Medicines For Ascariasis

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Medicines For Ascariasis
Medicines For Ascariasis
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Medicines for ascariasis

The most effective remedies for ascariasis in humans are traditional medicines. They are easy to use and safe when dosed correctly, and a course can last as little as one day.

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The most effective remedies for ascariasis in humans are traditional medicines.

Indications, contraindications, application features

In the human body, up to 70 types of helminths parasitize. There are no medicines that act against all types of parasites. As a rule, tablets expel only a few types of helminths, and for the rest they are harmless. At the same time, anthelmintics are quite toxic. Therefore, the doctor selects the agent and dosage based on the results of laboratory tests and depending on the patient's body weight. Especially carefully used funds in the treatment of children.

The products are available in the form of regular and chewable tablets, as well as in liquid forms, which are used mainly in childhood.

Contraindications

Tablets for ascaris, as well as pinworms, as well as other parasites, are not prescribed for the following conditions of the body:

  • acute intestinal infections;
  • infection with infections, viruses.
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Parasite pills are not prescribed for infection with viruses.

General recommendations for use

As a rule, tablets do not affect eggs, larvae in the human body, but only adults are killed. Therefore, it is recommended to take the medicine twice with an interval of two weeks. During this time, adults will hatch from the larvae.

Piperazine is one of the few drugs that is approved for use during this period, as well as during lactation.

It is advisable not to combine the drugs, since an unexpected increase in the content of active substances in the human body or a decrease in the action is possible, which affects the course of treatment.

People with diabetes should be especially careful because anthelmintics can reduce the effect of insulin.

Treatment at different ages

For children and adults, they use the same medicines against worms, but in different doses.

The tablets do not affect eggs, larvae in the human body, and only adults kill
The tablets do not affect eggs, larvae in the human body, and only adults kill

The tablets do not affect eggs, larvae in the human body, and only adults kill.

Piperazine is one of the few drugs that is approved for use in lactation
Piperazine is one of the few drugs that is approved for use in lactation

Piperazine is one of the few medications approved for use in lactation.

People with diabetes should be especially careful because anthelmintics can reduce the effect of insulin
People with diabetes should be especially careful because anthelmintics can reduce the effect of insulin

People with diabetes should be especially careful because anthelmintics can reduce the effect of insulin.

For children, more convenient dosage forms are produced - chewable tablets, with a fruity taste and aroma, bright color
For children, more convenient dosage forms are produced - chewable tablets, with a fruity taste and aroma, bright color

For children, more convenient dosage forms are produced - chewable tablets, with a fruity taste and aroma, and a bright color.

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Also, for children, more convenient dosage forms are produced - chewable tablets, with a fruity taste and aroma, and a bright color.

The action of anthelmintic drugs

As a rule, drugs for ascariasis and pinworms, entering the human body, and then worms, cause paralysis of the muscular system. Thanks to this, purification occurs.

Further - a list of traditional medicine, which is used for helminth infections.

Pirantel

The remedy is effective for ascariasis, pinworms. The active ingredient pyrantel removes sexually mature and immature worms, but is powerless against larvae in the migration stage.

Pirantel is produced in two forms:

  • tablets (250 mg);
  • suspension (in 5 ml - 250 mg of active ingredient).
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Pirantel is produced in two forms: tablets and suspensions.

Pirantel is approved for use from six months. The doctor prescribes the dose based on the person's age and body weight.

Age Dosage Tablets, pcs. Suspension, measuring spoon (5 ml) 6 months - 2 years 0.5 0.5 2-6 years old 1 1 6-12 years old 2 2 Over 12 years old, weight up to 75 kg 3 3 Weight from 75 kg 4 4

Against ascariasis and pinworms, Pirantel is taken once - 10 mg per 1 kg of weight, the minimum allowable dose is 5 mg / kg.

Pirantel can be prescribed during pregnancy, but only if the benefit to the mother is higher than the threat to the fetus. Studies that would show a reliable result have not been conducted in this area.

Pirantel is not prescribed for hypersensitivity of the patient's body to it.

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Pirantel can cause an increase in body temperature.

Despite the fact that Pirantel is approved for use from six months, it is recommended to be careful when prescribing it to children under two years of age. Pirantel causes side effects - headache, dizziness, sleep disturbances, weakness, skin rash, fever.

This must be taken into account, and when such symptoms appear, refuse to drive a car, other equipment, or perform work that requires a high degree of concentration.

Piperazine adipate

The active ingredient of the drug is piperazine adipate. Available in the form of tablets, 5% solution. The severity of deworming with a single dose is up to 95%, with a repeated course - up to 100%.

Piperazine is prescribed for the treatment of adults and children with ascariasis and pinworm infestations. Contraindication to the appointment is hypersensitivity to the active substance, organic changes in the parts of the central nervous system, renal failure in the chronic course.

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Piperazine adipate is not recommended for patients with renal failure.

The doctor chooses one of two therapy regimens.

The remedy is prescribed twice a day, two days in a row. Recommended dosage: for adults - 1.5–2 g at a time (3-4 g per day). The dosage for children is shown in the table.

Children age, years Single dose / daily dose (g) Up to 1 0.2 / 0.4 2-3 0.3 / 0.6 4-5 0.5 / 1.0 6-8 0.75 / 1.5 9-12 1.0 / 2.0 13-15 1.5 / 3.0

Also, a solution (5%) is used to treat children.

Tablets are given once - 0.4-4 g (depending on the age of the person) or divide the indicated dose into 2 doses.

The drug is taken on an empty stomach - before or after meals at intervals of one hour, in the morning and in the evening. Special preparation of a person for treatment is not required.

When treated with Piperazine, undesirable reactions develop - nausea, pain in the abdomen, headache. In chronic kidney disease, impaired coordination of movement, visual function, muscle weakness, tremors, hallucinations, and euphoria occur.

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During treatment with Piperazine, if you feel unwell, you should stop driving.

Therefore, it is important to be careful, and if you feel unwell, give up driving and performing complex work, which requires concentration and clear coordination.

Vermox

The active ingredient of the drug is mebendazole. Available in 100 mg tablets. Vermox is used against ascariasis in humans, including children, but more for expelling pinworms.

Vermox can be used to treat pregnant women, but only if the benefits to expectant mothers are higher than the risk to the baby in the womb. For the period of therapy, breastfeeding is stopped.

It is used with caution in case of a tendency to allergic reactions, since angioedema and skin rash are possible. Manufacturers also report other side effects - abdominal pain, with prolonged use (rarely) - abnormalities in the liver, hepatitis, but these disorders are reversible.

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Vermox is used against ascariasis in humans, including children, but more for expelling pinworms.

Nemozole

The active ingredient is albendazole. Presented in tablets and in liquid form (suspension). For ascaris and pinworms, 1 tablet is prescribed orally during meals, or 400 mg of a suspension at a time.

So, a contraindication, in addition to hypersensitivity to the components and derivatives of benzimidazole, are lesions of the eye retina, pregnancy, lactation.

Before starting a course of therapy for ascariasis and pinworms, pregnancy is excluded, and contraceptives are prescribed for women of childbearing age. When using Nemozole, monitoring of liver function, blood cell composition is required. If leukopenia occurs, treatment is stopped.

Diethylcarbamazine

The agent is prescribed for the treatment of extraintestinal forms of ascariasis. The active ingredient is diethylcarbamazine citrate, a piperazine derivative. Acts against adults and larval forms.

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Diethylcarbamazine may cause an undesirable cough reaction.

Contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity of the body to it, onchocerciasis with eye damage. Diethylcarbamazine can cause undesirable reactions in the form of cough, itching, and rash. May also cause liver dysfunction.

Administered orally at the rate of 2 mg per 1 kg of body weight, but not more than 400 mg per day. The frequency of admission is 3 times a day, the course is 10 days. The duration of the treatment cycle is 3-5 courses, the break in treatment is 10-12 days.

If the side effects are pronounced, the anthelmintic is canceled, antiallergenic therapy is performed.

During the course of treatment with Diethylcarbamazine, the state of the body is monitored, a biochemical blood test is performed, and if the organs of vision are damaged by parasites, they are monitored by an ophthalmologist.

As mentioned above, drugs for helminthic invasions are toxic if the doses are not followed. Therefore, the treatment is selected by the doctor. If the dose is mistakenly exceeded, you should seek medical attention.

Medicines are stored in places where children cannot reach, in their original packaging to eliminate the risk of drug poisoning.

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