Table of contents:
- What is Trichomoniasis
- How an infection enters the body
- Treatment methods
- Prevention of trichomoniasis
Video: Trichomoniasis In Women: Symptoms And First Signs, How To Treat
Trichomoniasis in women and men has long been among the leaders in diseases of the genitourinary system, and its "popularity" among sexually transmitted diseases is growing day by day. Such sad statistics indicate that women should fear trichomoniasis more than gonorrhea or syphilis, since the disease affects their genitals much more often.
- 1 What is trichomoniasis
- 2 How the infection enters the body
- 3.1 Characteristics of discharge, pain and other symptoms
- 3.2 Relationship between the course of the disease and the general condition
- 4 Diagnostics
5 Treatment options
- 5.1 Frequently prescribed drugs
- 5.2 Restrictions for women in position
- 6 Prevention of trichomoniasis
Let us consider in more detail the causes, symptoms of trichomoniasis and the treatment of pathology.
What is Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis is spread by a microorganism, and the simplest. It is also called easily: Trichomonas vaginalis. Because of this baby, the urogenital tract of a woman is exposed to inflammation. Usually, the parasite especially strongly affects the most tender place - the vaginal mucosa.
The saddest thing is that immunity to this unpleasant disease is not developed, that is, even after a complete cure, it will be possible to catch it again.
How an infection enters the body
The majority of cases of infection and the causes of trichomoniasis in women are quite predictable - this is the sexual route during unprotected sexual intercourse. However, girls can also become infected through everyday use by using a sponge, washcloth, or other hygiene items for an adult with trichomoniasis. The contact of these things with the genitals is especially dangerous - the probability of infection is a full 100%.
Domestic infection is possible due to the peculiarities of the vaginal Trichomonas, which is active after an hour or even two, so getting into the body is not a problem for her. However, it is important that the microorganism does not tolerate exposure to ultraviolet radiation - open air kills Trichomonas almost immediately.
The fetus of an infected mother can be infected, and girls are at particular risk here. Due to the peculiarities of the structure of the genital organs, they receive an infection from the mother, which is transmitted not in the womb, but during childbirth
Trichomoniasis in women can manifest itself not only in the urethra, vagina and cervical canal, but even in the glands of the vestibule. If the infection enters the uterine cavity (which, fortunately, is quite rare), then the consequences are dire. The disease causes such ascending genitourinary infections such as pyelonephritis and cystitis.
Due to damage to the mucous membrane of the genital organs in trichomoniasis, the risk of getting HIV increases significantly
Additional risk factors for a woman are sexually transmitted diseases, especially recently transferred ones, refusal of condoms, promiscuous sex with unverified partners, or casual sexual contact in an unhygienic room.
How does the disease manifest itself? The manifestation of the first symptoms of trichomoniasis in women is very unpleasant, the signs cause tangible discomfort and make you go through many unpleasant minutes. From the moment of infection to the first manifestation, it usually takes 5 to 14 days.
How trichomoniasis manifests itself largely depends on the place of its localization. Usually these are inflammatory processes of the vagina itself and that part of the cervix that is located in it. If urogenital trichomoniasis proceeds with complications, then it is accompanied by symptoms of diseases such as endometritis, endocervicitis and paraurethritis.
Characteristics of discharge, pain and other symptoms
The first signs of trichomoniasis in women, like in many STDs, are uncharacteristic vaginal discharge.
Patients often suffering from this disease complain of pain during sexual intercourse and even with the usual emptying of the bladder. All this can be accompanied by pain in the pelvic area. In women, vaginitis symptoms usually appear and predominate.
So, the main and first symptoms of trichomoniasis are as follows:
- yellowish vaginal discharge, often (but not always) foul-smelling;
- burning and itching in the genitals;
- unpleasant to painful sensations during sexual intercourse, urination.
The last in the list of main symptoms is hyperemia of the vaginal mucosa, accompanied by bleeding and purulent discharge due to trichomoniasis.
The relationship between the course of the disease and the general condition
It is worth noting an important point: the manifestation of symptoms of trichomoniasis in women is in direct proportion to the patient's state of health. If the immune system is greatly reduced, and there are other inflammations in the body, the disease will show itself earlier and more clearly.
Usually trichomoniasis does not do without its faithful companions. These are fungi, ureaplasma and mycoplasma, gardnerella, gonococcus and chlamydia. This is not only unpleasant in itself, but also complicates the diagnosis.
An examination can only be made by methods that allow Trichomonas to be detected.
Let's highlight the following:
- studies of the drug under a microscope;
- molecular biological research methods - PCR and NASB.
Any of these methods examines the same material - vaginal discharge.
The doctor conducts an examination, identifying and assessing the symptoms of the disease, then focuses on the results of the analysis. They must be confirmed using PCR diagnostics. This method is modern and places very high demands on laboratory equipment.
The results of such a diagnosis are deciphered by the very doctor who leads the patient who passed the analysis. In this case, it is worth remembering the possibility of obtaining a false positive result. An additional factor can confirm the presence of the disease - an increase in the amount of alkali in the vaginal secretion, which in a healthy state is characterized by a predominantly acidic environment.
Altered indicators of vaginal microflora, such as the disappearance of beneficial lactic acid bacteria and a decrease in the number of bifidobacteria, can lubricate the symptoms and worsen the possibilities for making a diagnosis, while the number of harmful microorganisms increases significantly.
The success of trichomoniasis treatment depends on three factors:
- the appointment of special drugs.
It is very important not to give up the process halfway through, otherwise the disease will become chronic and hide in order to manifest itself in a few years.
Frequently prescribed drugs
Most antibiotics against Trichomonas do not work: this is due to its non-bacterial nature. That is why it is so important to get rid of the microorganism with the help of special preparations, the main active ingredient of which is metronidazole.
How to treat trichomoniasis? Most often with the following drugs: "Trichopolom", "Aquametro", "Metrogyl", "Efloran", "Klion" and "Medazol". This is only a basic list of medicines, the doctor may prescribe other medicines.
A woman should remember that she probably infected her sexual partner as well, so the treatment should be mutual. In this case, sex life will have to be excluded without fail, even in the case of latent trichomoniasis. The consolation is that the standard course of treatment takes a little time - from a week to ten days.
But this is in the case of a common disease, while the chronic form requires longer treatment with the use of antimicrobial drugs. If a woman has recurrent recurrences of trichomoniasis, doctors resort to a drug such as Solkotrichovak.
This is a serious condition that requires careful diagnosis. In no case should you self-medicate! Any of the above drugs should be prescribed by a venereologist
Especially this requirement must be observed if the treatment is necessary for the fair sex in an interesting position.
Restrictions for women in position
Pregnancy imposes a number of restrictions, which only a specialist can observe and at the same time make the process effective. The situation is complicated by the fact that trichomoniasis can cause premature birth and infection of the fetus due to the ability to break the membranes.
Prevention of trichomoniasis
The surest way to prevent trichomoniasis is safe sex. Even if you have full confidence in your partner, it is best to always use a condom.
The easiest and most reliable way is a regular partner and regular examinations, including appropriate tests.
Strong immunity is protection against most diseases, or at least a guarantee that the disease will be easier, so a healthy lifestyle and sports are the right choice!
Maintaining personal intimate hygiene is an important part of the preventive process. Knowing what are the symptoms of trichomoniasis in women, you will resort to treatment in a timely manner.