Table of contents:
- What worms live in the liver?
- What types of helminths live in the liver
- How does infection occur
- Diagnosis of the disease
- How to withdraw
- Prevention measures
Video: What Worms Live In The Liver?
What worms live in the liver?
Most often, helminths live in the human intestine, but this is far from the only area of the body where parasites can appear. Often, worms affect the liver, which is fraught with major health problems.
Often, worms affect the liver, which is fraught with major health problems.
What types of helminths live in the liver
The following types of parasites can live in the liver:
- schistosomes (hepatic flukes);
- hepatic flukes;
These types of worms are most often found in the liver, but theoretically, any other types of parasitic organisms can enter this organ, since almost all worms have the ability to migrate in the human body. For example, pinworm eggs are often found in the liver tissues, falling into this area along with the blood stream.
Opisthorchis can live in the liver.
How does infection occur
The most common cause of the development of hepatic helminthiasis is neglect of personal hygiene measures. A person can also become infected with worms by consuming infected food or water. This happens especially often when eating fish that has undergone insufficient heat treatment. The source of parasitic invasion can be meat, and dirty fruits, vegetables, herbs.
Some types of worms can be contracted through contact with an infected person, pets, and insect bites.
A person can become infected with worms when eating fish that has not been sufficiently heat treated.
Some types of worms can be contracted by contact with an infected person.
Meat can also be a source of parasitic infestation.
The most common cause of the development of hepatic helminthiasis is neglect of personal hygiene measures.
Poorly washed fruits can be a source of parasitic infestation.
Symptoms are determined by the type of parasite.
The manifestations of parasitic diseases largely depend on what kind of helminths the liver is affected by. The following symptoms are common to all types of helminthic invasions:
- persistent low-grade body temperature;
- the appearance of pain in the abdomen and right hypochondrium;
- enlarged liver;
- nausea, vomiting;
- weight loss;
- skin rashes;
- fatigue, headaches;
- yellowness of the skin and mucous membranes;
- digestive disorders (diarrhea, constipation).
Yellowness of the sclera is the main symptom of helminth infection.
Weight loss is observed with helminthiasis.
Skin rashes are observed with helminthic invasion.
Headaches are common with helminthiasis.
Sign of helminthiasis digestive disorders (diarrhea, constipation).
The appearance of pain in the abdomen with helminthiasis is a frequent occurrence.
Nausea and vomiting are a sure sign of a parasite infection.
For some varieties of parasitic infections, specific symptoms are characteristic. Echinococcus tapeworms contribute to the development of cysts and suppurations in the liver tissues. Schistosomes cause blood to appear in urine and stool.
Symptoms of damage to the liver tissue by parasites in childhood differ little from the symptoms of the disease in adults. Children infected with worms constantly suffer from digestive problems, quickly lose weight, become weak, lethargic, absent-minded, and may lag behind in physical development from their peers. Irritability, moodiness appears, sleep and appetite worsen. A child suffering from hepatic helminthiasis quickly develops anemia and a lack of vitamins.
Children infected with worms constantly suffer from problems with rashes on the skin, digestion, quickly lose weight, etc.
Especially often in children there are rashes on the face and body, accompanied by itching and peeling of the skin. They are associated with an allergic reaction to the waste products of helminths. Another characteristic symptom of infestation is teeth grinding at night.
Diagnosis of the disease
If you suspect the presence of parasites in the liver, the following types of laboratory diagnostics are used:
- analysis of feces for eggs of worms;
- general urine and blood tests;
- blood test for antibodies to pathogens.
Donating blood is required for the diagnosis of helminthiasis.
If you suspect the presence of parasites in the liver, an ultrasound scan is prescribed.
The doctor prescribes a urinalysis if a helminthic invasion is suspected.
To assess the condition of the digestive organ and detect parasitic foci, methods such as duodenal intubation, endoscopy, ultrasound, computed tomography and radiography are used.
How to withdraw
Treatment can be done in several ways.
When helminths are detected in the liver, it is required to take antiparasitic drugs based on albendazole, pyrantel, praziquantel, mebendazole, piperazine adipate and other medicinal substances with a wide spectrum of action. For hepatic helminthiasis, Dekaris, Vermox, Pirantel, Vormil, Ornidazole, Nemozol are used.
To cleanse the human body of toxins and toxins produced by helminths, sorbents are prescribed - Enterosgel, Smecta, Polyphepan, Polysorb. To relieve the symptoms of an allergic reaction, antihistamines are used - Tavegil, Suprastin, Zodak, Fenistil.
After the end of treatment, to eliminate the deficiency of nutrients, strengthen the immune system and prevent the recurrence of helminthic invasion, it is recommended to take multivitamin supplements (Vitrum, Complivit, Supradin and others) within 1 month. To normalize the digestive tract, you can drink probiotics - Linex, Acipol, Bactistatin, Normoflorin.
It is recommended to take multivitamin supplements, such as Complivit, within 1 month.
When helminths are found in the liver, it is required to take antiparasitic drugs based on pyrantel.
For hepatic helminthiasis, Nemozol is used.
To normalize the digestive tract, you can drink Linex.
To cleanse the human body from toxins and toxins produced by helminths, sorbents are prescribed - activated carbon, polysorb.
Suprastin is used to relieve symptoms of an allergic reaction.
The following folk remedies will help get rid of parasites in the liver:
- Prepare gruel from 5-6 fresh cloves of garlic, add 1 glass of milk, boil and cook for 10-15 minutes over moderate heat. Then cover the mass with a lid, cool, strain and take 1 tbsp. l. 3-4 times a day. The course of treatment is 7 days.
- Grind 300 g of fresh pumpkin seeds in a mortar, gradually adding water (total liquid volume - 50 ml). Eat the prepared product within an hour, divided into several portions, and take a laxative. If necessary, taking the medicine can be repeated after a week. When treating helminthiasis in children over 10 years old, the number of seeds should be halved, for those under 10 years old, it is enough to give 50-100 g of grains.
- Grind dried tansy flowers, wormwood and celandine herb into powder, take 1 tbsp. l. of each component, mix and take 1 tsp. dry collection in the morning and evening on an empty stomach, washed down with boiled water. This recipe is only suitable for the treatment of helminthic infestation in adults.
Alternative medicine methods should be used in the treatment of hepatic helminthiasis with great care so as not to cause the development of complications and side effects. Before starting treatment, you should consult your doctor.
Folk remedies in the form of tinctures and tea will help get rid of parasites in the liver.
Experts strongly advise using folk remedies only as an adjunct to drug therapy.
The main way to protect yourself from hepatic worms is to observe the rules of personal hygiene. Hands should be washed every time after using the toilet, outdoors and any public places, as well as after handling soil and contact with animals.
Fruits and vegetables must be thoroughly cleaned in running water, and meat and fish must be subjected to prolonged heat treatment. Water taken from a water supply system or natural sources must be boiled before use.