyllobothriasis, echinococcosis

Tape worms (cestodes)
Tape worms (cestodes)
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Tape worms (cestodes)

Trematodes: opisthorchiasis, fascioliasis

Fluke worms (trematodes)
Fluke worms (trematodes)
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How to get tested for worms for a child?

It should be noted that the most common is the analysis of feces. To do this, it is necessary to take the first portion of feces per day into a sterile container. The biomaterial must be delivered to the laboratory within 2 hours. This is a simple type of analysis, similar studies are carried out in any district polyclinic. Referral can be obtained from your pediatrician.

Common ways to get tested for worms:

  • Blood. This type of analysis is the most accurate, it gives a reliable result in 95% of cases. It can help determine helminthiasis, even if there are no obvious signs and symptoms of infection.
  • Scraping. You can carry out the fence with scotch tape or a cotton swab. It is necessary in the morning after waking up to hold a cotton swab around the anus. You can use the sticky side of the tape to touch your baby's anus. This piece of tape is placed in a sterile container. The child does not need to wash the ass before taking the test

Symptoms

Not all helminths cause obvious clinical signs of the disease in children. There are individuals that have been in the human body for years and do not make themselves felt. The impetus for their development is a decrease in the host's immune defense. Thirty years ago, a theory arose among scientists that it was parasites that provoke serious somatic pathologies of internal systems and organs, including cancerous processes. And so far this opinion does not lose its relevance.

Almost every one of us, and even a child, becomes an involuntary carrier of infections of various origins - bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic. Worms and protozoa in the human body live at its expense, eating foods that enter the digestive tract, as well as blood and epithelial cells. At the same time, helminths release toxins and poisons that slag the body, provoke unpleasant symptoms in the form of low-grade fever, weakness and other health problems.

Since there are many types of parasites, experts have identified a list of common clinical symptoms indicating the presence of an invasion in the body. Let's consider them in more detail:

  • changes in appetite, both upward and downward, salivation, nausea, weight loss;
  • allergic reactions of various forms;
  • headaches, weakness, stool disorders such as constipation and diarrhea, periodic discomfort in the right hypochondrium;
  • brittle nails and hair, deterioration in the appearance of the skin caused by a chronic lack of vitamin B12;
  • frequent infectious and inflammatory pathologies of the nasopharynx, intimate zone.

Since during helminthiasis a huge amount of toxic compounds enters the human bloodstream, the child's nervous system is seriously affected. This aspect manifests itself in the form of increased irritability, uncontrolled outbursts of aggression, sleep disorders, problems with perseverance and concentration. All of these points are also in addition to the symptoms of helminthic invasions.

Get tested for worms

Symptoms Answer Itching in the anal area Yes Not Dysbacteriosis Yes Not General weakness Yes Not Dry cough Yes Not The appearance of allergic reactions Yes Not Weight loss Yes Not Headaches Yes Not Dizziness Yes Not Increased irritability Yes Not Swelling of the face and eyelids Yes Not

Helminthiasis in infants: features of the disease

As a rule, parasites are detected in preschool children, starting from two years. In infants, this situation is rare, although such cases cannot be completely ruled out. The baby becomes infected with parasites from about six months, when his diet includes the first complementary foods, potentially dangerous from the point of view of pathogenic microflora and helminths, or he begins to study the world around him.

It is much more difficult to diagnose an invasion in such a child. The symptoms of the disease in a baby are the following signs, which are often confused with manifestations of other pathological processes:

  • anxiety and poor sleep;
  • hyperemia and swelling in the anal area, and in girls and near the external genitalia;
  • digestive disorders: a tendency to stool retention or, on the contrary, diarrhea, vomiting, colic in the abdomen;
  • weight loss, lack of appetite;
  • pale and dry skin, blue under the eyes;
  • allergic rashes on any part of the body, most often in the area of ​​the legs;
  • subfebrile temperature of unknown origin;
  • intermittent cough that is not related to respiratory infections.

All of these signs of helminthiasis in a child indicate various disorders. To confirm the diagnosis, it is necessary to donate the baby's feces for an appropriate analysis.

To cure a disease in infants is much more difficult than in older children. The fact is that most anthelmintic drugs are contraindicated for up to two years, and they also have serious side effects. For an immature organism, such experiments can turn into disastrous consequences. But what to do if the infants have confirmed helminthic invasion?

Treatment of worms in children at home
Treatment of worms in children at home
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Secondly, the parasitologist can indeed prescribe drug therapy if the disease directly threatens the health of a small child. Deterioration of immune defenses, general intoxication of the body and dysfunctional digestive disorders will turn out to be nothing good for a growing baby, except for serious health problems. Sometimes helminthiasis threatens the life of a baby if parasites in large numbers affect internal organs and systems.

Traditional medicine cannot and should not be used in the treatment of infants under one year old. This is due to the fact that, despite the external harmlessness, all medicinal plants are highly toxic and can cause a toxic effect on the child's body. It is also almost impossible to choose a dosage for a baby, so such treatment can cause more harm than good.

Treatment of worms in children

Before choosing a treatment, a pediatrician must diagnose the disease and determine what type of helminth is present in a particular case. For this, the analysis of feces for eggs / larvae of worms is recommended to be taken not once, but within 3 days in a row. On the basis of the data obtained, the totality of indirect symptoms and the exclusion of other pathologies that cause a similar clinical picture, the child, and sometimes all family members, is prescribed antihelminthic therapy in order to avoid the formation of a focus of infection.

It means:

  • preparation for the removal of parasites;
  • treatment directly aimed at eliminating helminths;
  • elimination of painful symptoms;
  • restoration of the immune system, gastrointestinal tract and other organs, whose function has been impaired by worms.

As preparatory means, parasitologists, infectious disease specialists, pediatricians and other specialists who help to cure helminthic invasion use vegetable oils such as flaxseed and pumpkin. They quickly bind all the toxic substances that were formed as a result of the vital activity of helminths, and remove them from the body. Enterosgel can be prescribed from pharmacy sorbents. It is harmless and non-toxic, and therefore it is freely given to children even from the first month of life.

For the treatment of worms, drugs are selected taking into account the pathogen. Most often these are broad-spectrum medications. For instance:

Dekaris - pills that cause muscle paralysis of ascaris, pinworms, whipworms and about 5 more types of helminths; the children's form of release has a pleasant apricot smell and a light orange color, which "interests" the child to take the medicine

Dekaris
Dekaris
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Pirantel is a drug for the treatment of enterobiasis, trichocephalosis, ascariasis, necatorosis (the causative agent is the nekator worm) and hookworm infection (hookworm worms); efficiency is achieved due to neuromuscular blockade of parasites; children, as a rule, are prescribed in the form of a suspension of dull yellow color

Pirantel
Pirantel
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Vermox is a white or beige tabletted agent, which is used for the therapy and prevention of infection with pinworms, roundworms and other ill-wishers, and is also often prescribed for mixed helminthiasis; has a detrimental effect on worms by depleting the supply of glycogen in their tissues

The drug "Vermox"
The drug "Vermox"
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Since symptoms and treatment are inseparable concepts in medicine, therapy is required to combat individual manifestations of the disease. For example, he may be prescribed antihistamines (Suprastin, Diazolin), mucolytics and bronchodilators (Bromhexin, Ambrobene, Mukaltin), antispasmodics (Papaverin), iron preparations (Irovit, Venofer - for anemia).

Medicines with milk thistle (Geparsil, Darsil) will help to normalize the liver. In order to increase immunity, children are prescribed multivitamin complexes (Alphabet, Vitrum Baby) and immunostimulants (Immunal, Transfer Factor Kids).

Surgical treatment is rarely used, only if:

  • prolonged spasm of the small intestine due to the presence of dead roundworm in it;
  • blockage of bile ducts in a child with worms;
  • perforation of the intestinal wall with helminth; acute appendicitis caused by the clogging of the vermiform appendix by parasites.

Treatment with folk remedies

With the help of folk remedies, you cannot completely get rid of parasites, but you can speed up the treatment process and raise immunity. There are several recipes that are extremely useful for worms.

  1. Pumpkin seeds. Pumpkin seeds have a negative effect on worms and promote their release, while improving digestion. A few hours before breakfast, on an empty stomach, you need to eat a small handful of seeds - this should be done every day until complete healing.
  2. Garlic. The essential oils of garlic have a detrimental effect on parasites, so it is advised to eat it for helminthic infestations. It is enough to eat a few cloves before breakfast, snack on brown bread to notice the positive effect.

The best effect can be achieved by combining folk remedies and medicines. It is also important to follow all the rules of personal hygiene, otherwise the disease will recur. In general, with pinworms and roundworms, the prognosis is favorable: with proper treatment, these parasites go away quickly enough.

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