How Can You Get Toxoplasmosis From A Cat, Is It Transmitted To Humans

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How Can You Get Toxoplasmosis From A Cat, Is It Transmitted To Humans
How Can You Get Toxoplasmosis From A Cat, Is It Transmitted To Humans

Video: How Can You Get Toxoplasmosis From A Cat, Is It Transmitted To Humans

Video: How Can You Get Toxoplasmosis From A Cat, Is It Transmitted To Humans
Video: Toxoplasmosis: How Parasites in Your Cat Can Infect Your Brain 2023, March
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Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease that is most often asymptomatic. This disease leads to very serious consequences, destructive for the human body. Let's talk about how toxoplasmosis is transmitted and what to do to avoid it.

Content

  • 1 Who is most commonly affected by toxoplasmosis
  • 2 How does toxoplasmosis infection occur?
  • 3 Ways of infection that are slightly less common
  • 4 Diagnostic methods for detecting toxoplasmosis in humans
  • 5 What are the preventive measures

The whole danger and insidiousness of this disease lies in the fact that it is difficult to detect it without diagnostic methods, it practically does not manifest itself clinically. Anyone can become infected with toxoplasmosis.

Who is most commonly affected by toxoplasmosis

The risk of getting this parasitic infection is in children, gardeners and summer residents who regularly come into contact with the soil, hunters, farmers and agricultural workers, lovers of semi-raw meat "with blood", and all people who have a cat at home

How does toxoplasmosis infection occur?

The main vectors of infection are animals sick with this disease. In order for the transmission of the disease from the animal to occur, you just need to stroke it, and the bacterial flora is already on your hands, then everything depends on the immune system of the person in contact.

Cows, sheep, and pigs also suffer from toxoplasmosis. From such animals, the disease can be transmitted by food - when eating poorly fried and boiled meat of an infected animal. Gourmets, lovers of meat with blood, in which pathogens do not have time to die, are at particular risk.

In this regard, the lymph nodes become inflamed and enlarged several times. They are palpable, which should not normally be, dense to the touch and painful. The process does not end there, the bloodstream carries the Toxoplasma larvae further, throughout all human organs and systems. Often, toxoplasmosis in the absence of adequate treatment is fatal.

You can also get sick with toxoplasmosis after eating unwashed vegetables, fruits, herbs, poorly cooked or poorly fried eggs. The incubation period of the disease lasts from several days to two to three years. Again, everything depends on the state of immunity. In the course of many years of scientific research, it has been proven that about 70% of cases of toxoplasmosis occur due to the use of dirty water and contaminated products.

Slightly less common routes of infection

Infection with toxoplasmosis through the skin

This route is the second most common after the food route. Infection occurs through open wounds or cuts on the surface of the skin.

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Parasitic microbes develop very well in such an environment, and therefore, if you do not carry out the primary treatment of the wound or neglect subsequent dressings, you can become infected with toxoplasmosis.

Blood transfusion or organ donation

This path is rare, but there are recorded cases. If the donor has been infected with this disease, then there is a high probability that the recipient will also develop toxoplasmosis. This disease is transmitted from person to person only in this way.

Transplacental pathway

With this route of transmission of toxoplasmosis, the mother infected with toxoplasmosis and the fetus infected from her are involved. The transplacental mechanism of infection is very dangerous and fraught with serious health problems for the baby, associated with disruptions in the central and peripheral nervous system. Infection can occur regardless of the gestational age, the introduction of Toxoplasma larvae in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy is especially dangerous, when all internal organs and systems are laid, as well as their further development.

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In order for the detection of toxoplasmosis during pregnancy not to become an unpleasant surprise, experts recommend that during the planning of the baby be tested for antibodies to toxoplasmosis. Because it often happens that toxoplasma is present in the mother's body for many years, but does not manifest itself, and during pregnancy, the disease can make itself felt by the effect on the health of the fetus. Infection occurs through the blood.

Infection during earthworks

How can you get toxoplasmosis from a cat? It is very easy, since the most common animal from which people most often get infected is cats. Especially those who eat raw meat, hunt mice and come in contact with other street animals. Infection occurs during cleaning and cleaning of the cat litter box, accidental contact with the pet's feces, after which the hands are not washed thoroughly enough.

Children can become infected in a sandpit in the yard, where a pet infected with toxoplasmosis can walk. Dogs are rarely carriers of this disease, so the main danger comes from cats.

In order to exclude the presence of toxoplasmosis in your cat, you must regularly visit the veterinarian with him. The specialist conducts the necessary research and performs all the necessary procedures to ensure that the animal is safe for the people around it.

Diagnostic methods for detecting toxoplasmosis in humans

As already mentioned, the clinical symptoms of this disease are practically not manifested. Therefore, most often a person goes to be examined on the basis of usual suspicions. What can the doctor reveal during the examination?

  • Enlarged liver and spleen
  • Slight rise in temperature;
  • Swollen lymph nodes.

Required laboratory tests:

  • General blood analysis;
  • General analysis of feces;
  • A blood test for antibodies to toxoplasma;
  • Allergic analysis.

Additional instrumental research methods:

  • Ultrasound of internal organs;
  • X-ray of organs;
  • Electrocardiogram;
  • Encephalography.
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If, on the basis of all these studies, the diagnosis was nevertheless confirmed, then the specialist prescribes further treatment, which must be started immediately. Therapy completely depends on the severity of the disease and the degree of damage to internal organs.

What are the preventive measures

  • First of all, each person needs to donate blood for specific antibodies to toxoplasma. This method will help protect yourself and your household, and also reveal whether there is immunity to toxoplasmosis.
  • Under no circumstances should you eat raw and semi-raw meat or fish, no matter how confident you are in the supplier. During cooking, in no case should you taste raw minced meat and other meat products.
  • Stick to basic hygiene practices. Wash your hands often, preferably with antibacterial soap.
  • If there is an animal in the house, make sure its tray is clean, do not leave feces for a long time, try to remove them immediately. The food tray and bowls should be thoroughly washed with disinfectants at least twice a week. The floor around the tray also needs to be carefully cleaned.
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  • A pregnant pet owner needs to monitor her pet's behavior even more. It is advisable to minimize the cat's walks on the street, often take the cat for examination to the veterinarian, monitor its nutrition and hygiene. Never give raw meat or fish to the animal.
  • On the street, try not to contact with stray animals, do not iron them, try not to touch your clothes.
  • In the garden or vegetable garden, try to work with gloves, after contact with the soil, wash your hands thoroughly.
  • All fruits, vegetables, berries, herbs should be thoroughly washed before use. Any food should be well thermally processed.
  • Get rid of insects indoors. Flies, ants and cockroaches are carriers of Toxoplasma larvae.
  • Milk can only be drunk pasteurized or boiled. In raw and fresh milk, pathogens may be present.
  • Try to get a medical examination at least once a year. A timely detected disease allows you to start timely therapy.

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