Analysis For Trichomoniasis In Women And Men: Which One To Take

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Analysis For Trichomoniasis In Women And Men: Which One To Take
Analysis For Trichomoniasis In Women And Men: Which One To Take
Video: Analysis For Trichomoniasis In Women And Men: Which One To Take
Video: Clinical Minute: Trichomoniasis Testing and Screening 2023, February
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Trichomoniasis in our time is considered a fairly common disease, therefore, the question of which test for trichomoniasis is the most effective and accurate is very relevant. The disease is caused by vaginal Trichomonas, which affects the organs of the urinary and genital areas. It is timely diagnosis that makes it possible to identify the presence of the causative agent of the disease in the body and start treatment in a timely manner.

Content

  • 1 Performing diagnostics

    1.1 Inspection

  • 2 Blood test

    • 2.1 mutual fund
    • 2.2 General urine analysis
  • 3 Bacteriological examination
  • 4 Microscopic examination
  • 5 Conclusions

Diagnostics implementation

Confirmation of the diagnosis is based on:

  • general inspection;
  • collection of anamnestic data;
  • the results of the studies.

Inspection

During the examination, men about the presence of a disease such as trichomoniasis will be evidenced by:

  • the presence of pathological discharge from the urethra, which are purulent;
  • hyperemia of the penis.

When examining women for trichomoniasis, the following symptoms will be indicated:

  • hyperemia of the areas of localization of the vagina;
  • hyperemic granulomatous areas located on the cervical part of the uterus;
  • swelling and hyperemia of the mouth of the urethra.

Blood test

First of all, the patient is recommended to take the CBC, the results of which will indicate an increase in the number of leukocytes and an increase in ESR.

Assign examinations such as:

  1. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The material for the study is venous blood, the presence of antibodies to the causative agent of the disease is determined, because they are almost always produced with a normal immune response of the human body. During an acute process, immunoglobulins M will be present in the body, if the disease becomes chronic, immunoglobulins G will indicate its presence. However, in the case of trichomoniasis, not everything is so easy, because its pathogen is endowed with the ability to hide from the human immune system, connecting with natural body proteins. That is why this study is not considered effective, because it often does not show reliable results.
  2. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This method is distinguished by an extremely high level of efficiency and sensitivity; it can be used to detect DNA particles of the causative agent of trichomoniasis in the human body. The only, so to speak, drawback of this method is its high cost.

Mutual fund

This method, like the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, is based on the detection of antibodies to the causative agent of the disease, but the test material is a secret from the patient's genitals, regardless of gender.

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Research is carried out "in vitro", that is, in a test tube. Antibodies corresponding to the pathogen are injected to the material under study, which fight Trichomonas. This is monitored by doctors and determines what is the reaction between antibodies and antigens.

General urine analysis

The results of this study will indicate:

  • increased level of density;
  • an increase in the amount of protein;
  • leukocytosis - up to 30 in the field of view;
  • the presence of fresh erythrocytes - up to 10 in the field of view;
  • the presence of bacteria and hyaline casts.

Bacteriological examination

It is carried out for both women and men, while the test material for trichomoniasis in women is a secret from the urethra and uterine canal, the lateral surfaces of the vagina. In men, the material for research is discharge from the urethra.

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For the results to be reliable, you must adhere to the following recommendations:

  1. The collection of material should be carried out only before treatment.
  2. Material from the urethra is taken 3 hours after the act of urination, but if the discharge is abundant, then the sampling can be carried out 30 minutes after urination.
  3. The collection of material from the vagina should be carried out before the onset of menstruation or a few days after it.

In order to improve the effectiveness of the study, the provocation of the pathogen is often used, it can be of a biological, alimentary or chemical nature.

Bacteriological examination is used almost always, because it allows you to detect the presence of Trichomonas in the human body in 100% of cases. It is possible to diagnose diseases with the help of this study even if the pathology has an asymptomatic course.

Microscopic examination

It is possible to detect the presence of the causative agent of trichomoniasis in the human body under a microscope due to Gram staining. The causative agent has an oval shape with flagella. Other painting techniques can also be used:

  • according to Gendheim;
  • according to Leishman.

This examination is considered fast, because the result can be obtained within a few hours after the delivery of the material. However, it is necessary to focus on the fact that the method does not have a high level of sensitivity, because the pathogen can only be detected in 60% of cases.

conclusions

Summing up, it is necessary to state that there are a lot of diagnostic methods for trichomoniasis, all that is needed to detect it is to consult a doctor in a timely manner. Therefore, if any pathological symptoms appear, in no case should you hesitate, it is imperative to consult a doctor.

If the diagnosis is confirmed, it will be possible to start treatment and eliminate the risk of future health problems. Here is almost all the information about what tests make it possible to identify a disease such as trichomoniasis.

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