Signs Of Lamblia In The Liver

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Signs Of Lamblia In The Liver
Signs Of Lamblia In The Liver

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Signs of lamblia in the liver

Giardia in the liver infects it, resulting in a disease called giardiasis. It is very difficult to identify this disease, because its symptoms are similar to other ailments that occur in the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, you should consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis when the initial symptoms of giardiasis are found.

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Giardia in the liver are parasites that cause liver infections.

Giardiasis symptoms

The appearance of lamblia in the liver may be asymptomatic, initially without causing discomfort in the infected person. The following symptoms may indicate the possible development of giardiasis:

  • nausea and lack of appetite;
  • the appearance of a white coating on the tongue;
  • general physical weakness;
  • pain in the abdominal area;
  • rumbling in the stomach, flatulence;
  • the appearance of itching, nettle fever;
  • a significant increase in the size of the liver.

Most often, lamblia in the liver is manifested by the occurrence of pain in the umbilical region and at the level of the right hypochondrium. At the same time, a person develops a feeling of fullness in the stomach - heaviness and discomfort.

Outwardly, the symptoms of giardiasis can be expressed by a noticeable swelling of the abdominal cavity and the appearance of pallor of the skin - often pallor on the face is noticeable in the photo of patients.

Loss of appetite indicates the possible development of giardiasis
Loss of appetite indicates the possible development of giardiasis

Loss of appetite indicates the possible development of giardiasis.

The patient develops general physical weakness
The patient develops general physical weakness

The patient develops general physical weakness.

Itching may appear on the body with giardiasis
Itching may appear on the body with giardiasis

Itching may appear on the body with giardiasis.

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Giardiasis can occur in two forms: acute and chronic.

The acute form is characterized by the appearance of frequent fatigue and excessive irritability. A person's sleep is disturbed, insomnia appears, and against its background - frequent headaches and dizziness.

The chronic form of giardiasis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Changes in the skin: the skin of the face becomes very pale, and the feet and palms acquire a brick-reddish tint.
  • Dry skin, sometimes - the appearance of cracks near the mouth, skin rashes.
  • The occurrence of regular pain in the hypochondrium, aggravated after eating fatty foods.
  • The appearance of a yellowish coating on the tongue.

It is not necessary that all these signs will appear at the same time, but any of them may indicate that Giardia has begun its destructive effect in the liver, so it is necessary to get tested as soon as possible and visit a doctor.

Manifestations in adults

In addition to the main signs of giardiasis, in adults, symptoms can be supplemented by disorders in the work of the central nervous and cardiovascular systems.

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In addition to the main signs of giardiasis, in adults, symptoms can be supplemented by disorders in the work of the cardiovascular system.

Along with manifestations of fatigue and deterioration in general well-being, arrhythmia and disturbances in the work of the heart muscle can develop in adults. This condition often leads to sudden dizziness and even fainting.

Due to a disorder of the nervous system in adults, the following symptoms may appear: nervous tics and various dyskenisias, accompanied by involuntary movements in different muscle groups.

Symptoms of the appearance of giardiasis in adults may be similar to those of cholecystitis, pancreatitis or hepatitis. lamblia in the liver can provoke the development of these diseases. In adults, jaundice of the skin and eyeball may occur. Giardia in the liver can cause insufficient bile production.

Manifestations in children

In adolescents and children, the symptoms of giardiasis are more pronounced:

  • lack of appetite;
  • frequent stools (in the form of a liquid gruel);
  • prostration;
  • the appearance of causeless anxiety and irritability;
  • the appearance of defects in the lip area: red border on the lips, peeling, the appearance of cracks in the corners of the lips.

Giardia in the liver can affect the condition of the hairline - hair loss and discoloration, fragility and thinning.

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Giardia can enter the baby's body with the milk of a mother infected with parasites.

Small and newborn children are most often infected with giardiasis by parents or older children in the family. Moreover, lamblia can enter the baby's body with the milk of a mother infected with parasites.

Young children are characterized by the following symptoms of finding lamblia in the liver:

  • the appearance of diarrhea, accompanied by a slight fever;
  • nausea and impaired appetite;
  • watery and foamy stools (up to 8-10 times a day), gradually the stool becomes fetid and greasy in consistency;
  • increased gassing
  • the occurrence of pain in the tummy, colic;
  • bloating.

In adolescents, the symptoms of giardiasis are similar to those of adults, but additional signs may appear:

  • disturbances in the vestibular apparatus (the child begins to be rocked in transport).
  • distraction and developmental delay.
  • the occurrence of dizziness (changes in pressure are possible).
  • severe abdominal pains, which are of a periodic nature (in the acute form of the disease).
  • frequent upset stools or vomiting.
  • deterioration of the skin condition (skin irritations and diseases develop).
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In adolescents with giardiasis, severe abdominal pains appear.

Giardia in the liver do not immediately manifest themselves, therefore all of the listed signs are conditional - to establish an accurate diagnosis, laboratory and clinical studies should be performed.

Treatment

Treatment of giardiasis is carried out with the appointment of special drugs that help remove parasites from the liver.

In chronic forms of the disease, the appointment of a series of medicines can lead to complications and exacerbation of the disease, therefore, treatment is carried out in 3 stages:

  1. Initially, the patient's immunity should be increased and the enzymatic activity of the intestine should be stabilized. For this, a diet is prescribed that prevents the reproduction of parasites: dried fruits, vegetables, vegetable oil, cereals (while the intake of carbohydrates should be limited). Treatment is carried out on the basis of taking choleretic and enzyme preparations. Perhaps the appointment of antihistamines and enterosorbents (in terms of disease). Usually the first stage takes 1-2 weeks.
  2. Treatment is based on taking drugs that have a detrimental effect on lamblia. At the same time, the intake of drugs aimed at suppressing the development of the disease and prescribed at the first stage does not stop.
  3. Treatment is aimed at improving immunity, as well as creating conditions that prevent the reproduction of parasites. At this stage, the treatment includes a special diet that can improve the functioning of the intestines (cereals, vegetable and fruit purees, fermented milk products, etc.). To increase the defenses, it is recommended to take vitamin and mineral complexes, and to improve the work of the intestines, take prebiotics and probiotics. Stage 3 treatment can last up to three weeks.

Treatment of giardiasis can often be accompanied by acute side effects: allergic manifestations, abdominal pain, poisoning, and nervous system disorders. Therefore, in order for the treatment to take place as gently and efficiently as possible, a number of examinations should first be carried out in order to confirm the diagnosis and identify the forms and stages of the disease.

Prevention

Giardia in the liver most often penetrate there due to non-observance of basic rules of personal hygiene: through contaminated water, unwashed vegetables or fruits, through personal hygiene items.

Therefore, in order to prevent the onset and formation of giardiasis, you should thoroughly wash your hands before meals and after visiting public places, do not drink raw water and do not swallow it from contaminated water bodies, and rinse food consumed.

Giardia in the liver can cause the development of a number of other serious diseases, therefore, if the first manifestations of parasites are detected, a thorough medical diagnosis should be passed.

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