Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease

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Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease
Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease
Video: Toxoplasmosis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease
Video: Brote toxoplasmosis 2023, February
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Toxoplasmosis in a dog is a dangerous disease, both for the pet itself and for its owner. Therefore, dog owners should know the symptoms of this ailment, as well as methods of dealing with it. Dogs and humans are intermediate hosts for Toxoplasma gondi. It is interesting that the parasite retains the ability to infect throughout its development path.

Content

  • 1 Ways of infecting a dog
  • 2 Protecting your dog from toxoplasma
  • 3 Symptoms
  • 4 Treatment

Ways of infecting a dog

A pet can become infected with toxoplasma almost everywhere. The main way dogs become infected is when they eat raw meat. Many owners are sure that Toxoplasma will die if you first freeze the meat product in the freezer. However, it is not. In order for all parasites to die, deep freezing is required, carried out at a temperature not higher than -25 degrees, lasting at least 5 days. Therefore, to prevent infection with Toxoplasma, the pet should be subjected to heat treatment of raw meat. It is also prohibited:

  • let the dog lick his palms after cutting the meat;
  • allow your pet to lick off droplets of animal blood;
  • give your pet to gnaw raw bones with rejects of blood and meat on them.

There are other ways to infect dogs with toxoplasmosis.

  1. When eating, sniffing contaminated cat feces.
  2. When drinking from polluted puddles and reservoirs.
  3. When chewing on contaminated grass that previously contained contaminated stool.

Protecting your dog from toxoplasma

To protect yourself and your pet from toxoplasmosis, several rules must be followed.

  1. Walking is required to be done where stray animals do not live.
  2. Do not allow the dog to eat anything from the ground or drink water from puddles.
  3. After a walk, it is required to thoroughly wash the dog's paws to prevent infection after licking them.
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Symptoms

It is possible to determine the pathology in a dog by several symptoms that appear after the defeat of the hematopoietic canine system. Among the characteristic symptoms are:

  • the appearance of slight weakness in the animal;
  • the appearance of a few whitish or transparent discharge from the eyes, nose;
  • loss of appetite;
  • slight redness of the mucous membranes.

A few days later, parasites begin to spread throughout all organs and systems, affecting their cells. Penetrating into the cell, Toxoplasma begins to divide until the cell membrane breaks through. After that, they begin to penetrate into other healthy cells.

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The immune system reacts to such processes in the body by producing antibodies, under their action, some of the parasites die, and the remaining individuals are blocked by the formation of capsules, the walls of which are not destroyed by toxoplasma.

With a weakening of the dog's immunity, toxoplasmosis begins to progress, pronounced signs of the disease appear. In this case, the pet needs treatment. In its absence, toxoplasmosis develops to a severe form, which can be fatal due to extensive damage to internal organs and body systems.

The acute stage of the pathology is characterized by the acquisition of the following symptoms:

  • complete lack of appetite;
  • regular upset stools and vomiting;
  • the appearance of a cough;
  • the development of inflammation of the mucous membranes;
  • the appearance of profuse discharge from the nose, eyes;
  • strong rise in temperature;
  • development of muscle tremors;
  • change in behavior;
  • the appearance of paresis and paralysis.

Often, the symptoms of toxoplasmosis in dogs are similar to those of a viral infection or to the manifestation of chronic liver, spleen or kidney pathologies.

Treatment

Toxoplasmosis cannot be completely cured, therefore, the treatment of this ailment is aimed at converting the acute form of pathology to moderate, eliminating the symptoms. Veterinarians usually prescribe the following medications to treat dogs.

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  1. A complex formed from Chloridine and sulfonamides. Typically, these drugs are prescribed at a dosage of 0.001 grams of Chloridine and 0.2 grams of Sulfadimezin per 1 kilogram of animal body weight. The course of such treatment is usually 10 days. Then you need to take a break of 10 days and repeat the therapy again. Depending on the health condition of the dog, 2-4 repeated courses may be required.
  2. Daraprim and Delagil can also be assigned.
  3. Khimkokcid is prescribed at a dosage of 24 milligrams per kilogram of the dog's body weight. The duration of such treatment is 3 days. Next, for 20-25 days, it is necessary to apply a halved dose.
  4. To increase immunity, it is recommended to give the dog B vitamins, ascorbic acid, folic acid, and also provide the animal with enhanced nutrition.

During treatment, the dog must be isolated from other animals, and its habitat must be disinfected daily for 3 days. For disinfection, the following solutions are required:

  • bleach (5%);
  • chloramine (1.5-2%);
  • formaldehyde (2%);
  • caustic alkali (3%);
  • phenol (5%);
  • lysol (5%).
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To eliminate the risks of infection of the pet, the owner must provide him with preventive measures. To do this, raw feed should be heat treated for half an hour or deep-frozen before feeding.

Also, the owner must monitor the cleanliness of the room in which the dog is kept. To do this, he needs to regularly do wet cleaning, as well as periodically disinfect all items of dog care.

On walks, it is imperative to limit contacts between pets and stray ones, monitor the pet and prevent him from eating contaminated food

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