Human Sarcocystosis: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of The Disease

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Human Sarcocystosis: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of The Disease
Human Sarcocystosis: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of The Disease

Video: Human Sarcocystosis: Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of The Disease

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Human sarcocystosis is a parasitic disease caused by representatives of the genus Sarcocystis. Often, their presence in the body goes unnoticed due to the fact that they can be asymptomatic.

Content

  • 1 Methods of infection
  • 2 Symptoms
  • 3 Diagnostics
  • 4 Treatment
  • 5 Prevention of disease

Protists are those organisms that cannot be attributed to either the animal kingdom, or the mushroom kingdom, or the plant kingdom. This is a separate huge group, which includes all other nuclear organisms. As a rule, these are unicellular organisms capable of forming colonies, but do not be mistaken about this. In the diversity of nature, there are also multicellular individuals.

There are two stages of development of sarcocysts:

  • The first stage is asexual. It proceeds in the organism of the intermediate host. The sporocyst enters the bloodstream, due to which it spreads throughout the body and penetrates into the tissues where sarcocysts are created;
  • The second stage is sexual. It proceeds in the body of the main host. The sarcocyst enters the intestine, where, under the influence of digestive juices, the membrane dissolves and the bradyzoites end up in the cavity. There, a special vacuole appears around them. Gametes appear, fertilization occurs, and then a period of sporulation.

Sarcocysts are distinguished by a special reaction to bad conditions, as a result of which a protective membrane is formed. Other organisms also fall into this temporary form.

It is extremely resistant to environmental influences. The parasite can remain in this state for years until conditions change to more favorable ones that do not pose a threat to its vital activity.

Infection methods

More often than not, the person becomes the main host. In more rare cases, intermediate. As a rule, pets are the main carriers. Rodents, herbivores and many others become temporary hosts.

The intestinal tract occurs when eating infected meat that has not been properly processed. Mechanical processing of meat involves thawing, washing, drying, cutting, deboning. If it is produced incorrectly or not completely, then the parasite may well enter the body along with this very meat. After this, the sarcocyst begins to parasitize in the tissues of the gastrointestinal tract.

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Muscular is less common. Scientists have not yet fully investigated this process.

Here the role of man is twofold: he can become a temporary carrier or a permanent one. The first case is characterized by intestinal sarcocystosis, the second - muscular.

Symptoms

There are certain symptoms that suggest sarcocystosis in humans. In such cases, you should immediately seek the help of a doctor. The first signs are detected already several hours after the infected product has entered the body. These include:

  • diarrhea,
  • lethargy
  • weakness,
  • nausea,
  • rash.

Much worse if there is muscle infection. The person becomes the ultimate host of the parasite. This type can be determined by the characteristic ulcers in the lips, gums, palate. Other signs are observed:

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  • swollen lymph nodes
  • hemorrhage inside,
  • macrocysts visible in the muscles,
  • weight loss as a result of decreased appetite.
  • an increased temperature may also indicate the presence of a parasite.

Diagnostics

To identify intestinal sarcocystosis, fecal matter is examined for the presence of the parasite. To find out whether a person is his master, it is enough to pass an analysis for helminths.

If muscle sarcocystosis is suspected, a muscle biopsy of possible infected areas is necessary. Then a histological method is used and the samples obtained are examined under a microscope. Both tissues and smears are taken for analysis. Special research methods are used if the patient dies.

Treatment

Perhaps, both the use of medicines and folk remedies.

IMPORTANT: With the intestinal form, there is no need for treatment, since after some time the sarcocyst leaves the human body

Treatment may be needed at the very first stage, during which symptoms appear clearly. Should:

  • Drink Furazolidone tablets;
  • Drink water-salt solutions;
  • Refuse junk food;
  • You need to drink at least two liters of water in 24 hours.
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IMPORTANT: The use of folk remedies is quite harmless, however, actions should be coordinated with a doctor and rely on the fact that each organism has its own differences, which should be known and taken into account. This includes age, allergies, adverse drug reactions, and more

The following folk remedies are known:

  • Peeled pine nuts;
  • Chanterelles infused in vodka;
  • Grated onion, infused in water;
  • Valerian roots, crushed and infused in boiled cold water;
  • Enemas.

They are usually useful for muscle infections where other, more traditional methods are not used. Traditional medicine doesn't always help. To resort to it or not is a personal choice of each person. In the case of a positive answer, it is worth carefully studying the question, sticking only to the proven one. Sometimes there are actually wild options that are not recommended to be considered.

Disease prevention

There are a number of rules that can be followed to reduce the risk of infection:

  • Thorough hand washing;
  • Refusal to visit establishments where improper processing of meat may be carried out;
  • Contact with animal faeces should be avoided;
  • Use only properly processed foods.

The use of special measures is necessary on livestock and farms:

  • If you have to take raw meat, then you always need to wash your hands;
  • It is necessary to exclude the possibility that the infected meat will be eaten by pets, because, as you know, they become infected in this way. But it must be remembered that pets do not infect humans;
  • It is necessary to constantly apply measures to combat various pests.

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