Types Of Intestinal Parasites

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Types Of Intestinal Parasites
Types Of Intestinal Parasites
Video: Types Of Intestinal Parasites
Video: Microbiology of Parasites 2023, February
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Types of intestinal parasites

More than a million cases of helminth infection are registered in Russia every year. Intestinal parasites live in the body for years, reducing the quality of life and impairing health. Many diseases become chronic due to parasites. The appearance of parasitic life in the intestines can be identified by certain signs. It is recommended to carry out not only the treatment of worms, but also regular prophylaxis.

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Intestinal parasites live in the body for years, reducing the quality of life and impairing health.

How does infection occur

Infection usually occurs through contaminated water, food, or dirty hands. But you can get infected not only by eating poor-quality food, but also by interacting with infected family members or pets.

The following factors increase the likelihood of infection:

  • non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene;
  • life in areas affected by parasites;
  • a weakened immune system;
  • close contact with an infected person;
  • HIV or AIDS.

Varieties of intestinal parasites

The presence of helminths in the body can be confused with symptoms of other diseases. It is necessary to pass tests to determine the type of parasite in order to choose the right remedy for getting rid of.

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The pinworm lives in the small and large intestine, and is found in both children and adults.

The main types of parasites in the intestinal tract:

  • Pinworm. This type is one of the most common. Helminth lives in the small and large intestine, it is found in both children and adults. The pinworm goes out through the anus, lays eggs on linen, in the folds of the skin. The larvae mature in five hours and enter the body again through linen, dirty hands, and clothing. The approximate size of a pinworm is 1 cm.
  • Ascaris. Ascaris enters the human body through contaminated water, food. The eggs of the parasite live in the soil for several years. The larvae penetrate the intestinal walls, can enter the blood, lungs, heart. In feces, roundworms are difficult to detect, since they predominate in the small intestine. Parasites of this species live for several years. The approximate size of the roundworm is 20 cm.
  • The tapeworm is wide. It enters the body after eating raw fish, insufficiently salted caviar or crayfish. The approximate size is 10 m in an adult.
  • Toksokara. The carrier is animals, most often dogs. It enters the human body after contact with the ground, where the dog's feces were. The approximate size is 30 cm in an adult.
  • Vlasoglav. The intestinal parasite enters the human body through dirty hands. Parasitizes due to the blood of the intestine and its mucous membrane
  • Bovine tapeworm. Tapeworm can enter the intestines through poorly cooked meat products. An adult reaches 7 meters, the main danger of a bovine tapeworm is the possibility of penetration into the eyes and brain.
  • Giardia. This species often settles in the child's body, getting there through dirty toys and other objects. Giardia multiply very quickly, their number can completely cover the outside of the child's body.
  • Echinococcus and alveococcus. The larvae enter the body through contact with animals, by swallowing soil on dirty vegetables or berries, drinking raw water. From the intestine, the larvae enter the liver, bones, brain.
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The main danger of bovine tapeworm is the possibility of penetration into the eyes and brain.

Signs of intestinal parasites

Intestinal parasites are difficult to calculate by symptoms, often the signs are confused with other diseases. For this reason, helminths can live in the body for a long time. What symptoms can indicate the presence of parasitic life in the intestines?

  • Problems with the gastrointestinal tract. A person may be disturbed by constipation, gas formation, stool disorders, dysbiosis. This situation occurs due to the blockage of the intestine with worms, as a result, the infected person suffers from constipation. Some of the parasites secrete substances that cause gas and bloating in the patient. Due to these substances, the stool becomes watery. These symptoms can last for several years, and the treatment of the gastrointestinal tract will be of low efficiency.
  • Joint and muscle pain. Some helminths migrate through the human body; during such movement, the tissues of the internal organs are injured. The infected person begins to suspect arthritis, as the symptoms are similar to this disease. The muscles in this case are very sore and sore.
  • Allergy. Parasites not only cause inflammation in the intestines, but can also punch through it. After the membrane breaks through, pieces of undigested food enter the blood. The immune system begins an increased production of eosinophils, which provoke allergic reactions. Helminths themselves are also allergens.
  • Grinding of teeth during sleep. Bruxism does not always indicate the presence of worms in the human intestine, but with a combination of symptoms, it can indicate parasites.
  • Nervous strain. Helminths feed on the human body and release toxic substances. Due to constant poisoning, a person feels anxious, tired, irritable, depressed. The patient is in a state of apathy, his memory and attention to detail are reduced.
  • Skin rashes. Due to parasitism, the skin may deteriorate, helminths provoke the appearance of acne, papillomas, urticaria.
  • Violation of food reflexes. A person infected with worms is characterized by a constant feeling of hunger.
  • Immune disorders. Helminths reduce the protective barrier, the immune system deteriorates. Colds and general health are becoming more frequent.
Intestinal parasites can cause constipation
Intestinal parasites can cause constipation

Intestinal parasites can cause constipation.

Some helminths migrate through the human body and provoke pain in muscles and joints
Some helminths migrate through the human body and provoke pain in muscles and joints

Some helminths migrate through the human body and provoke pain in muscles and joints.

Helminths themselves are also allergens. Therefore, people infected with parasites develop allergic reactions on the skin
Helminths themselves are also allergens. Therefore, people infected with parasites develop allergic reactions on the skin

Helminths themselves are also allergens. Therefore, people infected with parasites develop allergic reactions on the skin.

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Diagnosis of parasites

How to determine the presence of helminths in the intestines? Several tests are required to confirm the diagnosis.

The main analysis is the study of feces, the so-called fecal study. It is advisable to donate several stool samples so that the parasite can be detected. The analysis allows you to identify both protozoa and helminths.

Another effective test is the scotch test. The lab technician applies adhesive tape to the anus to then check for the presence or absence of parasites in the person.

Drug treatment

To remove pinworms, ascaris, toxocar, the following drugs are prescribed:

  • carbendacim,
  • piperazine,
  • albendazole,
  • levamisole.

To remove intestinal worms, tapeworms, treat giardiasis, prescribe niclosamide, mepacrine.

Praziquantel is used against various types of intestinal parasites, as it has a wide range of effects.

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The drug Praziquantel is used against various types of intestinal parasites, as it has a wide range of effects.

Medicines for worms are used in several courses. Medicines against helminths destroy only adults, and eggs are not affected. For this reason, drug therapy is repeated after a few weeks.

Treatment should be combined with laxatives or enemas. This combination will speed up the process of cleansing from worms.

Traditional methods

You can combine traditional medicine with folk remedies. The folk medicine cabinet contains proven recipes. Let's consider the most popular ones.

Carrot juice

Carrot juice contains enzymes that allow you to remove parasites from the body. To get the result, you need to drink three glasses of freshly prepared carrot juice per day.

Garlic

With the help of a hot spice, you can not only fight colds, but also remove worms. To do this, you need to eat one to three cloves of garlic per day. The hot product can be exchanged for oil in capsules.

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To overcome worms, you need to eat one to three cloves of garlic per day.

Pumpkin

Pumpkin seeds should be used against helminths. They are crushed in a blender, filled with water. It turns out a mass similar to sour cream. The resulting product is consumed in the morning before meals. After taking the drug, you need to do an enema or drink a laxative. They also use pumpkin seeds for parasites.

Tansy

The plant has proven itself well in the fight against ascaris. From tansy, you can make infusions, as well as solutions for enemas.

Sagebrush

To get rid of helminths, a tincture of wormwood is prepared. For this, a tablespoon of wormwood is poured with alcohol in a volume of one hundred grams. The agent is insisted for 2 weeks, then taken orally three times a day, 18-20 drops. The tool is shown only for an adult. It should be taken with caution if you are prone to alcoholism. Drink the tincture before meals.

Recommended food

When intestinal parasites are found, certain dietary rules must be followed. You need to avoid simple carbohydrates, eat more fruits, juices, dairy products.

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In the diet of a person who wants to get rid of parasites, there should be pomegranates.

The diet should contain raw garlic, beets, carrots and pomegranates.

It is important to observe the drinking regime, a large amount of water allows you to flush the gastrointestinal tract.

A few more recommendations:

  • Fiber foods can help get rid of worms.
  • Taking probiotics once or twice a day can help keep your digestive tract healthy.
  • The use of digestive enzymes makes the intestinal tract an undesirable place to live for worms. For example, an enzyme from the papaya plant helps get rid of worms. It is taken 30 minutes before meals.
  • The inclusion of 20 mg of zinc in the diet will not destroy the immune system.

Prevention of infection with helminths

In order not to face the unpleasant consequences of infection with intestinal parasites, simple precautions should be followed.

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In order not to face the consequences of infection with parasites, you should wash your hands after visiting the street, public places, toilet, before eating.

These include:

  • Compliance with the rules of hygiene. Most human infections occur through unwashed hands. Washing hands is mandatory after visiting the street, public places, toilet, before eating. In addition to clean hands, you need to remember to change your underwear every day and keep your clothes clean.
  • If there are pets in the house, you need to give them anthelmintic drugs, wash the pets after visiting the street.
  • It is important to monitor the quality of the products. You can not eat raw meat, fish. Drinking raw water is contraindicated. Vegetables, fruits, berries must be washed before eating.
  • It is not forbidden to take drugs against worms with regular contact with animals, when traveling to an infected area, nature, fishing, hunting.

Important! If intestinal parasite infestation has been found in one family member, then everyone living in the house must be treated. After the treatment, it is worth washing and ironing all bedding.

Children are at risk, they need to be explained the need to comply with hygiene rules, to monitor their condition.

Today, helminths respond well to treatment, modern drugs can quickly eliminate the presence of worms in the gastrointestinal tract. If you suspect parasites, you need to pass tests, get treatment from a doctor, combining with folk remedies is not prohibited.

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