Table of contents:
- How pinworms can be transmitted
- Spreading eggs
- How can you get pinworms
- Symptoms of the disease
- Prevention of enterobiasis
Video: How Pinworms Can Be Transmitted
How pinworms can be transmitted
Enterobiasis is a disease caused by pinworms - helminths, which, after entering the human body, live in the digestive tract, feeding on the contents of the intestines. The mucous membrane creates a favorable environment for the development of worms. It is necessary to know the symptoms of this pathology and the ways of infection with pinworms in order to prevent the appearance of these parasites in children and adults.
Enterobiasis is a disease caused by pinworms - helminths, which, after entering the human body, live in the digestive tract, feeding on the contents of the intestines.
Pinworms got their name from their ability to cause acute irritation of the anus during the period when female helminths crawl out of the anus to lay eggs. This happens at night.
Acute itching provokes scratching of the skin, as a result of which pinworm eggs fall under the nails.
If a person does not follow simple hygiene rules, the main among which is frequent hand washing, then he brings parasites into the oral cavity.
If a person does not follow simple hygiene rules, the main one of which is frequent hand washing, then he brings parasites into the mouth, from where they enter the intestines and begin to develop into adults, poisoning the body with the products of their vital activity.
How can you get pinworms
An adult can become infected in the following ways:
- Through clothes, bedding, after contact with common items, which got eggs from the patient.
- From person to person through a handshake.
- In the pool, because despite the chlorination of water, enterobiasis is transmitted in this place most often.
Worms in a child may appear in the following cases:
- Self-infection as a result of falling eggs from under the nails into the mouth.
- Contact and household route (through shared bedding, bath accessories, toys in kindergarten, when eggs from a sick child fell on surrounding objects, after contact with a sick person).
- Food route. Pinworms can enter a child's body with dirty fruits and vegetables, through foods that an adult infected with enterobiasis was holding in his hands.
- From animals (dogs and cats).
The main cause of enterobiasis is dirty hands.
If a child is accustomed from an early age to follow simple rules of personal hygiene, pinworm infection will not occur, since the main cause of enterobiasis is dirty hands.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms appear 12-14 days after infection. During this time, the pinworm develops from an egg to a sexually mature individual. The symptoms of infection are as follows:
- Severe itching in the anus at night.
- A person loses his appetite, he is worried about nausea, dry mouth.
- The stomach hurts, diarrhea with mucus may appear.
- Headaches and dizziness torment.
- Sleep is lost, memory deteriorates, children have convulsions.
- Women develop severe vulvovaginitis due to pinworms entering the genitals.
Stomach pain can be one of the symptoms of pinworm infection.
Prevention of enterobiasis
As a preventive measure, the following measures must be taken:
- teach children from an early age to wash their hands after going to the toilet and before eating;
- often change linen, iron it with an iron;
- do not eat dirty vegetables and fruits;
- enrich the diet with foods that help increase immunity and cleanse the body;
- annually undergo preventive examinations, take tests to identify worm eggs.
To prevent pinworms, do not eat dirty fruits.
Enrich the diet with foods that enhance immunity and cleanse the body of pinworms.
Annually undergo preventive examinations, take tests to identify worm eggs.
Any measures for the prevention and detection of helminths should be carried out under the supervision of a physician.