Helminthiasis In Children: Causes, Treatment And Prevention

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Helminthiasis In Children: Causes, Treatment And Prevention
Helminthiasis In Children: Causes, Treatment And Prevention

Video: Helminthiasis In Children: Causes, Treatment And Prevention

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Video: Worm infection in kids : causes,symptoms,treatment and prevention -Dr Sachin Miraj 2023, February
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Helminthiasis in children: causes, treatment and prevention

Helminthiasis in children often occurs and pose a threat to the health, and sometimes to the life of the child. Parasites enter the body in different ways, causing various symptoms that can be attributed to a number of all kinds of diseases, including the gastrointestinal tract, endocrine system, etc.

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Helminthiasis in children often occurs and pose a threat to the health, and sometimes to the life of the child.

How parasites enter a child's body

The main cause of helminthiasis is poor hygiene. Parasites enter the baby's body through dirty hands, which the child then pulls into his mouth. Infection also occurs in the playground, where there is a lot of sand, where stray animals often defecate. In feces of dogs and cats, in 90% of cases, eggs of worms are present.

Worm infestation develops and spreads when unwashed vegetables, fruits and herbs are consumed. Untreated meat and uncooked fish pose a threat.

Classification of helminthiasis

Classification of pathogens of various types of helminthiasis, which most often occur in children:

  • pinworms;
  • roundworm;
  • whipworms;
  • hookworms;
  • echinococcus;
  • opisthorchis.
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Most often, the child's body is affected by pinworms.

Symptoms of helminthiasis in children

Symptoms that occur with helminthiasis:

  • stomach ache;
  • intestinal irritation;
  • itching in the anus;
  • pectoral muscle tension;
  • dry cough (when larvae migrate through the lungs);
  • indigestion;
  • allergic manifestations;
  • diarrhea;
  • nausea;
  • decrease or, conversely, increase in appetite;
  • pain in the right hypochondrium;
  • sleep disorders.
With helminthiasis, the child is worried about abdominal pain
With helminthiasis, the child is worried about abdominal pain

With helminthiasis, the child is worried about abdominal pain.

Very often, a sick child begins to cough
Very often, a sick child begins to cough

Very often, a sick child begins to cough.

A baby who is infected with helminths may suffer from constipation or diarrhea
A baby who is infected with helminths may suffer from constipation or diarrhea

A baby who is infected with helminths may suffer from constipation or diarrhea.

In some cases, a child with helminthiasis has a loss of appetite
In some cases, a child with helminthiasis has a loss of appetite

In some cases, a child with helminthiasis has a loss of appetite.

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What is the danger of invasion

The parasitic disease is dangerous for children of any age. If helminthiasis is not recognized in time, then the waste products of worms accumulate in the child's body, which lead to intoxication, itching and a decrease in immunity. At the same time, children often get sick, they do not complain of malaise, lack of desire to play.

In this case, the outcome of the disease can be the most sad. The child vomits, severe abdominal pain occurs. In this case, urgent medical attention is required.

The migration of larvae to the lungs can lead to pneumonia, which does not respond to standard treatment.

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Some types of helminths are capable of infecting the liver, laying their eggs in it.

Large parasites often injure the intestines, provoking erosions and ulcers on the mucous membrane.

Worms can block the ducts of the gallbladder, resulting in acute cholecystitis. Some types of helminths are capable of infecting the liver, laying their eggs in it. The result is hepatitis.

In advanced cases, organ necrosis occurs. The worms present in the small intestine interfere with the absorption of nutrients, which leads to vitamin deficiency and a weakening of the immune defense. The child becomes susceptible to any infection.

In rare cases, worms can cause death and perforation of the intestinal walls. Ascariasis and enterobiasis cause severe allergic reactions.

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Ascariasis and enterobiasis cause severe allergic reactions in a child.

What tests can confirm helminthiasis

Diagnosis of helminthiasis consists in a number of studies to identify the type of pathogen. Main methods:

  • Analysis of feces for eggs of worms. A reliable method for detecting larvae and fragments of helminths. However, this method does not in all cases help to make the correct diagnosis, since it is not always possible to determine the presence of worms in feces, because only some of the material is taken for research.
  • A blood test for antibodies. This method allows you to determine helminthiasis by characteristic changes. Antibodies appear in the blood, which the immune system produces in response to the penetration of parasites into the body. The analysis is performed on an empty stomach. Blood is taken from a vein.
  • Scraping from the rectum. It is performed using a special long probe. It is placed in the rectum and the scraping is examined under a microscope.

It is important to consult an infectious disease doctor, who can send for additional studies, such as fluorography, endoscopic examination of the stomach and intestines, ultrasound of the liver and gallbladder. The specialist will be able to make a preliminary diagnosis based on the characteristic complaints of the patient.

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The analysis of feces for eggs of worms is the most reliable method that allows you to detect larvae and fragments of helminths.

How and what to treat

Treatment depends on the phase of helminthiasis and the zone of their migration. Antihelminthic drugs help to target the parasite at any stage of development.

Albendazole-based drugs are common. This substance leads to paralysis of the muscles of the parasite, which contributes to its unhindered evacuation from the intestine. For treatment, drugs are used that can interfere with the absorption of glucose in the gastrointestinal tract of the helminth, which leads to the death of the worm.

How to protect your child from worms

To prevent the occurrence of helminthiasis, it is necessary to accustom the child to the rules of hygiene.

It is imperative that your hands are always clean before eating. Hygiene is necessary not only before eating, but also immediately after coming from the street. It should be explained to the child that you cannot pull your fingers into your mouth, and vegetables and fruits can only be eaten washed.

It is important for parents to boil meat thoroughly to avoid helminthiasis. The same rule applies to fish. If there are animals in the house, it is necessary to give them antihelminthic drugs once every 3 months as a preventive measure.

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